- American Record Company
The American Record Company was founded by
Ellsworth A. Hawthorneand Horace Sheble(formerly dealers for Edison Recordswho had been blacklisted for their questionable business methods) and Frederick M. Prescot. It was based in Springfield, Massachusetts. They produced single-sided lateral-cut-groove disc records.
The principals were connected with the
Odeon Recordsfirm (some export pressings carried the "American Odeon Record" name). Most of the records are single sided, but there are also two-sided records known on the label; one researcher stated that the company would press any two sides paired, if the buyer met the minimum-order qualification. As well, these records are notable for being blue in color, rather than the usual black. Several variations of the "Indian" label exist, differing only in minor details. The records appear to have been numbered using a sequence which began at (or near) 030000; the numbers had reached the mid 031000's by the end of operation. The records exist in 7-inch, 10-inch and 10.75-inch sizes, with the latter size being derived from its connection with Odeon (which also used that size). The seven-inch discs used a different numbering sequence, and seemed to have only been produced for a short time. The double-faced issues used the numbers of each side when issued.
The company was closed after unfavorable judgements on
patentswhich the American Record Company had violated from Emile Berliner, Columbia Records, and the Victor Talking Machine Company.
The label of the discs featured artwork depicting a Native American with a
smoking pipelistening to an early disc phonograph.
In February 1979
Maurice Whiteof the R&B group Earth, Wind and Firelaunched the American Recording Corporation (ARC), a Columbia Recordsdistributed label whose artist roster included Deniece Williamsand the Emotions.
List of record labels
* "American Record Label Book", Brian Rust, Da Capo, 1984.
* [http://www.shellac.org/wams/wamrec.html American Record Company on Shellac.org]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.