- Caledonian Canal
The Caledonian Canal in
Scotlandconnects the Scottish east coast at Invernesswith the west coast at Corpachnear Fort William.
It runs some 62 miles (100 kilometres) from northeast to southwest. Only one third of the entire length is man-made, the rest being formed by Loch Dochfour,
Loch Ness, Loch Oich, and Loch Lochy. These lochs are part of the Great Glen, a geological faultin the Earth's crust. There are 29 locks (including eight at Neptune's Staircase, Banavie), four aqueducts and 10 bridges in the course of the canal.
The canal was designed by engineer
Thomas Telfordably supported by William Jessopand built between 1803 and 1822 at a cost of £840,000, but was never a great commercial success. As the canal was originally built too shallow and suffered from poor construction in places, most traffic still used the sea route. It was not deepened until 1847 (work designed by Telford's close associate, James Walker) by which time most ships were too large, and Invernesswas soon connected to the Lowlandsby railway. The canal is now mainly used by pleasure craft. It is maintained and operated by British Waterways, a governmental organisation.
The canal has several names in
Scottish Gaelicincluding, "Amar-Uisge/Seòlaid a' Ghlinne Mhòir" (Waterway of the Great Glen) and a literal translation "Sligh'-Uisge na h-Alba".
* Cameron, A.D. (2005). "The Caledonian Canal". Edinburgh: Birlinn. ISBN 1-84158-403-7.
* Hadfield, Charles and Skempton, A.W. (1979). "William Jessop, Engineer". Newton Abbot:
David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-7603-9
* Hutton, Guthrie [n.d.] . "Getting to know... The Caledonian Canal", privately published.
* Hutton, Guthrie (1998). "The Caledonian Canal: Lochs, Locks and Pleasure Steamers". Ochiltree: Stenlake Publishing. ISBN 1-84033-033-3.
* Lindsay, Jean (1968). "The Canals of Scotland". Newton Abbot:
David & Charles, ISBN 0-7153-4240-1.
* [http://www.scottishcanals.co.uk/ scottishcanals.co.uk]
* [http://www.caleycruisers.com/Documents/Navigation%20Map%202007.pdf Caledonial Canal Navigation Chart]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Caledonian Canal — Caledonian Ca|nal the Caledonian Canal a ↑canal (=artificial river) in Scotland which joins the Atlantic Ocean to a line of ↑lochs (=lakes) , which then connect to the North Sea … Dictionary of contemporary English
Caledonian Canal — canal in N Scotland, extending northeastward from the Atlantic to Moray Firth: c. 60 mi (97 km) … English World dictionary
Caledonian Canal — [kælɪ dəʊnjən kə næl], Wasserweg in Schottland, Kaledonischer Kanal … Universal-Lexikon
Caledonian Canal — die Schleusen in Fort Augustus Der Kaledonische Kanal (engl. Caledonian Canal) verbindet die Ost und Westküste Schottlands. Nur etwa ein Drittel des Kanals wurde künstlich geschaffen. Er verläuft, beginnend im Nordosten bei Inverness, durch… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Caledonian Canal — Sp Kaledònijos kanãlas Ap Caledonian Canal L D. Britanijoje (Škotijoje) … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Caledonian Canal — a canal in N Scotland, extending NE from the Atlantic to the North Sea. 601/2 mi. (97 km) long. * * * ▪ waterway, Scotland, United Kingdom waterway running southwest to northeast across the Glen Mor fault of northern Scotland and connecting … Universalium
Caledonian Canal — Caledo′nian Canal′ n. geg a canal in N Scotland, extending NE from the Atlantic to the North Sea. 60½ mi. (97 km) long … From formal English to slang
Caledonian Canal — noun a canal in northern Scotland that links North Sea with the Atlantic Ocean; runs diagonally between Moray Firth at the northeastern end and Loch Linnhe at the southwestern end; now little used • Instance Hypernyms: ↑canal • Part Holonyms:… … Useful english dictionary
Caledonian Canal — geographical name ship canal N Scotland connecting Loch Linnhe & Moray Firth & uniting Lochs Ness, Oich, Lochy, & Eil … New Collegiate Dictionary
CALEDONIAN CANAL — a canal across the NW. of Scotland, executed by Telford, for the passage of ships between the Atlantic and the North Sea, 60 m. long, 40 m. of which consist of natural lakes; begun 1803, finished 1823; cost £1,300,000; has 28 locks; was… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia