- Hradec Králové
Geobox | Settlement
name = Hradec Králové
category = City
flag_border = 1
symbol = Hradec_Kralove_CoA_CZ.svg
nickname = The Salon of the Republic
country = Czech Republic
region = Hradec Králové
region_type = Region
district = Hradec Králové
district_type = District
river = Elbe
river1 = Orlice
elevation = 235
lat_d = 50
lat_m = 12
lat_s = 34
lat_NS = N
long_d = 15
long_m = 50
long_s = 00
long_EW = E
area = 105.61
area_round = 2
population = 94255
population_date = 2006
population_density = auto
established = 1225
established_type = Founded
mayor = Otakar Divíšek (
map_background = Czechia - background map.png
map_caption = Location in the Czech Republic
map_locator = Czechia
commons = Hradec Králové
website = [http://www.hradeckralove.org/en.html www.hradeckralove.org]
Hradec Králové ( Audio-IPA|Cs-Hradec Kralove.ogg| [ˈɦradɛts ˈkraːlovɛː] , _de. Königgrätz; meaning "Castle of the Queen") is a city of the
Czech Republic, in the Hradec Králové Region of Bohemia. The city's economy is based on food-processing technology, photochemical, and electronics manufacture. Traditional industries include musical instrument manufacturing - the best known being PETROF pianos. There is the University of Hradec Královéand Charles Universityin Prague has a medical school [cite web|url=http://www.lfhk.cuni.cz/start.asp?nLanguageID=2|title=Medical School] and a pharmaceutical department [cite web|url=http://www.faf.cuni.cz/eng_default.asp|title=Pharmacy School] in the city.
The city is situated in the centre of a very fertile region called the "Golden Road" on the confluence of
Elbeand Orliceand contains many buildings of historical and architectural interest. The cathedral was founded in 1303 by Elizabeth, wife of Wenceslaus II, and the church of St. John, built in 1710, stands on the ruins of the old castle. During 1920s and 1930s the city grew rapidly and due to many buildings of modern architecture Hradec Králové became known as the "Salon of the Republic".
The original name of Hradec Králové, one of the oldest settlements in the Czech Republic, was "Hradec" (the Castle); "Králové" (of the queen) was affixed when it became one of the
dowry towns of the queen of Wenceslaus II, Elizabeth of Poland, who lived here for thirty years. It remained a dower town till 1620. Hradec Králové was the first of the towns to declare for the national cause during the Hussite Wars. After the Battle of White Mountain(1620) a large part of the Protestant population left the place. In 1639 the town was occupied for eight months by the Swedes. Several churches and convents were pulled down to make way for the fortifications erected under Joseph II. The fortress was finally dismantled in 1884. The decisive battle of the Austro-Prussian Wartook place, on July 3, 1866near Hradec Králové.
Since around 1930, the town has been known as "The salon of the republic". This was a nickname given to it by citizens who were spellbound by the unique architecture of
Every May, an
Air Ambulance Showis held for both the general public and Air Ambulancepersonnel.Every June is arranged the Theatre of European regions, international theatre festival.
Hip Hop Kemp, one of the biggest European hip hopfestivals, is held in August."Jazz goes to town", an international jazz festival, is held in Hradec Králové every October.
Březhrad, Kukleny, Malšova Lhota, Malšovice, Moravské Předměstí, Nový Hradec Králové, Piletice, Plačice, Plácky (Platzka), Plotiště nad Labem, Pouchov, Pražské Předměstí, Roudnička, Rusek, Slatina, Slezské Předměstí, Svinary, Svobodné Dvory, Třebeš, Věkoše
Famous people connected with Hradec Králové
Markéta Bělonohá, Czech model.
Josef Čapek, painter, writerand poet.
Josef Gočár, architect.
Jiří Horák, 1st Chairman of Czech Social Democratic Partywas born here
Jiří Petr, Rector Emeritus Czech University of Agriculture, Prague.
Banská Bystrica, Slovakia
There are two cooperating towns:
* [http://www.hradeckralove.org/en.html Official website]
* [http://www.jazzgoestotown.com/ Jazz goes to Town website]
* [http://hradec-photos.nill.cz/ Photo gallery with a map]
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См. также в других словарях:
Hradec Kralove — Hradec Králové … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hradec Kralové — Hradec Králové … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hradec Králové — Hradec Králové … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hradec Králové — Héraldique … Wikipédia en Français
Hradec Kralove — Hradec Králové Hradec Králové Héraldique … Wikipédia en Français
Hradec Králové — (spr. radetz), tschech. Name von Königgrätz (s. d.) … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Hradec Králové — [ hradɛts kraːlɔvɛː], Stadt in der Tschechischen Republik, Königgrätz … Universal-Lexikon
Hradec Králové — [hrä′dets krä′lō̂ ve] city in N Czech Republic: in a battle at nearby Sadová (1866), the Prussians defeated the Austrians; pop. 162,000 … English World dictionary
Hradec Králové — Edificio en Hradec Králové. Hradec Králové (en alemán Königgrätz) es una ciudad, la capital de región de Hradec Králové en la República Checa. Situada en el norte del país, a orillas del río Elba. Tiene aproximadamente 350.000 habitantes. En sus… … Wikipedia Español
Hradec Kralove — Original name in latin Hradec Krlov Name in other language Chrantek Kralobe, Gradec Kralove, Gradec Kralove, Gradec Kralove, Gradets Kralove, Gradets Kralove, Hradec Kralove, Hradec Kralov Hradec Krlov Khradec Kralove, Koeniggraetz, Kniggrtz,… … Cities with a population over 1000 database