Hugo Theorell


Hugo Theorell

Infobox Scientist
name = Hugo Theorell



caption= Hugo Theorell
birth_date = birth date|1903|7|6|mf=y
birth_place = Linköping, Sweden
death_date = death date and age|1982|8|15|1903|7|6
residence = Sweden
nationality = Swedish
field = Biochemistry
prizes = Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1955)

Axel Hugo Theodor Theorell (July 6, 1903 – August 15, 1982) was a Swedish scientist and Nobel Prize laureate in medicine.

He was born in Linköping as the son of Thure Theorell and his wife Armida Bill. Theorell went to Secondary School at Katedralskolan in Linköping and passed his examination there on May 23, 1921. In September, he began to study medicine at the Karolinska Institute and in 1924 he graduated as a Bachelor of Medicine. He then spent three months studying bacteriology at the Pasteur Institute in Paris under Professor Albert Calmette. In 1930 he obtained his M.D. degree with a theory on the lipids of the blood plasma, and was appointed professor in physiological chemistry at the Karolinska Institute.

Theorell, who dedicated his entire career to enzyme research, received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1955 for discovering the oxidation enzyme and its effects. He was a former head of research of the Nobel Institute, the first researcher related to the Institute to be awarded a Nobel Prize.

His work had lead to pioneering progress on ADH enzymes, which break down alcohol in the kidney. His work won praise in Sweden as well as around the world. And he received honorary degrees at universities in France, Belgium, Brazil and the United States.

References

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url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10348032
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url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/4946799
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year=1970
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pages=147-50

*Citation
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publication-date=1969 Jan 1
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*Citation
id = PMID:13309262
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/13309262
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publication-date=1956 Jan 27
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*Citation
id = PMID:13287683
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/13287683
last=ZOTTERMAN
first=Y
publication-date=1955 Nov 26
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issue=48
periodical=Die Medizinische
pages=1685-6

Persondata
NAME= Theorell, Hugo
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=
SHORT DESCRIPTION= Biochemist
DATE OF BIRTH= July 6, 1903
PLACE OF BIRTH= Linköping, Sweden
DATE OF DEATH= August 15, 1982
PLACE OF DEATH=


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hugo Theorell — Axel Hugo Theodor Theorell (* 6. Juli 1903 in Linköping, Östergötland, Schweden; † 15. August 1982 in Stockholm, Schweden) war ein schwedischer Biochemiker. Das Studium der Medizin am Karolinska Institut schloss er 1924 ab. Die nachfolgenden drei …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hugo Theorell — Axel Hugo Theodor Theorell (6 juillet 1903 à Linköping, Suède 15 août 1982 à Stockholm) est un biochimiste suédois. Il a reçu le prix Nobel de physiologie ou médecine de 1955 pour ses recherches sur les enzymes d oxydation[1]. Biographie Cette… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Theorell — Axel Hugo Theodor Theorell (* 6. Juli 1903 in Linköping, Östergötland, Schweden; † 15. August 1982 in Stockholm, Schweden) war ein schwedischer Biochemiker. Das Studium der Medizin am Karolinska Institut schloss er 1924 ab. Die nachfolgenden drei …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Theorell —   [teu rɛl], Hugo, schwedischer Biochemiker, * Linköping 6. 7. 1903, ✝ Stockholm 15. 8. 1982; wurde 1932 Professor in Uppsala, 1937 in Stockholm, wo er gleichzeitig die biochemische Abteilung des Nobelinstituts leitete. Theorell erhielt für seine …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Theorell — Theorell, Axel Hugo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Theorell — (izg. teurȅl), Axel Hugo Teodor (1903 1982) DEFINICIJA švedski biokemičar; proučavanjem fermenata koji olakšavaju reakcije u živim stanicama pridonio razumijevanju djelovanja fermenata i doveo do otkrića kako organizmi koriste hranu u prisustvu… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Theorell, Axel Hugo Teodor — ▪ Swedish biochemist born July 6, 1903, Linköping, Sweden died Aug. 15, 1982, Stockholm       Swedish biochemist whose study of enzymes (enzyme) that facilitate oxidation reactions in living cells contributed to the understanding of enzyme action …   Universalium

  • Theorell , Axel Hugo Teodor — (1903–1982) Swedish biochemist Theorell, who was born at Linköping in Sweden, received his MD from the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm in 1930. However, he did not pursue a career in medicine because of a polio attack. Instead, he became… …   Scientists

  • Theorell — /tay oh rddel /, n. Axel Hugo Teodor /ahk seuhl hooh goh te oh dawrdd /, 1903 82, Swedish biochemist: Nobel prize for medicine 1955. * * * …   Universalium

  • Theorell — /tay oh rddel /, n. Axel Hugo Teodor /ahk seuhl hooh goh te oh dawrdd /, 1903 82, Swedish biochemist: Nobel prize for medicine 1955 …   Useful english dictionary


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