- Bengawan Solo River
The Bengawan Solo River (alternatively, Solo River, with "Bengawan" being an old Javanese word for "
river") is the longest riveron the Indonesian island of Java, approximately 540 km in length. Apart from its importance as watercourse to the inhabitants and farmlands of the eastern and northern parts of the island, it is a renowned region in paleoanthropologycircles. Many discoveries of early hominid remains have been made at several sites in its valleys, including that of the first early human fossil found outside of Europe, the so-called " Java Man" skull. Bengawan Solo was the crash site of Garuda Indonesia Flight 421
The Bengawan Solo River has its source at the
volcanoof Mount Lawu,in Central Java. From there it flows in a northerly direction, through the Sewu Mountains. Along its course it is joined by several tributaries. Some of these, such as the Madiun and Brantas rivers are substantial rivers themselves. The river makes an easterly turn through East Java, passing through the Kendang Mountains and into the Solo Valley, which is relatively flat. It passes through the major city of Surakarta(called "Solo" by the local inhabitants), and eventually reaches its outlet on the Java Seanear the city of Surabaya.
Inspired by the river,
Gesang Martohartonocreated a song named after the river. Bengawan Solo became a popular folk song in Indonesia.
last =Turner | first =Peter | authorlink = | coauthors = | title =Java (1st edition) | publisher =Lonely Planet | date =1997 | location =Melbourne | pages =page 286| id = ISBN 0-86442-314-4
* Prabowo, Dibyo, & McConnell, D. J. & Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (1993), Changes and development in Solo Valley farming systems, Indonesia Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome ISBN 9251028974
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