- Ústí nad Labem
Geobox | Settlement
name = Ústí nad Labem
category = Town
| flag_border = 1
symbol = Usti znak.gif
country = Czech Republic
region = Ústí nad Labem
region_type = Region
district = Ústí nad Labem
district_type = District
commune = Ústí nad Labem
river = Elbe
elevation = 218
lat_d = 50
lat_m = 39
lat_s = 30
lat_NS = N
long_d = 14
long_m = 2
long_s = 30
long_EW = E
area = 93.95
area_round = 2
area_metro = 874
population = 93859
population_date = 2005
population_density = auto
population_note = [ [http://www.urbanaudit.org/CityProfiles.aspx Larger urban zone, Eurostat 2003] ]
population_metro = 243878
established = 1056
established_type = First mentioned
mayor = Jan Kubata
map_background = Czechia - background map.png
map_caption = Location in the Czech Republic
map_locator = Czechia
commons = Ústí nad Labem
statistics = [http://www.statnisprava.cz/ebe/ciselniky.nsf/i/554804 statnisprava.cz]
website = [http://www.usti-nl.cz/showdoc.do?docid32 www.usti-nl.cz]
Ústí nad Labem ( Audio-IPA|Cs-Usti nad Labem.ogg| [ˈuːsciː ˈnad labɛm] ; _de. Aussig) is a city of the
Czech Republic, in the Ústí nad Labem Region. The city is the 9th-most populous in the country.
Ústí is situated in a mountainous district at the confluence of the Bílina and the
Elbe(Labe) Rivers, and, besides being an active river port, is an important railway junction. It is the birthplace of the painter Anton Raphael Mengs.
Ústí nad Labem was mentioned as a trading centre as early as 993. The city was founded by King Otakar II of
Bohemiain the latter part of the 13th century. In 1423 it was pledged by Emperor Sigismund to Elector Frederick I of Meißen, who occupied it with a Saxon garrison. In 1426 it was besieged by the Hussites, who on June 16 1426, though only 25,000 strong, defeated with great slaughter a German army of 70,000 which had been sent to its relief; the town was stormed and sacked the next day. After lying waste for three years, it was rebuilt in 1429. It suffered much during the Thirty Years' Warand Seven Years' War.
Not far from Ústí is the village of Chlumec, where, on
August 29- August 30 1813, a battle took place between the French Empire under Vandammeand an allied army of Austrians, Prussians, and Russians. The French were defeated and Vandamme surrendered with his army of 10,000 men.
During the 19th century the city became heavily industrialized. Mining, chemical industry and river transport were its most important assets. Nowadays it is the industrial city with chemical establishments, metallurgy manufacture, machinetool industries, textiles and nutriment industry.
Ústí was a center of early German National Socialism. On
November 15, 1903, the "Deutsche Arbeiterpartei in Österreich" ("German Workers' Party in Austria") was formed; it would become the basis for the Sudeten German National Socialist Partyand Austrian National Socialism. Much of their literature and books were printed in Ústí.
April 17to April 19, 1945the city was bombed by the Allied Forces and 500 people lost their lives. On July 31, 1945, the Ústí Massacreagainst German civilians occurred. In 1945 and 1946, over 53,000 ethnic Germans were expelled from the area. Emigrants from the Soviet Union, Slovakia, and Romaniasettled in the city, among them many Roma and Sinti. During the 1970s-1980s large numbers of paneláks were constructed in Ústí. After the fall of communismin Czechoslovakiain the Velvet Revolutionof 1989, the city's heavy industry suffered economic troubles.
The Střekov stronghold is located in a southern suburb of the city. Ústí is a center for tourism owing to the romantic landscape of the
Bohemian Highlands("České středohoří") and the České Švýcarskonational park.
Matiční Street Wall
The city gained notoriety in the late 1990s when a 150 m long wall was constructed along part of the Matiční Street separating family houses on one side from the tenement houses for rent dodgers on the other. Since the latter were homes mainly to
Roma people, it turned into an international racist scandal. Mayor Ladislav Hruška promised local homeowners' representatives that the wall would be finished by the end of September, 1998. Foreign press arrived in Ústí to investigate, and were told by aldermen that the wall was not meant to segregate by race, but to keep respectable citizens safe from noise and rubbish coming from the opposite side of the street. [http://romove.radio.cz/en/article/18199 Usti nad Labem / Maticni Street] romove.radio.cz, 26-02-2000]
In September, city representatives announced that plans would be changed from a four meter soundproof wall to a 1.8 meter wall of ceramic bricks, and a children's playground would also be constructed in front of the tenement houses. Despite these changes, the
Roma Civic Initiativeand Deputy Prime Minister Vladimír Špidlavocally opposed the construction. [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/286704.stm Hiding Gypsies behind a wall] , BBC, February 26, 1999] The wall was criticized by Congressman Christopher Smith, and a delegation from the Council of Europedescribed it as a "racist" and drastic solution. ]
The new plans slated construction to begin
August 30, 1999, but a decision by the district council delayed the move because a wall that large would require a permit, and threatened to damage the root systems of trees along Matični Street. On October 5, however, construction began regardless of the opposition by foreign observers and members of the Czech government. The following day, 50 Roma physically blockaded construction of the wall and dismantled parts that had already been set up. ] Nonetheless, the wall was completed on October 13. Domestic and international pressure eventually convinced the city to dismantle the wall, and it was destroyed six weeks after it was erected.
Prešov, Slovakiaconsidered building a similar wall in 2005. [http://www.euro-reporters.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=150&Itemid=0]
Ústí is twinned with:
* [http://www.usti-nl.cz/showdoc.do?docid=32 Municipal website]
* [http://www.usti-aussig.net Architecture in Ústí nad Labem]
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См. также в других словарях:
Usti nad Labem — Ústí nad Labem … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ústí nad Labem — Ústí nad Labem … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ústí nad Labem — Bandera … Wikipedia Español
Usti-nad-Labem — Ústí nad Labem Ústí nad Labem Héraldique … Wikipédia en Français
Usti nad Labem — Ústí nad Labem Ústí nad Labem Héraldique … Wikipédia en Français
Ústí nad labem — Héraldique … Wikipédia en Français
Ústí nad Labem — Héraldique … Wikipédia en Français
USTI NAD LABEM — (Czech Ústí nad Labem; Ger. Aussig), town in N. Bohemia, Czech Republic. Isolated Jewish families may have settled in the town in the 16th century, but later the German burghers did not permit Jews to live there. Jews returned to the town after… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Ústi nad Labem — [ uːstji nadlabɛm], Stadt in der Tschechischen Republik, Aussig … Universal-Lexikon
Usti nad Labem — Original name in latin st nad Labem Name in other language Aussig, Aussig an der Elbe, Auszig, Usti, Usti nad Labem, Ustina Labe, usti, usti nad labom, stina Labe, st st nad Labem, Усти, Усти над Лабом State code CZ Continent/City Europe/Prague… … Cities with a population over 1000 database