Apollinarism or Apollinarianism was a view proposed by
Apollinaris of Laodicea(died 390) that Jesushad a humanbody and lower soul (the seat of the emotions) but a divine mind. Apollinaris further taught that the souls of men were propagated by other souls, as well as their bodies. The Trinityhad been recognized at the Council of Nicea in 325, but debate about exactly what it meant continued. A rival to the more common belief that Jesus Christ had two natures was monophysitism("one nature"), the doctrine that Christ had only one nature. Apollinarism and Eutychianismwere two forms of monophysitism. Theodoretcharged Apollinaris with confounding the persons of the Godhead, and with giving into the heretical ways of Sabellius. Basilaccused him of abandoning the literal sense of the scripture, and taking up wholly with the allegorical sense. His views were condemned in a Synodat Alexandria, under Athanasius of Alexandria, in 362, and later subdivided into several different heresies, the main ones of which were the Polemians and the Antidicomarianites.
It was declared to be a heresy in 381 by the
First Council of Constantinople, since Christ was officially depicted as fully human and fully God. Followers of Apollinarianism were accused of attempting to create a tertium quid("third thing," neither God nor man).
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01615b.htm Catholic Encyclopedia entry]
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