Cairo Declaration


Cairo Declaration

:selfref|"This article is about the Allied declaration of 1943. For the Muslim human rights declaration, see Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam."|The Cairo Declaration was a result from Cairo Conference at Cairo, Egypt, on November 27, 1943. President Franklin Roosevelt of the United States, Prime Minister Winston Churchill of the United Kingdom, and Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek of the Republic of China were present. [cite news |url=http://www.ndl.go.jp/constitution/e/etc/c03.html
publisher=Japan National Diet Library
title=Text of Cairo Declaration in the Japanese National Diet Library
date=November 27, 1943
] . The "Cairo Communiqué" was broadcasted through radio on December 1, 1943 cite news |url=http://www.ndl.go.jp/constitution/e/shiryo/01/002_46shoshi.html
publisher=Japan National Diet Library
title=Cairo Communiquè received by the radio operators in USA
date=December 1, 1943
] .The Cairo Declaration is cited in Clause Eight (8) of the Potsdam Declaration, which is referred by the Japanese Instrument of Surrender.

ummary

The main points of the document are:

* The Allies resolved to bring unrelenting military pressure against Japan until it agrees to unconditional surrender.
* All territories Japan has stolen from China, including Manchuria, Taiwan, and The Pescadores, shall be restored to the Republic of China.
* Korea shall become free and independent.

Recent Dispute

The proponents for Taiwan independence argue that the document is simply a statement of intent and non-binding "press release." It is not in the official treaty archives of both the United States [Treaties and Other International Agreements of the United States of America, 1776-1949 III. Multilateral, 1931-1945 (Washington, D. C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1969), Pg 858] and Japan, [Nihon Gaiko Nenpyo Narabini Shuyo Bunsho : 1840-1945 vol.2, 1966] which demonstrates that is not deemed to be a treaty by the involved parties. [http://www.taiwannation.com.tw/ecairo.htm]

The counterargument is that while the Cairo Declaration itself was a non-binding declaration, it was given legal effect by the Japanese Instrument of Surrender, which stated that Japan would implement the Potsdam Declaration, which in turn referenced the Cairo Declaration.

References

ee also

* Cairo Conference
* Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945)
* Potsdam Declaration (1945)
* Japanese Instrument of Surrender (1945)
* Treaty of San Francisco (1951)
* [http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/instree/cairodeclaration.html Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam, U.N. GAOR(1990) ]

External links

* [http://www.ndl.go.jp/constitution/e/etc/constitution.html Text of the Constitution and Other Important Documents in the Japanese National Diet Library]


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