Tumbling Dice

Tumbling Dice

Infobox Single
Name = Tumbling Dice

Caption =
Artist = The Rolling Stones
from Album = Exile on Main St.
A-side =
B-side = "Sweet Black Angel"
Released = 14 April 1972
Format = 7"
Recorded = Villa Nellcôte, Villefranche-sur-Mer, France July-November 1971
Genre = Rock
Length = 3 min 45 s
Label = Rolling Stones Records
Writer = Jagger/Richards
Producer = Jimmy Miller
Certification =
Chart position =
* #5 (UK)
* #7 (US)
Last single = "Wild Horses"
This single = "Tumbling Dice"
Next single = "Happy"
Misc = Extra tracklisting
Album = Exile on Main St.
Type = studio
prev_track = "Casino Boogie""
prev_no = 4
this_track = "Tumbling Dice"
track_no = 5
next_track = "Sweet Virginia"
next_no = 6

"Tumbling Dice" is a rock song written by Mick Jagger and Keith Richards for The Rolling Stones' 1972 double album "Exile on Main St." and was the album's first single. The single peaked at #7 on the charts in the United States and #5 in the United Kingdom. The basic track of the song was recorded in the basement of the French chateau Villa Nellcôte on 3 August 1971. Mick Taylor, the Rolling Stones' lead guitarist, played bass on the track, due to bassist Bill Wyman's absence that night, and Mick Jagger plays guitar.

The lyrics tell the story of a gambler who cannot remain faithful to any woman. Cover versions have been created in such diverse styles as reggae, bluegrass and noise rock. An updated version from a female perspective was also a top 40 single for Linda Ronstadt in 1978 which is included in the film FM.


"Good Time Women", an early version of "Tumbling Dice", was recorded during the sessions for the album "Sticky Fingers". The song is a bluesy boogie-woogie heavy on Ian Stewart's piano work. The two songs are similar in structure in that they have the same chord progression and a similar melody. Also, Jagger sings the hook to the accompaniment of Richards' lone lead guitar. However, "Good Time Woman" lacked an opening riff, a background choir and the beat which propels "Tumbling Dice"'s groove.

"Tumbling Dice" was recorded in the basement of the chateau Villa Nellcôte, near Villefranche-sur-Mer, France. The recording schedule for "Exile on Main St." had the band sleeping all day and recording with whomever was around at night. Both Charlie Watts and producer Jimmy Miller play the drums simultaneously on the album's version of the song. In "Rolling With the Stones", Bill Wyman said: "On 3 August we worked on 'Good Time Woman' and when I arrived the following day I found Mick Taylor playing bass. I hung around until 3am then left."ref|wyman1 In the liner notes to "", Richards said, "I remember writing the riff upstairs in the very elegant front room, and we took it downstairs the same evening and we cut it." Jagger said that the song's theme of gambling and love came from the fact that he "had a lot of friends at that time who used to fly to Las Vegas for the weekend." ref|jumpback

Jagger states, "'Tumbling Dice' was written to fit Keith's riff. It's about gambling and love, an old blues trick." ref|jumpback2

Sound engineer Andy Johns said “I know we had a hundred reels of tape on the basic track. That was a good song, but it was really like pulling teeth. It just went on and on and on.” Some have said that it may have taken as many as 150 takes to get the basic track of the song. ref|blender1 The mixing of the album was also difficult. Jagger has never liked the final mix of the song. In an interview with Melody Maker, Jagger said, "I think they used the wrong mix for that one. I know they did." ref|perry1

The single was released on April 14, 1972. It was the Rolling Stones' 23rd single in the United States and their 17th in the United Kingdom. ref|wyman The single's B-side was "Sweet Black Angel", a song written by Jagger about Black Panther activist Angela Davis.


"Tumbling Dice" is known for its "groove". Aerosmith's Joe Perry said the song is "so laid-back, it really sucks you in..." ref|blender2 The song's tempo has often been credited with creating that groove. In concert, Jagger and Richards have been known to argue over the speed of the song with Jagger trying to push the song's tempo a bit faster. ref|perry2

The song's lyrical structure is irregular. While many songs have the same number of lines for the each verse or chorus, the first verse has eight lines, the second verse has six lines and the last verse has two lines. The song's first chorus has two lines, the second chorus has three and the third chorus has twelve lines.

At the beginning of every chorus, the piano, bass and drums drop out and the background voices sing "you got to roll me" as the guitar plays the song's signature guitar figure. The third chorus leads into the song's coda. Slowly, the bands rhythm section works its way back into the song. The coda includes a call and response with the background voices singing "you got to roll me" as Jagger and Richards respond by singing "keep on rolling." This happens over a pounding beat laid down by Charlie Watts. After a few measures, Watts resumes playing his regular drum pattern. The coda continues for another minute as Jagger ad-libs lyrics until the fade out.


The Rolling Stones performed "Tumbling Dice" live for the first time on 3 June 1972 at the Pacific Coliseum in Vancouver, British Columbia at the start of their 1972 North American Tour. Since then, only four regular tour concerts and a handful of benefit shows have not included "Tumbling Dice". On June 5, 1982, ten years and two days after the Stones first performed it, they left the song off the set list. ref|karnbach1 The first two nights of the 1999 No Security Tour did not feature "Tumbling Dice" making them the first regular tour concerts in 17 years not to feature "Tumbling Dice". ref|iorr1 ref|iorr2 On September 17, 2005, "Tumbling Dice" was missing from the set list of a show on the A Bigger Bang Tour. ref|iorr3

Linda Ronstadt joined the Rolling Stones onstage to sing "Tumbling Dice" on July 21, 1978. ref|karnbach2

Three live versions have been released on commercially available CDs. A live version of the song was recorded for "Stripped", the live album that documented the Voodoo Lounge Tour, but was not a song on that album. The recording crossfades from a backstage vocal rehearsal of the song on solo piano to an onstage performance of the song. The backstage rehearsal was recorded at the Olympia Theatre, Paris, France on July 3, 1995. The live performance happened at Joe Robbie Stadium, Miami, Florida on November 25, 1994. ref|karnbach3 This recording can be found on "Rarities 1971-2003". "Love You Live" features a version recorded on June 7, 1976 at Les Abattoirs, Paris, France. ref|karnbach4 The 2008 release "Shine a Light" captures a performance from the 2006 leg of the A Bigger Bang Tour.

Five live concert films have included "Tumbling Dice": "Ladies and Gentlemen The Rolling Stones" (1974), "Rolling Stones - Live at the Max" (1992), "Rolling Stones - Voodoo Lounge" (1995), "Rolling Stones - Bridges to Babylon Tour '97-'98: Live in Concert" (1998), "Rolling Stones - Four Flicks" (2004), and "The Biggest Bang". (2007)

On May 21, 1972, Top of the Pops broadcast a film made of the Stones rehearsing "Tumbling Dice" in Montreaux for the 1972 tour. On May 27,1972 Old Grey Whistle Test showed the same footage. ref|karnbach5


:Mick Jagger: Vocals & Guitar:Keith Richards: Guitar:Mick Taylor: Bass, slide guitar:Charlie Watts: Drums:Nicky Hopkins: Piano:Bobby Keys: Saxophone:Jim Price: Trumpet:Keith Richards, Clydie King, Vanetta Fields: Background Vocals

Critical reception

Due to its length and musical scope, most reviews of "Exile on Main St." glossed over the album's individual songs to focus on the album as a whole. However, Lenny Kaye, in his review for "Rolling Stone", took a paragraph to describe the song.

:"But it's left to "Tumbling Dice" to not just place a cherry on the first side, but to also provide one of the album's only real moves towards a classic. As the guitar figure slowly falls into Charlie's inevitable smack, the song builds to the kind of majesty the Stones at their best have always provided. Nothing is out of place here. Keith's simple guitar figure providing the nicest of bridges, the chorus touching the upper levels of heaven and spurring on Jagger, set up by an arrangement that is both unique and imaginative. It's definitely the cut that deserved the single, and the fact that it's not likely to touch number one shows we've perhaps come a little further than we originally intended." ref|kaye

Disc Magazine on April 15th, 1972, said:

:"Unison guitars from Keith and Mick Taylor, rather than double-tracking, lead us out and down the hole in the middle. By that time, hypnosis has set in and you are cursing the fact that the single doesn't last six minutes longer." ref|wymandisc

The song has earned spots on numerous "best of" lists.
*"Spin magazine" ranked it as the third greatest single of all time. ref|spin
*"Rolling Stone magazine" ranked it as #424 on their list of the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time.
*"Q magazine" ranked it #258 in their 1001 Greatest Songs of All Time. ref|q

Cover versions

Infobox Single
Name = Tumbling Dice

Caption = Cover of the German single for "Tumbling Dice" with "Carmelita" as the B-side. The American version did not have a picture sleeve.
Artist = Linda Ronstadt
from Album = Simple Dreams
A-side =
B-side = I Never Will Marry
Released = 1977
Format = vinyl record
Recorded = 1977
Genre = Rock
Length = 3min 5sec
Label = London Records
Writer =
Producer = Peter Asher
Certification =
Chart position =
Last single = "Poor Poor Pitiful Me"
This single = "Tumbling Dice"
Next single = "Back in the USA"
Misc =

Linda Ronstadt had a top 40 hit with "Tumbling Dice" in 1977. In an interview with Hit Parader magazine Ronstadt said that her band played "Tumbling Dice" for soundchecks, but nobody knew the words. Jagger suggested that Ronstadt should sing more rock songs and suggested "Tumbling Dice". Ronstadt made him write down the lyrics. Ref|robinson

In 2001, Hilary Rosen, representing the Recording Industry Association of America, testified before the U.S. Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs and listed a number of songs that would be in danger of censorship. Among those were Ronstadt's "Tumbling Dice", which Rosen (probably confusing it with "Brown Sugar") said was "a song about rape written by Mick Jagger and Keith Richards." ref|starpolish

The band Pussy Galore covered all of the album "Exile on Main St." on their album "Exile on Main Street". Bluesman Johnny Copeland recorded a cover version for Rolling Stones tribute album "Paint it, Blue: Songs of the Rolling Stones". For Copeland, who died of complications from heart surgery, it would be the last song he would ever record.

