- Mean squared prediction error
In statistics the mean squared prediction error of a smoothing procedure is the expected sum of squared deviations of the fitted values from the (unobservable) function g. If the smoothing procedure has operator matrix L, then
The MSPE can be decomposed into two terms just like mean squared error is decomposed into bias and variance; however for MSPE one term is the sum of squared biases of the fitted values and another the sum of variances of the fitted values:
Note that knowledge of g is required in order to calculate MSPE exactly.
Estimation of MSPE
For the model yi = g(xi) + σεi where , one may write
The first term is equivalent to
If σ2 is known or well-estimated by , it becomes possible to estimate MSPE by
Colin Mallows advocated this method in the construction of his model selection statistic Cp, which is a normalized version of the estimated MSPE:
where p comes from that fact that the number of parameters p estimated for a parametric smoother is given by , and C is in honor of Cuthbert Daniel.
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