- Grise Fiord, Nunavut
official_name = Grise Fiord
native_name = Aujuittuq
image_caption = Looking north over Grise Fiord
mapsize = 200px
map_caption = Map showing location of Grise Fiord
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = CAN
subdivision_type1 = Territory
subdivision_name1 = NU
government_type = Grise Fiord Council
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Jarloo Kiguktak
established_title = Settled
established_date = 1953
area_total_km2 = 332.70
population_as_of = 2006
population_footnotes = [ [http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/profiles/community/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=6204025&Geo2=PR&Code2=62&Data=Count&SearchText=Resolute&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All Population and dwelling counts] ]
population_total = 141
population_density_km2 = 0.4
timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd=76 |latm=25 |lats=03 |latNS=N
longd=82 |longm=53 |longs=38 |longEW=W
elevation_m = 32
Canadian Postal code
postal_code = X0A
area_code = 867
blank_info = 980
blank1_name = GNBC Code
blank1_info = OAGQA
blank2_name = NTS Map
blank2_info = 011D12
website = [http://www.grisefiord.ca]
Grise Fiord, (Aujuittuq Place That Never Thaws) is a small
Inuithamlet, Qikiqtaaluk Regionin the territory of Nunavut, Canada.
Grise Fiord is the northernmost civilian settlement in
North America, but was eclipsed by Alert as the North America's northernmost community when Environment Canadaand the Canadian Forcesbegan to station permanent personnel there.
Located at the southern tip of
Ellesmere Island, Grise Fiord is one of three permanent settlements on the island. Grise Fiord lies 1160 km (720 miles) north of the Arctic Circle.
Grise Fiord lies in the
Arctic Cordillera mountain rangewhich is the only major mountain system east of the Canadian Rockies.
Grise Fiord is connected to the rest of the world by
Grise Fiord Airport.
The climate in Grise Fiord is severely cold. Grise Fiord has an arctic climate, which means that there is less than 250 mm precipitation, and temperature stays well below zero
Celsiusfor more than eight months of the year.
The lowest recorded temperature in Grise Fiord was -62.2 °C (-79.6 oF). The highest was 22.3 °C (72.1 oF). Fact|date=February 2007
Crime and safety
Simon Fraser Universitystudy of Royal Canadian Mounted Police(RCMP) activity in the Baffin Region states that Grise Fiord had the lowest rate of criminal offences of all communities looked at in 1992, [Curt Taylor Griffiths, Gregory Saville, Darryl S. Wood, and Evelyn Zellerer. "POLICING THE BAFFIN REGION, N.W.T.: Findings From the Eastern Arctic Crime and Justice Study", 1995 [http://www.justiceexpert.com/pdfs/Policing%20in%20the%20Arctic.pdf] ] and cites a 1994 Statistics Canadasurvey that gives the highest perception of personal safety. ["AboriginalPeoples Survey", Statistics Canada, 1994, cited on p17 of Curt Taylor Griffiths, Gregory Saville, Darryl S. Wood, and Evelyn Zellerer, "POLICING THE BAFFIN REGION, N.W.T.: Findings From the Eastern Arctic Crime and Justice Study" [http://www.justiceexpert.com/pdfs/Policing%20in%20the%20Arctic.pdf] ]
The settlement (and Resolute) was created by the Canadian government in 1953 to assert sovereignty in the High Arctic during the
Cold War. Eight Inuit families from Inukjuak, Quebec(on the Ungava Peninsula) were relocated after being promised homes and game to hunt, but the relocated people discovered no buildings and very little familiar wildlife. [ [http://www.grisefiord.ca/eng/history.html Grise Fiord: History] ] They were told that they would be returned home after a year if they wished, but this offer was later withdrawn as it would damage Canada's claims to sovereignty in the area and the Inuit were forced to stay. Eventually, the Inuit learned the local beluga whalemigration routes and were able to survive in the area, hunting over a range of 18,000 km² (6,950 mi²) each year. [McGrath, Melanie. "The Long Exile: A Tale of Inuit Betrayal and Survival in the High Arctic". Alfred A. Knopf, 2006 (268 pages) Hardcover: ISBN 0007157967 Paperback: ISBN 0007157975] .
In 1993, the Canadian government held hearings to investigate the relocation program. The
Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoplescalled the relocation "one of the worst human rightsviolations in the history of Canada". [ "The High Arctic Relocation: A Report on the 1953-55 Relocation" by René Dussault and George Erasmus, produced by the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, published by Canadian Government Publishing, 1994 (190 pages) [http://www.fedpubs.com/subject/aborig/arctic_reloc.htm] ] The government paid $10 million CAD to the survivors and their families, but as of 2007 has yet to apologize. [cite news
last = Royte
first = Elizabeth
title = Trail of Tears
work = The New York Times
date = 2007-04-08
url = http://www.nytimes.com/2007/04/08/books/review/Royte.t.html?ex=1188964800&en=4b6eb6a89d7e85dd&ei=5070
accessdate = ]
Bell Canadaestablished what was then the world's most northerly telephoneexchange (operated since 1992 by Northwestel).
Grise Fiord was named by
Otto Sverdrupfrom Norway. The name means "pig inlet" in Norwegian. Grise Fiord's Inuitname is "Aujuittuq" which means "place that never thaws."
Other settlements on Ellesmere Island
* [http://www.grisefiord.ca/eng/index.html Grise Fiord HomePage]
* [http://www.nytimes.com/2007/04/08/books/review/Royte.t.html?ex=1188964800&en=4b6eb6a89d7e85dd&ei=5070 Book review of "The Long Exile"]
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