The extreme right wing UK punk rock band Skrewdriver began their career during the 1970s as a Rolling Stones covers band called "Tumbling Dice".

Other cover versions include:
*Andrea Re recorded a version for "Exile on Blues Street", an album of ten songs from "Exile on Main St." redone by blues artists.
*Bluegrass band Honeywell recorded a version for "Paint It Blue: A Bluegrass Tribute to the Rolling Stones".
*Reggae artist Owen Gray did a version of it for "Shook, Shimmy and Shake: The Anthology".
*God Mountain recorded a version of it for an album of Stones covers called "As Tears Go By".
*Barry Goldberg would record a version on "Stoned Again".
*Molly Hatchet would record a version on "Kingdom of XII".
*Jill Johnson and Kim Carnes in a duet, which is on the 2007 Jill Johnson album "Music Row".
*Bon Jovi have covered it live. A live version appears on the special edition version of their album "These Days".



# Wyman p.391
# [http://users.skynet.be/stones/albums/jumpback.htm#7 "Jump Back: The Best of the Rolling Stones" "Tumbling Dice" Entry]
# "Ibid."
# [http://www.blender.com/guide/articles.aspx?id=823 "The Greatest Songs Ever! Tumbling Dice] , by Johnny Black, "Blender", May 2003
# Perry p.68
# Wyman p.391
# [http://www.blender.com/guide/articles.aspx?id=823 "The Greatest Songs Ever! Tumbling Dice] , by Johnny Black, "Blender", May 2003
# Perry p.67
# Karnbach p.174
# [http://www.iorr.org/rew99/oakland.htm Jan. 25, 1999 set list] from It's Only Rock and Roll - The Rolling Stones Fan Club
# [http://www.iorr.org/rew99/sacra1.htm Jan. 27, 1999 set list] from It's Only Rock and Roll - The Rolling Stones Fan Club
# [http://www.iorr.org/tour05/albany.htm Sept. 17, 2005 set list] from It's Only Rock and Roll - The Rolling Stones Fan Club
# Karnback p.162
# Karnbach p.310
# Karnbach p.158
# Karnbach p.351
# Kaye
# Wyman p.391
# [http://www.rocklist.co.uk/spin100.html#singles89 SPIN's 100 Greatest Singles Of All Time (1989)] , Retrieved Dec 5, 2005.
# [http://www.rocklist.co.uk/q1001_songs.htm Q Magazine 1001 Greatest Songs of All Time] Retrieved Dec. 5, 2005.
# Robinson
# [http://www.starpolish.com/news/article.asp?id=147 "Rosen rapes Rolling Stones"] by David Marsh, Starpolish, August 06, 2001, retrieved November 30, 2005


*cite journal
author=Black, Johnny
title="The Greatest Songs Ever! Tumbling Dice"

*cite web
author=Erlewine, Stephen Thomas
title="Tumbling Dice"
work=All Music Guide
accessdate=December 5

*cite book
author=Karnbach, James and Berson, Carol
title="It's Only Rock and Roll - The Ultimate Guide to the Rolling Stones"
publisher=Facts On File
id=ISBN 0816035474

*cite journal
author=Kaye, Lenny
title="Tumbling Dice" Puts the Cherry on the First Side of "Main Street"
journal=Rolling Stone

*cite web
author=Marsh, David
title=Rosen rapes Rolling Stones
accessdate=November 30
authorlink=Dave Marsh

*cite book
author=Marsh, David with Swenson, John
title=The Rolling Stone Records Guide
publisher=Random House
id=ISBN 0-394-73535-8

*cite book
author=Perry, John
title="Exile on Main Street - The Rolling Stones"
publisher=Schermer Books, New York
id=ISBN 0-8256-7180-9

*cite journal
author=Robinson, Lisa
title="Linda Ronstadt, The Hit Parader Interview",
journal=Hit Parader

*cite book
author=Wyman, Bill
title="Rolling with The Stones"
publisher=DK Publishing, New York
id=ISBN 0-7894-8967-8

External links

* [http://www.rollingstones.com/discog/index.php?v=so&a=1&id=149 Complete Official Lyrics]
* [http://www.ronstadt-linda.com/simple.htm#dice Lyrics for Linda Ronstadt's "Tumbling Dice"]

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