Hradec Králové


Hradec Králové

Geobox | Settlement
name = Hradec Králové
native_name =
other_name =
category = City


image_caption =



flag_border = 1
symbol = Hradec_Kralove_CoA_CZ.svg
etymology =
official_name =
motto =
nickname = The Salon of the Republic
country = Czech Republic
country_

state =
region = Hradec Králové
region_type = Region
district = Hradec Králové
district_type = District
municipality =
part =
river = Elbe
river1 = Orlice
location =
elevation = 235
lat_d = 50
lat_m = 12
lat_s = 34
lat_NS = N
long_d = 15
long_m = 50
long_s = 00
long_EW = E
highest =
highest_elevation =
highest_lat_d =
highest_long_d =
lowest =
lowest_elevation =
lowest_lat_d =
lowest_long_d =
area = 105.61
area_round = 2
population = 94255
population_date = 2006
population_density = auto
established = 1225
established_type = Founded
mayor = Otakar Divíšek (

map_background = Czechia - background map.png map_caption = Location in the Czech Republic
map_locator = Czechia
commons = Hradec Králové
statistics =
website = [http://www.hradeckralove.org/en.html www.hradeckralove.org]
footnotes =
established1_type =

Hradec Králové ( Audio-IPA|Cs-Hradec Kralove.ogg| [ˈɦradɛts ˈkraːlovɛː] , _de. Königgrätz; meaning "Castle of the Queen") is a city of the Czech Republic, in the Hradec Králové Region of Bohemia. The city's economy is based on food-processing technology, photochemical, and electronics manufacture. Traditional industries include musical instrument manufacturing - the best known being PETROF pianos. There is the University of Hradec Králové and Charles University in Prague has a medical school [cite web|url=http://www.lfhk.cuni.cz/start.asp?nLanguageID=2|title=Medical School] and a pharmaceutical department [cite web|url=http://www.faf.cuni.cz/eng_default.asp|title=Pharmacy School] in the city.

History

The city is situated in the centre of a very fertile region called the "Golden Road" on the confluence of Elbe and Orlice and contains many buildings of historical and architectural interest. The cathedral was founded in 1303 by Elizabeth, wife of Wenceslaus II, and the church of St. John, built in 1710, stands on the ruins of the old castle. During 1920s and 1930s the city grew rapidly and due to many buildings of modern architecture Hradec Králové became known as the "Salon of the Republic".

The original name of Hradec Králové, one of the oldest settlements in the Czech Republic, was "Hradec" (the Castle); "Králové" (of the queen) was affixed when it became one of the dowry towns of the queen of Wenceslaus II, Elizabeth of Poland, who lived here for thirty years. It remained a dower town till 1620. Hradec Králové was the first of the towns to declare for the national cause during the Hussite Wars. After the Battle of White Mountain (1620) a large part of the Protestant population left the place. In 1639 the town was occupied for eight months by the Swedes. Several churches and convents were pulled down to make way for the fortifications erected under Joseph II. The fortress was finally dismantled in 1884. The decisive battle of the Austro-Prussian War took place, on July 3, 1866 near Hradec Králové.

Since around 1930, the town has been known as "The salon of the republic". This was a nickname given to it by citizens who were spellbound by the unique architecture of Josef Gočár.

Culture

Theatre

Every May, an Air Ambulance Show is held for both the general public and Air Ambulance personnel.Every June is arranged the Theatre of European regions, international theatre festival.

Music

Since 2004, Hip Hop Kemp, one of the biggest European hip hop festivals, is held in August."Jazz goes to town", an international jazz festival, is held in Hradec Králové every October.

Neighbourhoods

Březhrad, Kukleny, Malšova Lhota, Malšovice, Moravské Předměstí, Nový Hradec Králové, Piletice, Plačice, Plácky (Platzka), Plotiště nad Labem, Pouchov, Pražské Předměstí, Roudnička, Rusek, Slatina, Slezské Předměstí, Svinary, Svobodné Dvory, Třebeš, Věkoše

Famous people connected with Hradec Králové

* Markéta Bělonohá, Czech model.
* Josef Čapek, painter, writer and poet.
* Josef Gočár, architect.
* Jiří Horák, 1st Chairman of Czech Social Democratic Party was born here
* Jiří Petr, Rector Emeritus Czech University of Agriculture, Prague.

Twin cities

*flagicon|Italy Alessandria, Italy
*flagicon|Netherlands Arnhem, Netherlands
*flagicon|Slovakia Banská Bystrica, Slovakia
*flagicon|Germany Gießen, Germany
*flagicon|Croatia Kaštela, Croatia
*flagicon|France Metz, France
*flagicon|Poland Wałbrzych, Poland
*flagicon|Poland Wrocław, Poland
*flagicon|Serbia Jagodina, Serbia

There are two cooperating towns:
* Montana, Bulgaria
* Carovigno, Italy

References

External links

* [http://www.hradeckralove.org/en.html Official website]
* [http://www.jazzgoestotown.com/ Jazz goes to Town website]
* [http://hradec-photos.nill.cz/ Photo gallery with a map]


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Look at other dictionaries:

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