- Eclecticism in art
Eclecticism is a kind of mixed style in the
fine arts: "the borrowingof a variety of styles from different sources and combining them" (Hume 1998, 5). Significantly, Eclecticism hardly ever constituted a specific style in art: it is characterized by the fact that it was not a particular style. In general, the term describes the combination in a single work of a variety of influences — mainly of elements from different historical styles in architecture, painting, and the graphic and decorative arts. In musicthe term used may be either eclecticism, crossover music, or polystylism.
In the visual arts
The term eclectic was first used by
Johann Joachim Winckelmannto characterize the art of the Carracci, who incorporated in their paintings elements from the Renaissanceand classical traditions. Indeed, Agostino, Annibale and Lodovico Carraccihad tried to combine in their art Michelangelo's line, Titian's color, Correggio's chiaroscuro, and Raphael's symmetryand .
In the 18th century,
Sir Joshua Reynolds, head of the Royal Academy of Artsin London, was one of the most influential advocates of eclecticism. In the sixth of his famous academical "Discourses" (1774), he wrote that the painter may use the work of the ancients as a "magazine of common property, always open to the public, whence every man has a right to take what materials he pleases" (Reynolds 1775,Fact|date=September 2008 In 19th-century England, John Ruskinalso pleaded for eclecticism. Picassohas often been citedweasel-inline|date=September 2008 as an eclectic artist because of his African-influenced Period.
Eclecticism "was an important concept in Western architecture during the mid- and late 19th century, and it reappeared in a new guise in the latter part of the 20th century" (Muthesius 2008).
Eclecticism in music
postmodernmusic is characterized by eclecticism. In hip-hop, the fusion of samples from different genres has become very popular.Fact|date=September 2008 Particularly in turntablism, the branch of "dj-ing" devoted to one's use of such equipment as though it were any other. A diverse record collection, along with general know-how or "finesse" with the equipment given is seen as an object of status.Fact|date=September 2008 In fact, the postmodernity of hip hop grows exceedingly, all the time.Fact|date=September 2008
* [http://www.artnet.com/library/02/0248/T024845.ASP Eclecticism]
*Hume, Helen D. (1998). "The Art Teacher's Book of Lists". San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. ISBN 0-7879-7424-2.
*Muthesius, Stefan. "Eclecticism". "Grove Art Online". Oxford Art Online. (subscription access) (accessed
19 September 2008)
*Reynolds, Joshua (1775). "A Discourse, Delivered to the Students of the Royal Academy, on the Distribution of the Prizes, Dec. the 10th, 1774". London: T. Davies.
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