Androcentrism


Androcentrism

Androcentrism (Greek, "andro-", "man, male") is the practice, conscious or otherwise, of placing male human beings or the masculine point of view at the center of one's view of the world and its culture and history. The related adjective is androcentric, while the opposite of androcentrism is gynocentrism.

The term androcentrism has been introduced as an analytic concept by Charlotte Perkins Gilman in the scientific debate. Perkins Gilman described androcentric practises in society and the resulting problems in her investigation on "The Man-Made World; or, Our Androcentric Culture", published in 1911. Thus androcentrism can be understood as a societal fixation on masculinity. According to Perkins Gilman, masculine patterns of life and masculine mindsets claimed universality while female ones were considered as deviance.

Male and female education

In the past boys and men were expected to have better formal education than girls and women. Before universal literacy girls and women were less frequently able to read and write than boys and men were. Therefore written material tended to reflect the male point of view. This may be true in the Third World today. Well into the second half of the 20th Century young men entered University far more frequently than young women. Some universities consciously practised a Numerus Clausus and restricted the number of female undergraduates they accepted. Therefore “Educated Opinion” risked being androcentric. Today women in advanced countries have far better access to education.

Literature

* Harding, Sandra and Merrill B. Hintikka, ed. "Discovering Reality: Feminist Perspectives on Epistemology, Metaphysics, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science". 1983.
* Harding, Sandra. "Whose Science? Whose Knowledge?: Thinking from Women's Lives". 1991.
* Fox Keller, Evelyn. "Reflections on Gender and Science". Yale University Press, 1985.
* Harding, Sandra. "The Science Question in Feminism". 1986.
* Ruth Ginzberg, “Uncovering Gynocentric Science,” in "Feminism and Science", ed. Nancy Tuana, (Bloomington, IN: IUP, 1989): 69-84

ee also

* Anthropocentrism
* Chauvinism
* Egocentrism
* Ethnocentrism
* Eurocentrism
* Gynocentrism
* Kyriocentrism
* Masculinity
* Matriarchy
* Misandry
* Misogyny
* Patriarchy

External links

*http://www.sociologyprofessor.com/socialtheories/androcentrism.php Androcentrism]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • androcentrism — (n.) 1915; see ANDROCENTRIC (Cf. androcentric) + ISM (Cf. ism) …   Etymology dictionary

  • androcentrism —    This term (from the Greek andro , meaning man or male and kentron, meaning point or center ), in general, refers to a position that focuses on man as the center of the world. In theology, the term has a double sense; first, androcentrism may… …   Glossary of theological terms

  • androcentrism — noun see androcentric …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • androcentrism — See androcentric. * * * …   Universalium

  • androcentrism — noun An ideological focus on males and men, and issues affecting them, possibly to the detriment of non males. Ant: gynocentric See Also: phallocentric, phallogocentric …   Wiktionary

  • androcentrism — андроцентризм …   Термины гендерных исследований

  • androcentrism — n. practice of placing emphasis on masculine interests or viewpoints …   English contemporary dictionary

  • androcentrism —    A specifically male anthropocentrism. A typical, though simple example is the use of the pronoun he to refer to both genders. Also see Afrocentrism, ethnocentrism, Eurocentrism, feminism, gender issues, and isms and ism …   Glossary of Art Terms

  • androcentrism — an·dro·cen·trism …   English syllables

  • androcentrism —  Андроцентризм …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов


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