Bachelor of Education


Bachelor of Education

A Bachelor of Education (BEd) is an undergraduate academic degree which qualifies the graduate as a teacher in schools.

North America

In North America the degree is awarded for courses taken that generally last two years (one year in some Canadian universities). To gain the qualification the student is required to have a previous or substantial progress towards a bachelor's degree, usually in the field that the student wishes to teach in, as well as a good rapport with young children or teens. There are several streams to a Bachelor of Education, each corresponding to the particular level of instruction. For the US, this includes elementary school education, middle school education, and high school education.

Students take a majority of their courses (usually 7/8) in pedagogy.

United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom, where both the university system and school system are very different, the degree is awarded after a three or four year course (the course length depends on the university) which is specifically tailored to either primary education or for a limited range of secondary education subjects. It leads to Qualified Teacher Status (QTS) in England and Wales and is a teaching qualification in Scotland and Northern Ireland.

History

As a result of the Robbins Report on higher education (1963), the teacher training colleges were reformed as Colleges of Education. Students were offered an extra year of study, bringing the course up to four years in length and resulting in the award of the Bachelor of Education degree. The first Bachelors of Education graduated in 1968. [http://www.atm.org.uk/mt/archive/mt196files/ATM-MT196-03-07.pdf]

The BEd became more widespread in the early 1980s, when a bachelor's degree became a requirement for new teachers in the whole of the United Kingdom, replacing the old Certificate in Education (Cert Ed).

The BEd is not the only way of gaining Qualified Teacher Status or gaining a teaching qualification, other routes are as follows:

Australia

In Australia, a 4-Year Bachelor of Education degree combines practical/pedagogical study with a Major sequence in the academic discipline of Education. Students study a range of Education-related subjects, including Psychology, Sociology, History, Social Policy, Professional Practice, etc. Students also study subjects from another field or discipline as qualification for an intended teaching area or method. The degree is available in several specialisations, including Primary, Secondary, Human Movement/Health, Music, or Early Childhood. The longer duration of the course allows for more practical experiences and greater personal or professional development before teaching service. Most Australian State Teacher-Certification bodies require either a Bachelor of Education, or an Undergraduate/Bachelor's Degree in one or two subject areas, with a Diploma of Education as a minimum. A B.Ed. is not to be confused with the lesser degree Bachelor of Teaching, which is usually an 'End-On' course similar but slightly longer than a Diploma of Education.

Republic of Ireland

In the Republic of Ireland, a 4-Year Bachelor of Education degree combines practical/pedagogical study with a Major sequence in the academic discipline of Education. Modules in the Irish and English languages are complusory. Students study a range of Education-related subjects, including Psychology, Sociology, History, Social Policy, Professional Practice, etc. Students also study subjects from another field or discipline as qualification for an intended teaching area or method. The degree is available in several specialisations, including Primary, Secondary, Human Movement/Health, Music, or Early Childhood. The longer duration of the course allows for more practical experiences and greater personal or professional development before teaching service.Teacher-Certification bodies require either a Bachelor of Education, or an Undergraduate/Bachelor's Degree in one or two subject areas, with a Diploma of Education as a minimum. A B.Ed. is not to be confused with the lesser degree Bachelor of Teaching, which is usually an 'End-On' course similar but slightly longer than a Diploma of Education.

Bachelor of Science and/with Education. B.Sc.Ed

The Bachelor of Science and/with Education is a degree awarded to students who complete the four to five year course of study in the field of science (major and minor in biology, chemistry, physics, math) and Education, it is the combination of degree in science and education course(sometimes refer to double degree programs B.Sc + B.Ed = B.Sc.Ed). Although notionally B.Sc and B.Ed are two degrees, they must be taken together. Very few universities in the world that offer this course cause this course need collaboration of Faculty/School of Science and Faculty of Education. It’s to make sure that the teacher not only can work in education institution but also industrial area that related to science. In Malaysia, it is one of the toughest admittance degree for the students get into it. Students not only need a distinction result but also need to go through psychology test, tough interview and demo of teaching. Students who already get these courses will be given a full scholarship by Minister of Education. Upon graduation, the students will straight away get offer job by government and private institution(mostly teach for matriculation, foundation or high school students) due to deep understanding of specific science and professional teaching training. Graduates also can work in other based science related industries. Bachelor of Science AND Education is totally different with Bachelor of Science IN Education.

Bachelor of Education for teaching career in Bangladesh

In Bangladesh,Bachelor of Education( B.Ed ) is a course offered for those interested in pursing career in teaching.The B.Ed degree is mandatory for teaching in higher primary schools and high schools.The minimum qualification required for entry into BEd course is Bachelor of Arts( B.A ) or Bachelor of Science ( BSc ).While students from arts stream are trained to teach subjects like history,civics,geography and languages.The students from science stream are trained to teach mathematics,physics,chemistry and biology.After BEd ,students can purse Master in Education ( MEd ) in the universities of Bangladesh.National Council for Teacher Education is statutory body which regulates coureses in teaching in Bangladesh.

Bachelor of Education in India

In India,Bachelor of Education( B.Ed ) is a course offered for those interested in pursing career in teaching.The B.Ed degree is mandatory for teaching in higher primary schools and high schools.The minimum qualification required for entry into BEd course is Bachelor of Arts( B.A ) or Bachelor of Science ( BSc ).While students from arts stream are trained to teach subjects like history,civics,geography and languages.The students from science stream are trained to teach mathematics,physics,chemistry and biology.After BEd ,students can purse Master in Education ( MEd ) in Indian universities.National Council for Teacher Education is statutory body which regulates coureses in teaching in India.

There is a course called Diploma in Education( DEd ) or TCH meant for teaching in primary and nursery schools in India.However the qualification for admission to this course is pass in pre university course.

External links

* [http://www.ncte-in.org/theintro.htm NCTE India]
* [http://www.mangaloreuniversity.ac.in/college_details.jsp?clg=120 BEd in India]

References


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