- Pope John IV
English name=John IV
December 24, 640
October 12, 642
Pope John IV (died of
cancerFact|date=December 2007, October 12, 642) was elected pope, after a four-month " sede vacante", December 24, 640.
John was a native of
Dalmatia(probably in the town of Salona), and the son of the "scholasticus" (advocate) Venantius. At the time of his election he was archdeacon of the Roman Church, an important role in governing the see. As John's consecration (on November 24) followed very soon after his election, it is supposed that the papal elections were being confirmed by the Exarch of Ravennarather than by the Emperor in Constantinople.
Troubles in his native land, caused by invasions of
Slavs, directed John's attention there. To alleviate the distress of the inhabitants, John sent the abbot Martin into Dalmatia and Istriawith large sums of money for the redemption of captives. As the ruined churches could not be rebuilt, the relics of some of the more important Dalmatian saints were brought to Rome. John erected an oratory in their honour which still stands. It was adorned by the pope with mosaics depicting John himself holding in his hands a model of his oratory. John apparently did not content himself with palliating the evils wrought by the Slavs. He endeavoured to convert these barbarians. Emperor Constantine Porphyrogenitussays that Porga, duke of the Dalmatian Croats, who had been invited into Dalmatia by Heraclius, sent to an Emperor Heraclius for Christian teachers. It is supposed that the emperor to whom this message was sent was Emperor Heraclius himself, and that he sent to Pope John IV.
While still only pope-elect, John, with the other rulers of the Roman Church, wrote to the clergy of the North of
Irelandto tell them of the mistakes they were making with regard to the time of keeping Easter, and exhorting them to be on their guard against the Pelagianheresy. About the same time he condemned Monothelism. Emperor Heraclius immediately disowned the Monothelite document known as the "Ecthesis". To Heraclius' son, Constantine III, John addressed his apology for Pope Honorius I, in which he deprecated the attempt to connect the name of Honorius with Monothelism. Honorius, he declared, in speaking of one will in Jesus, only meant to assert that there were not two contrary wills in Him.
John was buried in the
Basilica of St. Peter.
Sereno Detoni, "Giovanni IV. Papa dalmata", Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2006 ISBN 978-88-209-7889-1
Luciano Rota, "I Papi Caio e Giovanni IV", in "Istria e Dalmazia. Uomini e tempi", II, "Dalmazia", Udine, Del Bianco 1992
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08422b.htm "Catholic Encyclopedia":] Pope John IV
* [http://www.fiu.edu/~mirandas/consistories-vii.htm Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church]
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