- Cairo Declaration
:selfref|"This article is about the Allied declaration of 1943. For the Muslim human rights declaration, see
Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam."|The Cairo Declaration was a result from Cairo Conferenceat Cairo, Egypt, on November 27, 1943. President Franklin Roosevelt of the United States, Prime Minister Winston Churchillof the United Kingdom, and Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shekof the Republic of Chinawere present. [cite news |url=http://www.ndl.go.jp/constitution/e/etc/c03.html
publisher=Japan National Diet Library
title=Text of Cairo Declaration in the Japanese National Diet Library
date=November 27, 1943 ] . The "Cairo Communiqué" was broadcasted through radio on
December 1, 1943cite news |url=http://www.ndl.go.jp/constitution/e/shiryo/01/002_46shoshi.html
publisher=Japan National Diet Library
title=Cairo Communiquè received by the radio operators in USA
date=December 1, 1943 ] .The Cairo Declaration is cited in Clause Eight (8) of the
Potsdam Declaration, which is referred by the Japanese Instrument of Surrender.
The main points of the document are:
* The Allies resolved to bring unrelenting military pressure against Japan until it agrees to unconditional surrender.
* All territories Japan has stolen from
China, including Manchuria, Taiwan, and The Pescadores, shall be restored to the Republic of China.
Koreashall become free and independent.
The proponents for
Taiwan independenceargue that the document is simply a statement of intent and non-binding "press release." It is not in the official treaty archives of both the United States [Treaties and Other International Agreements of the United States of America, 1776-1949 III. Multilateral, 1931-1945 (Washington, D. C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1969), Pg 858] and Japan, [Nihon Gaiko Nenpyo Narabini Shuyo Bunsho : 1840-1945 vol.2, 1966] which demonstrates that is not deemed to be a treaty by the involved parties. [http://www.taiwannation.com.tw/ecairo.htm]
The counterargument is that while the Cairo Declaration itself was a non-binding declaration, it was given legal effect by the
Japanese Instrument of Surrender, which stated that Japan would implement the Potsdam Declaration, which in turn referenced the Cairo Declaration.
Second Sino-Japanese War(1937-1945)
Japanese Instrument of Surrender(1945)
Treaty of San Francisco(1951)
* [http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/instree/cairodeclaration.html Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam, U.N. GAOR(1990) ]
* [http://www.ndl.go.jp/constitution/e/etc/constitution.html Text of the Constitution and Other Important Documents in the Japanese National Diet Library]
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