- Saskatchewan River
name = Saskatchewan River
country = Canada
source_confluence = North and
South Saskatchewan Rivers
Prince Albert, Saskatchewan
source_confluence_elevation = 380
source_confluence_lat_d = 53 | source_confluence_lat_m = 14 | source_confluence_lat_s = 6 | source_confluence_lat_NS = N
source_confluence_long_d = 105 | source_confluence_long_m = 4 | source_confluence_long_s = 58 | source_confluence_long_EW = W
mouth = Lake Winnipeg
Grand Rapids, Manitoba
mouth_elevation = 220
mouth_lat_d = 53 | mouth_lat_m = 11 | mouth_lat_s = 6 | mouth_lat_NS = N
mouth_long_d = 99 | mouth_long_m = 15 | mouth_long_s = 22 | mouth_long_EW = W
length = 547
watershed = 335900
discharge = 700
map_caption = Saskatchewan River Watershed
The Saskatchewan River (Cree: "kisiskāciwani-sīpiy", "swift flowing river") is a major river in
Canada, approximately 550 km (340 mi) long, flowing roughly eastward across Saskatchewanand Manitobato drain into Lake Winnipeg. Through its tributaries the North Saskatchewan and South Saskatchewan, its watershed encompasses much of the prairieregions of central Canada, stretching westward to the Rocky Mountainsin Albertaand into northern Montanain the United States. It reaches approximately km to mi|1939|precision=0 to its furthest headwaters on the Bow River, a tributary of the South Saskatchewan in Alberta Cite web| url= http://atlas.nrcan.gc.ca/site/english/learningresources/facts/rivers.html#bay | title= Rivers of Canada | author= The Atlas of Canada | year= 2004 | month= October | accessdate= 2007-02-20
(Webpage shows that the South Saskatchewan River has a much higher flow than the Saskatchewan River. But since the South is a tributary of the Saskatchewan River, it must be assumed that the data is reversed.)] .
It is formed in central Saskatchewan, approximately 40 km (25 mi) east of Prince Albert, by the confluence of its two major branches, the North Saskatchewan and the South Saskatchewan, at the
Saskatchewan River Forks. Both source rivers originate from glaciers in the Alberta Rockies.
The combined stream flows east-northeast, into Codette Lake formed by the Francis Finlay dam at Nipawin then into
Tobin Lake, formed by the E. B. Campbell Dam. It then flows northeast, off the edge of the prairies of the Great Plainsonto the Canadian Shield, passing through a region of marshes, where it is joined from the northwest by the Torch Riverand the Mossy River. At the northern edge of the marshes it flows east, twisting between a series of small lakes into west-central Manitoba to The Pas, where it is joined from the southwest by the Carrot River. Southeast of The Pas, it forms several streams in a delta on the northwest side of Cedar Lake, then exiting the lake on its southeast end and flowing approximately 5 km (3 mi) to Lake Winnipeg, entering on the northwest shore north of Long Point.
The river, like the province of
Saskatchewan, takes its name from the Cree word "kisiskāciwani-sīpiy", meaning "swift flowing river". The river and its tributaries provided an important route of transportation for First Nationsand early European trappers.
The Saskatchewan River and its two major tributaries formed an important transportation route during the
Precontact, Fur Trade, and early Settlement periods in the Canadian West. First Nationsinhabiting the area of the rivers included at one time or another the Atsina, Cree, Saulteaux, Blackfoot Confederacy, Assiniboine, and Sioux. Henry Kelseypenetrated the area in the 1690s for the Hudson's Bay Company, and Louis de la Corne, Chevalier de la Corneestablished the furthest western post of the French Empire in America (See New France) just east of the Saskatchewan River Forks at Fort de la Corne. In addition to this the Hudson's Bay Companyand North West Companyboth ran numerous fur posts up the river and its two branches throughout the late eighteenth to late nineteenth centuries. York boatsand canoesformed the primary means of travel during the fur trade period.
In the mid nineteenth century Metis settlements became important along stretches of the rivers (notably at the
Southbranch Settlement, Prince Albert, Saskatchewanand St. Albert, Alberta). Riverboatswere introduced from the Red River of the Northin the nineteenth century and remained an important means of transportation until the 1890s and the coming of railroads to the area.
The earliest settlements in Saskatchewan and Alberta generally were established around the rivers. Examples include
Fort Edmonton( Edmonton, Alberta), Fort Battleford( Battleford, Saskatchewan), Prince Albert, Saskatchewan, and Cumberland House, Saskatchewan.
In Popular Culture
The Saskatchewan River is featured in the "
The Arrogant Worms" song " The Last Saskatchewan Pirate".
List of Manitoba rivers
List of Saskatchewan rivers
List of Alberta rivers
* [http://www.ccge.org/ccge/english/Resources/rivers/tr_rivers_saskatchewanRiver.asp Canadian Council for Geographic Education page with a series of articles on the history of the Saskatchewan River] .
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Look at other dictionaries:
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