Bishop of Lichfield


Bishop of Lichfield

Bishopric
bishopric=Lichfield


province=Canterbury
diocese=Lichfield
founded=7th century
incumbent=Jonathan Gledhill
The Bishop of Lichfield is the Ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Lichfield in the Province of Canterbury. The diocese covers 4,516 km² (1,744 sq. mi.) of the counties of Staffordshire, Shropshire, Warwickshire and West Midlands. The bishop's seat is located in the Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint Chad in the city of Lichfield. The Bishop's residence is Bishop's House, Lichfield. In the past, the title has had various forms (see below). The present bishop is the Right Reverend Jonathan Gledhill, the 98th Lord Bishop of Lichfield, who signs "Jonathan Lichfield".

History

The diocese of Mercia was founded 656 by Saint Diuma with its see at Repton. When Saint Chad was made Bishop in 669, he moved his seat to Lichfield, thus the diocese was named after that city. In 691, the area over which the bishop held authority was divided to form the smaller dioceses of Lichfield, Leicester, Lindsey, Worcester and Hereford.

It was briefly the seat of an archbishop under Higbert from 787 to 799 (officially dissolved in 803) during the ascendancy of the kingdom of Mercia. Offa, King of Mercia seemed to resent his own bishops paying allegiance to the Archbishop of Canterbury in Kent who, whilst under Offa's control, was not of his own kingdom of Mercia. Offa therefore created his own archbishopric in Lichfield, who presided over all the bishops from the Humber to the Thames, in 786, with the consent of Pope Adrian I. The Pope's official representatives were received warmly by Offa and were present at the Council of Chelsea (787), often called 'the contentious synod', where it was proposed that the Archbishopric of Canterbury be restricted in order to make way for Offa's new archbishop. It was vehemently opposed, but Offa and the papal representatives defeated Archbishop Jaenbert, installing Higbert as the new Archbishop of Lichfield. Pope Adrian sent Higbert his ceremonial garment, obviously denoting his support for this move. In gratitude, Offa promised to send an annual shipment of gold to the pope for alms and supplying the lights in St. Peter's church in Rome. However the Archbishopric of Lichfield only lasted for 16 years, ending after Offa's death, when at the Fifth Council of Clovesho it was restored to Archbishop Æthelhard of Canterbury by Pope Leo III.

The bishop's seat was briefly moved to Chester in 1075, but by 1102 was in Coventry. From 1228, Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield became the official title with seats at both cathedrals, though various older names remained in common usage.

After the Reformation of the 1530s, Coventry Cathedral was demolished, and after the Restoration of Charles II in 1660 the bishop used the style Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry. In 1837, the ancient bishopric was divided. The archdeaconry of Coventry (comprising northern and eastern Warwickshire) was transferred to the see of Worcester and the style Bishop of Lichfield adopted.

References

* Beresford, W. (n.d.). "Diocesan Histories: Lichfield". London: SPCK
* Cahill, M. (2001). "The diocese of Coventry and Lichfield 1603–1642". PhD dissertation. University of Warwick.
* Cooper, T. N. (1994). "Oligarchy and conflict : Lichfield Cathedral clergy in the early sixteenth century" in 'Midland History', 19, 40–57.
* Haydn, Joseph. (1894). "Haydn's Book of Dignities (1894)". Horace Ockerby.
* Stenton, Frank M. (1971) "Anglo-Saxon England (Third Edition)". Oxford University Press
* Whittaker, James. (2004). "Whitaker's Almanack 1883 to 2004". A & C Black, London.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thomas Wood (bishop of Lichfield and Coventry) — Thomas Wood (1607–1692) was an English churchman, Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry from 1671 to 1692. Life Thomas was the third son of Thomas Wood (1565–1649) and Susanna Cranmer (1570–1650). In then fashionable Hackney, where his grandfather… …   Wikipedia

  • Witta (Bishop of Lichfield) — NOTOC Infobox bishopbiog name =Witta religion =Catholic See =Diocese of Lichfield Title = Bishop of Lichfield Period = 737 ndash;c750 Predecessor = Aldwini Successor =Hemele ordination = bishops = post = date of birth = place of birth = date of… …   Wikipedia

  • Lichfield — Not to be confused with Litchfield (disambiguation). For other uses, see Lichfield (disambiguation). Coordinates: 52°41′01″N 1°49′36″W / 52.6835°N 1.82653°W …   Wikipedia

  • Lichfield Cathedral — Infobox UK cathedral building name =Lichfield Cathedral infobox width = image size = caption =The West Front of Lichfield Cathedral map type = map size = map caption = location =Lichfield full name =Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary and …   Wikipedia

  • Bishop of Coventry — The Bishop of Coventry is the Ordinary of the England Diocese of Coventry in the Province of Canterbury. In the Middle Ages, the Bishop of Coventry was a title used by the bishops known today as the Bishop of Lichfield. The present diocese covers …   Wikipedia

  • Bishop of Chester — The Bishop of Chester is the Ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Chester in the Province of York.The diocese expands across most of the historic county boundaries of Cheshire, including the Wirral Peninsula and has its see in the City of …   Wikipedia

  • Lichfield Gospels — The Lichfield Gospels (also known as the Chad Gospels, the Book of Chad, the Gospels of St. Chad, St. Teilo Gospels, the Llandeilo Gospels, and numerous variations on these) is an eighth century Insular Gospel Book housed in Lichfield Cathedral.… …   Wikipedia

  • Bishop of Grahamstown — The Bishop of Grahamstown is the bishop of the Anglican Church of Southern Africa in the Diocese of Grahamstown, which encompasses the area around Grahamstown, South Africa and is located in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa.The seat of… …   Wikipedia

  • Lichfield — • This diocese took its rise in the conversion of Mercia by St. Cedd and his three companions in 652 and subsequent years Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Lichfield     Lichfield …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Bishop of Bangor — Bishopric Anglican …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.