- IDBI Bank
company_name = Industrial Development Bank of India Ltd.
foundation = 1964
location = flagicon|India
key_people = Yogesh Agarwal —
num_employees = 7500
homepage = [http://www.idbibank.com www.idbibank.com] The Industrial Development Bank of India Limited commonly known by its acronym IDBI is one of
India's leading public sector banks and 4th largest Bank in overall ratings. RBI categorised IDBI as "other public sector bank".It was established in 1964 by an Act of Parliamentto provide credit and other facilities for the development of the fledgling Indian industry. It is currently the tenth largest development bank in the world. Some of the institutions built by IDBI are The National Stock Exchange of India(NSE), The National Securities Depository Services Ltd. (NSDL) and the Stock Holding Corporation of India(SHCIL) IDBI BANK , as a private bank after government policy for new generation private banks.
To meet emerging challenges and to keep up with reforms in financial sector, IDBI has taken steps to reshape its role from a development finance institution to a commercial institution. With the "Industrial Development Bank (Transfer of Undertaking and Repeal) Act", 2003, IDBI attained the status of a limited company viz. "Industrial Development Bank of India Limited" (IDBIL). Subsequently, the Central Government notified
October 1, 2004as the 'Appointed Date' and RBI issued the requisite notification on September 30, 2004incorporating IDBI Ltd. as a 'scheduled bank' under the "RBI Act", 1934. Consequently, IDBI, the erstwhile Development Financial Institution of the country, formally entered the portals of banking business as IDBIL from October 1, 2004, over and above the business currently being transacted.
The Private banking arm, "idbi bank" was merged into IDBI. The IDBI BANK was one of the fastest growing companies in India. The Banking arm was technologically driven, customer focussed entity. IDBI got the platform of its private banking arm to reform itself into a competitive entity.
As of July, 2006 the employees association of the
IFCIhave sought its merger with the idbi
Overview of development banking in India
The concept of development banking rose only after
Second World War, successive of the Great Depressionin 1930s. The demand for reconstruction funds for the affected nations compelled in setting up a worldwide institution for reconstructions. As a result the IBRD was set up in 1945 as a worldwide institution for development and reconstruction. This concept has been widened all over the world and resulted in setting up of large number of banks around the world which coordinating the developmental activities of different nations with different objectives among the world. The Narashimam committee had recommended to give up its direct financing functions and to perform only the promotional and refinancing role. However it is the S.H.Khan committee appointed by RBI has reconted to transform the DFI (development finance institution) into universal bankings institutions.
The course of development of financial institutions and markets during the post-Independence period was largely guided by the process of planned development pursued in India with emphasis on mobilisation of savings and channelising investment to meet Plan priorities. At the time of Independence in 1947, India had a fairly well-developed banking system. The adoption of bank dominated financial development strategy was aimed at meeting the sectoral credit needs, particularly of agriculture and industry. Towards this end, the Reserve Bank concentrated on regulating and developing mechanisms for institution building. The commercial banking network was expanded to cater to the requirements of general banking and for meeting the short-term working capital requirements of industry and agriculture. Specialised development financial institutions (DFIs) such as the IDBI, NABARD, NHB and SIDBI, etc., with majority ownership of the Reserve Bank were set up to meet the long-term financing requirements of industry and agriculture. To facilitate the growth of these institutions, a mechanism to provide concessional finance to these institutions was also put in place by the Reserve Bank.
The first development bank In India incorporated immediately after independence in 1948 under the Industrial Finance Corporation Act as a statutory corporation to pioneer institutional credit to medium and large-scale. Then after in regular intervals the government started new and different development financial institutions to attain the different objectives and helpful to five-year plans. The early history of Indian banking and finance was marked by strong governmental regulation and control. The roots of the national system were in the "State Bank of India Act" of 1955, which nationalized the former Imperial Bank of India and its seven associate banks. In the early days, this national system operated alongside of a large private banking system. Banks were limited in their operational flexibility by the government’s desire to maintain employment in the banking system and were often drawn into troublesome loans in order to further the government’s social goals.
The financial institutions in India were set up under the strong control of both central and state Governments, and the Government utilized these institutions for the achievements in planning and development of the nation as a whole. The all India financial institutions can be classified under four heads according to their economic importance that are:
* All-India Development Banks
* Specialized Financial Institutions
* Investment Institutions
* State-level institutions
* Other institutions
Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI)
The Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI) was established on July 1, 1964 under an Act of Parliament as a wholly owned subsidiary of the Reserve Bank of India. In 16th February 1976, the ownership of IDBI was transferred to the Government of India and it was made the principal financial institution for coordinating the activities of institutions engaged in financing, promoting and developing industry in the country. Although Government shareholding in the Bank came down below 100% following IDBI’s public issue in July 1995, the former continues to be the major shareholder (current shareholding: 52.3%). During the four decades of its existence, IDBI has been instrumental not only in establishing a well-developed, diversified and efficient industrial and institutional structure but also adding a qualitative dimension to the process of industrial development in the country. IDBI has played a pioneering role in fulfilling its mission of promoting industrial growth through financing of medium and long-term projects, in consonance with national plans and priorities. Over the years, IDBI has enlarged its basket of products and services, covering almost the entire spectrum of industrial activities, including manufacturing and services. IDBI provides financial assistance, both in rupee and foreign currencies, for green-field projects as also for expansion, modernisation and diversification purposes. In the wake of financial sector reforms unveiled by the government since 1992, IDBI evolved an array of fund and fee-based services with a view to providing an integrated solution to meet the entire demand of financial and corporate advisory requirements of its clients. IDBI also provides indirect financial assistance by way of refinancing of loans extended by State-level financial institutions and banks and by way of rediscounting of bills of exchange arising out of sale of indigenous machinery on deferred payment terms.
IDBI has played a pioneering role, particularly in the pre-reform era (1964-91),in catalyzing broad based industrial development in the country in keeping with its Government-ordained ‘development banking’ charter. In pursuance of this mandate, IDBI’s activities transcended the confines of pure long-term lending to industry and encompassed, among others, balanced industrial growth through development of backward areas, modernisation of specific industries, employment generation, entrepreneurship development along with support services for creating a deep and vibrant domestic capital market, including development of apposite institutional framework.
Narasimam committeerecommends that IDBI should give up its direct financing functions and concentrate only in promotional and refinancing role. But this recommendation was rejected by the government. Latter RBI constituted a committee under the chairmanship of S.H.Khan to examine the concept of development financing in the changed global challenges. This committee is the first to recommend the concept of universal banking. The committee wanted to the development financial institution to diversify its activity. It recommended to harmonise the role of development financing and banking activities by getting away from the conventional distinction between commercial banking and developmental banking.
In September 2003, IDBI diversified its business domain further by acquiring the entire shareholding of Tata Finance Limited in Tata Home finance Ltd., signaling IDBI’s foray into the retail finance sector. The fully-owned housing finance subsidiary has since been renamed ‘IDBI Home finance Limited’. In view of the signal changes in the operating environment, following initiation of reforms since the early nineties, Government of India has decided to transform IDBI into a commercial bank without eschewing its secular development finance obligations. The migration to the new business model of commercial banking, with its gateway to low-cost current, savings bank deposits, would help overcome most of the limitations of the current business model of development finance while simultaneously enabling it to diversify its client/ asset base. Towards this end, the "IDB (Transfer of Undertaking and Repeal) Act" 2003 was passed by Parliament in December 2003. The Act provides for repeal of IDBI Act, corporatisation of IDBI (with majority Government holding; current share: 58.47%) and transformation into a commercial bank. The provisions of the Act have come into force from
July 2, 2004in terms of a Government Notification to this effect. The Notification facilitated formation, incorporation and registration of Industrial Development Bank of India Ltd. as a company under the "Companies Act", 1956 and a deemed Banking Company under the "Banking Regulation Act" 1949 and helped in obtaining requisite regulatory and statutory clearances, including those from RBI. IDBI would commence banking business in accordance with the provisions of the new Act in addition to the business being transacted under "IDBI Act", 1964 from October 1, 2004, the ‘Appointed Date’ notified by the Central Government. IDBI has firmed up the infrastructure, technology platform and reorientation of its human capital to achieve a smooth transition.
