- Earl of Sandwich
Earl of Sandwich is a title in the
Peerage of England. It was created in 1660 for the prominent naval commander Admiral Sir Edward Montagu. He was made Baron Montagu, of St Neots in the County of Huntingdon, and Viscount Hinchingbrooke, at the same time, also in the Peerage of England. The viscountcy is used as the courtesy titleby the heir apparent to the earldom. A member of the prominent Montagu family, Lord Sandwich was the son of Sir Sidney Montagu, youngest brother of Henry Montagu, 1st Earl of Manchester(from whom the Dukes of Manchester descends) and Edward Montagu, 1st Baron Montagu of Boughton (from whom the Dukes of Montagu descended).
His great-grandson, the fourth Earl, was a prominent statesman and served as
First Lord of the Admiraltyand as Secretary of State for the Northern Department. Lord Sandwich is also remembered for sponsoring the voyages of discovery made by Captain James Cook, who named the Sandwich Islandsin his honour, and as the namesake of the sandwich. He was succeeded by his son, the fifth Earl. He sat as Member of Parliamentfor Brackley and Huntingdonshire and served as Vice-Chamberlain of the Householdand as Master of the Buckhounds. His son, the sixth Earl, also represented Huntingdonshire in Parliament. He was succeeded by his son, the seventh Earl. He held office in the first two Conservative administrations of the Earl of Derby as Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Armsand Master of the Buckhounds and was also Lord Lieutenant of Huntingdonshire. His eldest son, the eighth Earl, represented Huntingdon in the House of Commons as a Conservative and served as Lord Lieutenant of Huntingdonshire. He was succeeded by his nephew, the ninth Earl. He was the son of Rear-Admiral the Hon. Victor Alexander Montagu, second son of the seventh Earl. Lord Sandwich was Member of Parliament for Huntingdon and Lord Lieutenant of Huntingdonshire.
His son, the tenth Earl, represented Dorset South in Parliament as a Conservative from 1941 to 1962, when he succeeded his father in the earldom and had to resign his seat in the House of Commons and enter the
House of Lords. He disclaimed his peerages in 1964 but never returned to the House of Commons. As of 2007 the titles are held by his eldest son, the eleventh Earl, who succeeded in 1995. Lord Sandwich is one of the ninety elected hereditary peers that remain in the House of Lords after the passing of the House of Lords Act 1999, and sits as a cross-bencher.
The family seat is today at
Mappertonin Dorset. From the 17th century until the 1960s the family also owned Hinchingbrooke Housein Huntingdonshire, from which the title Viscount Hinchingbrooke was derived.
Some historical papers of the family and its Hinchingbrooke estate are held by
Cambridgeshire Archives and Local Studiesat the County Record Office Huntingdon.
Earls of Sandwich (1660)
Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich(1625-1672)
Edward Montagu, 2nd Earl of Sandwich(1644-1689)
Edward Montagu, 3rd Earl of Sandwich(1670-1729)
John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich(1718-1792)
John Montagu, 5th Earl of Sandwich(1744-1814)
*George John Montagu, 6th Earl of Sandwich (1773-1818)
*John William Montagu, 7th Earl of Sandwich (1811-1884)
*Edward George Henry Montagu, 8th Earl of Sandwich (1839-1916)
*George Charles Montagu, 9th Earl of Sandwich (1874-1962)
*(Alexander) Victor Edward Paulet Montagu, 10th Earl of Sandwich (1906-1995) (disclaimed 1964)
*John Edward Hollister Montagu, 11th Earl of Sandwich (b. 1943)
Heir Apparentis the present holder's son Luke Timothy Charles Montagu, Viscount Hinchingbrooke (b. 5 December 1969).
Duke of Manchester
Duke of Montagu
*Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). "Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage" (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.
* [http://www.angeltowns.com/town/peerage/ Leigh Rayment's Peerage Page]
* [http://www.thepeerage.com/ www.thepeerage.com]
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Earl of Sandwich — Edward Montagu, 1. Earl of Sandwich Earl of Sandwich ist ein erblicher britischer Adelstitel in der Peerage of England, benannt nach der Stadt Sandwich in England, der von der Familie Montague getragen wird. Der Stammsitz der Familie liegt bei… … Deutsch Wikipedia
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John Montagu, 4. Earl of Sandwich — (* 3. November 1718; † 30. April 1792) war ein britischer Diplomat und Staatsmann. Er ist heute vor allem bekannt durch das nach ihm benannte belegte Brot, das Sandwich. John Montagu, 4. Earl of Sandwich … Deutsch Wikipedia
Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich — Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich, KG (27 July 1625 ndash; 28 May 1672) was an English Infantry officer who later became a naval officer. He was the only surviving son of Sir Sidney Montagu, and was brought up at Hinchingbrooke House. He… … Wikipedia
John Montagu, 11th Earl of Sandwich — John Edward Hollister Montagu, 11th Earl of Sandwich (born April 11 1943) is a British entrepreneur, politician and nobleman.Montagu is the eldest son of Victor Montagu, who disclaimed the earldom of Sandwich in 1964, and his first wife Maud… … Wikipedia
Edward Montagu, 2nd Earl of Sandwich — (3 January, 1647/48 ndash; 29 November, 1688) [ There is a 17 year difference for the date of death at [http://www.boyle.family.btinternet.co.uk/a1644.html boylefamily] ] was born in Hinchinbrooke, Huntingdonshire, England to Edward Montagu, 1st… … Wikipedia
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