List of national poets


List of national poets

A national poet or national bard is a poet held by tradition and popular acclaim to represent the identity, beliefs and principles of a particular national culture. The national poet as culture hero is a long-standing symbol, to be distinguished from successive holders of a bureaucratically-appointed poet-laureate office.

Most national poets are historic figures, though a few contemporary writers working in relatively new or revived national literatures are also considered "national poets." Some nations may have more than one national poet; the idea of a single one is always a simplification.

Following is a list of nations, with their associated national poets. It is not a list of sovereign states or countries, though many of the nations listed may also be such. The terms "nation" (as cultural concept), "country" (as geographical concept) and "state" (as political concept) are not synonyms.

Contents

Africa

Asia

Europe

North America

Oceania

South America

By language

Various peoples sometimes use sobriquets to denote certain languages by reference to their associated national poets. Listed below are sobriquets used in the French language. Many of the writers are considered the bards of their respective nations though they were principally dramatists or prose writers.

For the Yiddish language, Mark Warshawsky, Itzik Manger, Mordechai Gebirtig, Abraham Sutzkever are considered "national poets".

Notes

  1. ^ "Early Afghan literature" on culturalprofiles.net
  2. ^ Aparna Chatterjee, Kaazi Nazrul Islam; The National Poet of Bangladesh : A Profile Study on The Literary Shelf, Boloji.com. Accessed 9 March 2007.
  3. ^ Hristo Botev’s birth anniversary, Radio Bulgaria History and Religion, posted January 6, 2007, updated on January 12, 2007, accessed 9 March 2007
  4. ^ Stephanie Sandler, Commemorating Pushkin: Russia's Myth of a National Poet, Stanford University Press (2004) ISBN 0804734488
  5. ^ Daniel Balderston, Mike (2004). Encyclopedia of Latin American and Caribbean Literature, 1900-2003. Routledge. p. 666. ISBN 0415306876. http://books.google.com/books?id=gamNThQUZvEC&pg=PA356&lpg=PA356&dq=ricardo+mir%C3%B3+poet&source=web&ots=oTAnsTKfUM&sig=kbZv1Hbd7zC2IvxkMfu7oP4RFQc. 
  6. ^ James Woodall, Borges: A Life, Basic Books (1996). ISBN 0-465-04361-5. Relevant excerpt available on the New York Times web site, accessed 9 March 2007.

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