Quinquagesima is the name for the Sunday before Ash Wednesday. It was also called Quinquagesima Sunday, Shrove Sunday or Esto Mihi. The name originates from Latin "quinquagesimus" (fiftieth), referring to the fifty days before Easter Sunday using inclusive counting which counts both Sundays (normal counting would count only one of these). Since the forty days of the Lenten fast included only weekdays, the first day of Lent, Ash Wednesday, succeeds Quinquagesima Sunday by only three days.

The earliest Quinquagesima Sunday can occur is February 1 and the latest is March 7.

The reforms of the Second Vatican Council included the elimination of this term for this Sunday (and the two immediately before it - Sexagesima and Septuagesima Sundays), and these Sundays are part of Ordinary Time. The contemporary service books of many Anglican provinces do not use the term but it remains in the Book of Common Prayer. According to the reformed Roman Rite Roman Catholic calendar, this Sunday is now known by its number within Ordinary Time - fourth through ninth, depending upon the date of Easter - or the fourth through the ninth Sunday after Epiphany in the contemporary Anglican calendars, and that of various Protestant polities. The extraordinary form of the Roman rite continues to refer to the Sunday prior to "Ash Wednesday" as "Quinquagesima Sunday", and the two Sundays immediately preceding it as "Sexagesima" and "Septuagesima" Sundays.

In 2008, Quinquagesima fell on February 3.

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  • Quinquagesima — • The period of fifty days before Easter Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Quinquagesima     Quinquagesima     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Quinquagesima — [kwin΄kwə jā′zi mə, kwin΄kwəjes′imə; kwiŋ΄kwə jā′zi mə, kwiŋ΄kwə ə] n. [LL quinquagesima (dies), fiftieth (day), i.e., before Easter, fem. of L quinquagesimus, fiftieth: cf. QUINQUAGENARIAN] former term for the Sunday before Lent: also… …   English World dictionary

  • Quinquagesima — Quin qua*ges i*ma, a. [L., fr. quinquagesimus the fiftieth, akin to quinquaginta fifty, quinque five. See {Five}.] Fiftieth. [1913 Webster] {Quinquagesima Sunday}, the Sunday which is the fiftieth day before Easter, both days being included in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Quinquagesĭma — (lat.), 1) 1/50 unter Augustus die Steuer, welche Sklavenhändler an das Ärarium bezahlen mußten; Q. emphyteuticaria, der 50. Theil des Werths der Sache, welcher dem Dominus emphyteuseos für die Annahme u. Einsetzung des neuen Emphyteuten bei der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Quinquagesĭma — (lat.), der 50. Tag vor Ostern oder der Sonntag Esto mihi (s. d.); früher auch Q. abstinentiae et poenitentiae, als letzter Sonntag vor Beginn der Fasten und Bußzeit; vgl. Aschermittwoch und Karneval; Q. paschalis, Q. laetitiae et exaltationis,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Quinquagesimä — Quinquagesĭmä (lat.), der 50. Tag vor Ostern, d.h. der Sonntag Estomihi …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Quinquagesima — Quinquagesima, lat., der 50. Tag vor Ostern, der 7. Sonntag vor Ostern (Esto mihi) …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • quinquagésima — |u in| s. f. 1. Período de 50 dias. 2. Diz se do Domingo Gordo …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Quinquagesima — Quin|qua|ge|si|ma 〈ohne Artikel〉 50. Tag vor Ostern, Fastnachtssonntag [<lat. quinquagesima (dies) „der 50. (Tag)“] * * * Quin|qua|ge|si|ma, die; , bei artikellosem Gebrauch auch: …mä <meist o. Art.> [mlat. quinquagesima, eigtl. = der… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • QUINQUAGESIMA — I. QUINQUAGESIMA apud Ferrarium Diac. c. 214. ex Synodo Sardicensi, tit. Ut diebus Quinquagesimae genua non flectantur: et apud Cassianum, de Coenob. Institut. c. 6. 18. et Collat. 21. c. 8. ubi observat, in ea non custoditam a strictioris vitae… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale