Parnassianism (or less commonly parnasism) was a literary style characteristic of certain
French poetryduring the positivist period of the 19th century, occurring between romanticismand symbolism. The name is derived from the original Parnassian poets' journal, "Le Parnasse contemporain", itself named after Mount Parnassus, home of the Muses in Greek mythology. The anthology was issued between 1866 to 1876, including poems by Charles Leconte de Lisle, Théodore de Banville, Sully-Prudhomme, Stephane Mallarmé, Paul Verlaine, François Coppéeand José María de Heredia.
The Parnassians were influenced by
Théophile Gautierand his doctrine of " art for art's sake". In reaction to the looser forms of romantic poetry, and what they saw as excessive sentimentality and undue social and political activism in Romantic works, the Parnassians strove for exact and faultless workmanship, selecting exotic and classical subjects which they treated with rigidity of form and emotional detachment. Elements of this detachment were derived from the philosophical work of Arthur Schopenhauer.
Despite its French origins, Parnassianism does not restrict itself to France alone. Perhaps the most idiosyncratic of Parnassians,
Olavo Bilacwas an author from Brazilwho managed to carefully craft verses and metre while still keeping a strong feel of emotion to them. Antoni Langewas a conspicuous representative of Polish Parnassianism. Gerard Manley Hopkinsused the term "Parnassian" to describe competent but uninspired poetry, where a talented poet is merely operating on auto-pilot. He identified this trend particularly in the work of Alfred Tennyson, citing the poem Enoch Ardenas an example.
French Parnassianism had a decisive influence on the
Latin Americanliterary current known as Modernismo, whose leading light was the notable Nicaraguanpoet, Rubén Darío.
Latin American literature
* Parnassian Society
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
parnassianism — ˌnizəm noun ( s) Usage: usually capitalized : the Parnassian style in poetry the cradle of both symbolism and Parnassianism K.H.Cornell … Useful english dictionary
parnassianism — par·nas·sian·ism … English syllables
Parnassian — Parnassianism, Parnassism, n. /pahr nas ee euhn/, adj. 1. pertaining to Mount Parnassus. 2. pertaining to poetry. 3. of, pertaining to, or noting a school of French poets of the latter half of the 19th century, characterized chiefly by a belief… … Universalium
Duiliu Zamfirescu — Born October 30, 1858(1858 10 30) Dumbrăveni, Vrancea County Died June 3, 1922( … Wikipedia
Cyprian Norwid — Cyprian Kamil Norwid Cyprian Kamil Norwid Born Cyprian Konstanty Norwid 24 September 1821(1821 09 24) Laskowo Głuchy near Warsaw Died 23 May 1 … Wikipedia
Brazilian literature — Introduction the body of written works produced in the Portuguese language in Brazil. Colonial period Brazil was claimed for Portugal in 1500 and was named for the land s first export product, pau brasil (brazilwood), trade in which… … Universalium
French literature — Introduction the body of written works in the French language produced within the geographic and political boundaries of France. The French language was one of the five major Romance languages to develop from Vulgar Latin as a result of the … Universalium
Western literature — Introduction history of literatures in the languages of the Indo European family, along with a small number of other languages whose cultures became closely associated with the West, from ancient times to the present. Diverse as they… … Universalium
Meter (poetry) — In poetry, meter (metre in British English) is the basic rhythmic structure of a verse or lines in verse. Many traditional verse forms prescribe a specific verse meter, or a certain set of meters alternating in a particular order. The study of… … Wikipedia
Symbolist poetry — Symbolism, as a type and movement in poetry, emphasized non structured internalized poetry that, for lack of better words, describe thoughts and feelings in disconnected ways and places logic, formal structure, and descriptive reality in the back … Wikipedia