name = Quail

image_caption = Common Quail
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
ordo = Galliformes
familia = Phasianidae
subdivision_ranks = Genera
subdivision =
*"Ophrysia"† See also Pheasant, Partridge, Grouse

Quail is a collective name for several genera of mid-sized birds in the pheasant family Phasianidae, or in the family Odontophoridae. New World quails are not closely related but named for their similar appearance and behaviour. Buttonquails are in a different family (Turnicidae) and are not true quails.


Quails are small, plump terrestrial birds. They are seed eaters but will also take insects and similar small prey. They nest on the ground and are capable of short, rapid bursts of flight. Some species such as the Japanese and Common Quail are migratory and fly for long distances. [cite web|url=http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Coturnix_japonica.html|title=Coturnix japonica (Japanese quail)|work=Animal Diversity Web|accessdate=2007-09-21] [cite web|url=http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Coturnix_coturnix.html|title=Coturnix coturnix (common quail)|work=Animal Diversity Web|accessdate=2007-09-21] Some quail are farmed in large numbers. The Japanese Quail (or coturnix quail) is kept mostly to produce eggs.

Species in taxonomic order

*Genus "Coturnix"
**Common Quail, "Coturnix coturnix"
**Japanese Quail, "Coturnix japonica"
**Stubble Quail, "Coturnix pectoralis"
**New Zealand Quail, "Coturnix novaezelandiae" Extinct
**Rain Quail, "Coturnix coromandelica"
**Harlequin Quail, "Coturnix delegorguei"
**Brown Quail, "Coturnix ypsilophora"
**Blue Quail, "Coturnix adansonii"
**Asian Blue Quail, "Coturnix chinensis"
*Genus "Anurophasis"
**Snow Mountain Quail, "Anurophasis monorthonyx"
*Genus "Perdicula"
**Jungle Bush-quail, "Perdicula asiatica"
**Rock Bush-quail, "Perdicula argoondah"
**Painted Bush-quail, "Perdicula erythrorhyncha"
**Manipur Bush-quail, "Perdicula manipurensis"
*Genus "Ophrysia"
**Himalayan Quail, "Ophrysia superciliosa" Critically Endangered/Extinct

ee also

*Quail eggs
*Quails in cookery
*Dick Cheney hunting incident


External links

* [http://www.gamebird.com/button.html Quail Breeding]
* [http://www.coturnixcorner.com/forum Coturnix Corner Quail Forum]

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