Multiple cropping


Multiple cropping

In agriculture, multiple cropping is the practice of growing two or more crops in the same space during a single growing season. [1] It is a form of polyculture. It can take the form of double-cropping, in which a second crop is planted after the first has been harvested, or relay cropping, in which the second crop is started amidst the first crop before it has been harvested. A related practice, companion planting, is sometimes used in gardening and intensive cultivation of vegetables and fruits. One example of multi-cropping is tomatoes + onions + marigold; the marigolds repel some tomato pests.

Multiple cropping is found in many agricultural traditions. In the Garhwal Himalaya of India, a practice called baranaja involves sowing 12 or more crops on the same plot, including various types of beans, grams, and millets, and harvesting them at different times.

In the cultivation of rice, multiple cropping requires effective irrigation, especially in areas with a dry season. Rain that falls during the wet season permits the cultivation of rice during that period, but during the other half of the year, water cannot be channeled into the rice fields without an irrigation system. [2] The Green Revolution in Asia led to the development of high-yield varieties of rice, which required a substantially shorter growing season of 100 days, as opposed to traditional varieties, which needed 150 to 180 days. Due to this, multiple cropping became more prevalent in Asian countries. [3]

According to the Government-owned North Korean news outlet KCNA, the late Kim Il Sung had a "profound knowledge of double cropping". Kim allegedly "tested double cropping in the experimental fields belonging to his residence for years in his lifetime". [4]

One kind of multiple cropping is intercropping, where an additional crop is planted in the spaces available between the main crop. [5]

See also

References

  1. ^ Bunnett, R.B. (2002). Interactive Geography 4, p. 98. SNP Pan Pacific Publishing. ISBN 981-208-657-9.
  2. ^ Bunnett, p. 104.
  3. ^ Bunnett, p. 107.
  4. ^ "Story of Kim Il Sung". KCNA. Dated November 23 2010, retrieved November 24 2010.
  5. ^ Bunnett, p. 123.

External links



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