- Socialist Education Movement
The Socialist Education Movement (
Simplified Chinese: 社会主义教育运动; Traditional Chinese: 社會主義教育運動; pinyin: Shèhuìzhǔyì Jiàoyù Yùndòng, abbreviated 社教运动 or 社教運動), also known as the Four Cleanups Movement (Simplified: 四清运动; Traditional: 四清運動; pinyin: Sìqīng Yùndòng) was a movement launched by Mao Zedongin 1963 in the People's Republic of China. Mao sought to remove what he believed to be " reactionary" elements within the bureaucracyof the Communist Party of China, saying that "governance is also a process of socialist education." The goal of the movement was to cleanse politics, economy, organization, and ideology(the four cleanups). It was to last until 1966.
The campaign is described by Donald Klein in the
Enyclopedia Americana2007 (Grolier Online), as a "nearly complete failure." Mao's dissatisfaction over this program's inefficacy set the stage for the Cultural Revolution(1966-1969).
List of campaigns of the Communist Party of China
* [http://past.people.com.cn/GB/shizheng/252/5301/5302/20010612/487072.html The Socialist Education Movement] ,
People's Dailywebsite, in Simplified Chinese
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