IDBI Bank, with which the parent IDBI was merged, was a vibrant new generation Bank. The Pvt Bank was the fastest growing banking company in India. The bank was pioneer in adapting to policy of first mover in tier 2 cities. The Bank also had the least NPA and the highest productivity per employee in the banking industry.
July 29, 2004, the Board of Directors of IDBI and IDBI Bank accorded in principle approval to the merger of IDBI Bank with the Industrial Development Bank of India Ltd. to be formed incorporated under the "Companies Act", 1956 pursuant to the "IDB (Transfer of Undertaking and Repeal) Act", 2003 (53 of 2003), subject to the approval of shareholders and other regulatory and statutory approvals. A mutually gainful proposition with positive implications for all stakeholders and clients, the merger process is expected to be completed during the current financial year ending March 31, 2005.
The immediate fall out of the merger of IDBI and "idbi bank" was the exit of employees of idbi bank. The cultures in the two organizations have taken its toll. The IDBI BANK now is in a growing fold. With its retail banking arm expanding further after the merger of United western Bank.
IDBI would continue to provide the extant products and services as part of its development finance role even after its conversion into a banking company. In addition, the new entity would also provide an array of wholesale and retail banking products, designed to suit the specific needs cash flow requirements of corporates and individuals. In particular, IDBI would leverage the strong corporate relationships built up over the years to offer customised and total financial solutions for all corporate business needs, single-window appraisal for term loans and working capital finance, strategic advisory and “hand-holding” support at the implementation phase of projects, among others.
IDBI’s transformation into a commercial bank would provide a gateway to low-cost deposits like Current and Savings Bank Deposits. This would have a positive impact on the Bank’s overall cost of funds and facilitate lending at more competitive rates to its clients. The new entity would offer various retail products, leveraging upon its existing relationship with retail investors under its existing Suvidha Flexi-bond schemes. In the emerging scenario, the new IDBI hopes to realize its mission of positioning itself as a one stop super-shop and most preferred brand for providing total financial and banking solutions to corporates and individuals, capitalising on its intimate knowledge of the Indian industry and client requirements and large retail base on the liability side.
IDBI upholds the highest standards of corporate governance in its operations. The responsibility for maintaining these high standards of governance lies with its Board of Directors. Two Committees of the Board viz. the Executive Committee and the Audit Committee are adequately empowered to monitor implementation of good corporate governance practices and making necessary disclosures within the framework of legal provisions and banking conventions.
Industrial Investment Bank of India Ltd.
The industrial investment bank of India is one of oldest banks in India. The Industrial Reconstruction Corporation of India Ltd., set up in 1971 for rehabilitation of sick industrial companies, was reconstituted as Industrial Reconstruction Bank of India in 1985 under the "IRBI Act", 1984. With a view to converting the institution into a full-fledged development financial institution, IRBI was incorporated under the "Companies Act", 1956, as Industrial Investment Bank of India Ltd. (IIBI) in March 1997. IIBI offers a wide range of products and services, including term loan assistance for project finance, short duration non-project asset-backed financing, working capital/ other short-term loans to companies, equity subscription, asset credit, equipment finance as also investments in capital market and money market instruments.
In view of certain structural and financial problems adversely impacting its long-term viability, IIBI submitted a financial restructuring proposal to the Government of India on
July 25, 2003. IIBI has since received certain directives from the Government of India, which, inter alias, include restricting fresh lending to existing clients approved cases rated corporates, restrictions on fresh borrowings, an action plan to reduce the overhead expenditure, disposal of fixed assets and a time-bound plan for asset recovery/reconstruction. The Government of India has also given its approval for the merger of IIBI with IDBI and the latter has already started the due diligence process.
* [http://www.idbibank.com/ IDBI Bank official website]
* http://www.idbicapital.com / IDBI Capital Market Services Website
* [http://www.pr-inside.com/bits-pilani-rajasthan-alumnus-takes-over-r175717.htm BITS Pilani Rajasthan Alumnus takes over as IDBI Chairman]
* [http://www.idbi.com/idbi/idbirep.asp Industrial Development Bank (Transfer of Undertaking and Repeal) Act, 2003]
* [http://www.infosys.com/finacle/pdf/idbi.pdf Finacle Success Story on IDBI Bank]
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