Albrecht Kossel


Albrecht Kossel

Infobox Scientist
name = Albrecht Kossel
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image_width =150px
caption = Albrecht Kossel
birth_date = September 16, 1853
birth_place = Rostock
death_date = July 5, 1927
death_place =
residence =
citizenship =
nationality = German
ethnicity =
field =
work_institutions =
alma_mater = University of Strasbourg University of Rostock
doctoral_advisor =
doctoral_students = Edwin B. Hart
known_for = nucleic acids
author_abbrev_bot =
author_abbrev_zoo =
influences =
influenced =
prizes = 1910 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
religion =
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Ludwig Karl Martin Leonhard Albrecht Kossel (September 16, 1853 – July 5, 1927) was a German medical doctor.

Biography

Kossel was born in Rostock as the son of Prussian consul Albrecht Kossel and his wife Clara. In 1872, Kossel went to the University of Strasbourg to study medicine, where he visited lectures of Anton de Bary, Waldeyer, Kundt, Baeyer and Felix Hoppe-Seyler. He graduated in 1878 at the University of Rostock.

Kossel was awarded the 1910 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for research in cell biology, especially proteins and nucleic acids. He also discovered the amino acid histidine (1896), thymic acid and agmatine (1910).

Kossel's field of work was physiological chemistry, especially the chemistry of tissues and cells. He began his investigations into the constitution of the cell nucleus at the end of 1880, and in the nineties he began his investigations of proteins, the alterations in proteins during transformation into peptone, the effects of a phenetol diet on the urine, the peptonic components of the cells. In 1896 he discovered histidine, then worked out the classical method for the quantitaive separation of the hexone bases. With his distinguished English pupil Henry Drysdale Dakin he investigated arginase, the ferment which hydrolyses arginine into urea and ornithine, and later he discovered agmatine in herring roe and devised a method for preparing it.

One of Kossel's students was American biochemist Edwin B. Hart, who would later return to the United States to participate in the "Single-grain experiment" (1907-1911) and be part of research teams that would determine the nutritive causes of anemia and goiter.

Kossel had one daughter and one son, Walther (1888-1956), who was a prominent Professor of Theoretical Physics at Danzig Institute of Technology (1932-1945).

elected works

*"Untersuchungen über die Nukleine und ihre Spaltungsprodukte" ("Investigations into the nucleins and their cleavage products", 1881)
*"Die Gewebe des menschlichen Körpers und ihre mikroskopische Untersuchung" ("The tissues in the human body and their microscopic investigation", 1889-1891)
*"Leitfaden für medizinisch-chemische Kurse" ("Textbook for medical-chemical courses", 1888)
*"Die Probleme der Biochemie" ("The problems of biochemistry", 1908
*"Die Beziehungen der Chemie zur Physiologie" ("The relationships between chemistry and physiology", 1913)

References

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Shampo
first=M A
authorlink=
coauthors=Kyle R A
year=1976
month=Mar
title=Albrecht Kossel
journal=JAMA
volume=235
issue=12
pages=1234
publisher = | location =
pmid = 765517
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =
doi=10.1001/jama.235.12.1234

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Sulek
first=K
authorlink=
year=1967
month=Jul
title= [1910. Prize for Albrecht Kossel for the contribution to the science in his works on proteins particularly on nucleoproteins]
journal=Wiad. Lek.
volume=20
issue=13
pages=1315
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 4864628
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=JONES
first=M E
authorlink=
year=1953
month=Sep
title=Albrecht Kossel, a biographical sketch
journal=The Yale journal of biology and medicine
volume=26
issue=1
pages=80–97
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 13103145
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Albrecht Kossel — (* 16. September 1853 in Rostock; † 5. Juli 1927 in Heidelberg) war ein deutscher Mediziner und Physiologe. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Albrecht Kossel — Ludwig Karl Martin Leonhard Albrecht Kossel Naissance 16 septembre 1853 Rostock ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Albrecht Kossel — Nombre …   Wikipedia Español

  • Albrecht Kossel — Ludwig Karl Martin Leonhard Albrecht Kossel (n. Rostock, Alemania, 16 de septiembre de 1853 Heidelberg, 5 de julio de 1927). Médico alemán. Hijo de Albrecht Kossel, consul de Prusia y su esposa Clara. Estudia medicina en la Unversidad de Rostock… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Medizinnobelpreis 1910: Albrecht Kossel —   Der deutsche Biochemiker wurde »in Anerkennung seiner Beiträge über die Beschaffenheit der Zelle, die er durch seine Arbeit über Proteine, einschließlich der Kernsubstanzen, geleistet hat«, ausgezeichnet.    Biografie   Albrecht Kossel, *… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Kossel — ist der Name von Albrecht Kossel (1853–1927), deutscher Mediziner und Physiologe und Nobelpreisträger für Medizin Paul Kossel (1874–1950), deutscher Unternehmer Walther Kossel (1888–1956), deutscher Physiker Siehe auch: Verschiebungssatz von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kossel — Kossel, 1) Albrecht, Physiolog, geb. 16. Sept. 1853 in Rostock, studierte seit 1872 in Straßburg und Rostock, wurde Assistent von Hoppe Seyler, habilitierte sich als Privatdozent 1881 in Straßburg, 1883 m Berlin, wurde daselbst 1886… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Kossel — Albrecht …   Scientists

  • Kossel — Kossel, Albrecht …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kossel , Albrecht — (1853–1927) German biochemist Born in Rostock, Germany, Kossel was professor of physiology at the universities of Marburg and Heidelberg (1895–1923). He had first studied medicine, but turned his attention to biochemistry under the influence of… …   Scientists


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