- Prince Alfred's Guard
Prince Alfred's Guard (PAG) is an
infantry regimentof the South African Army. As a reserve unit, it has a status roughly equivalent to that of a British Territorial Armyor United States Army National Guardunit. The Regiment is located in the city of Port Elizabeth.
Prince Alfred's Guard was established on
19 September 1856as the "Port Elizabeth Volunteer Rifle Corps". In 1860 the title "Prince Alfred's Guard" was assumed unofficially (after Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh) and on 11 July 1874this name was officially sanctioned as "Prince Alfred's Volunteer Guard". The name was later changed to "Prince Alfred's Guard".
The Regiment first saw action on
2 December 1877, against the Gcalekatribesmen in the Battle of Umzintzaniduring the Ninth Frontier War. The next conflict that the PAG participated in was the BasutolandCampaign of 1880 to 1881, during which a 500 metre bayonetcharge by the Regiment which led to the capture of the village of Lerotholi, an enemy village. The Regiment also took part in the BechuanalandCampaign of 1897.
The Regiment also served in the
Second Anglo-Boer Warof 1899 to 1902 - as mounted infantry- and took part in campaigns in the Orange Free Stateand the South African Republic.
Members of the PAG volunteered for service in
World War I, but there was dissension in the ranks after a long deployment on sentry duty in Cape Town. As a result the contingent was disbanded and most of its members saw active service during the war in other South African units.
In 1913 the regiment was redesignated the "3rd Infantry Regiment (Prince Alfred's Guard)" of the
Active Citizen Forceof the Union Defence Force, but regained its former name in 1934.
World War II, the regiment first served as link battalionfor the 2nd Brigade, South African Infantry in North Africa, sending drafts of men to the fighting units, among which many went to the Field Force Battalion. The PAG was subsequently converted to an armoured unit and saw further active service with the 11th South African Armoured Brigade, South African 6th Armoured Divisionin Italyas a tankunit.
The PAG also took part in the many skirmishes making up South Africa's "Border War" during the post-war period.
*The "Prince Alfred's Guard Museum" in Port Elizabeth houses military exhibits in the Regiment's Victorian Drill Hall (built in 1880). It is a national monument and one of the finest surviving examples of its type.
The Royal Highland Fusiliers
Transkei1877 - 1878
Basutoland1880 - 1881
*South Africa 1899 - 1902
*Italy 1944 - 1945
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