13th Parliament of Upper Canada

13th Parliament of Upper Canada

The 13th Parliament of Upper Canada was in session from November 8 1836 to February 10 1840. Elections in Upper Canada had been held in July 1836. All sessions were held at Toronto. The Lieutenant Governor Sir Francis Bond Head had intervened in the election process, resulting in a conservative majority in the legislative assembly and triggering dissent in the province. This was the last parliament for Upper Canada; in 1840, the Act of Union abolished the legislative assemblies for Upper and Lower Canada and created a new Province of Canada with a common Legislative Assembly. This came as a result of the Rebellions of 1837.

Hiram Norton resigned in October 1838 and went to the United States; he was replaced by Milo McCorger in a by-election. William Wells refused to take his seat in the legislature, protesting the actions of the lieutenant governor in the elections; he was replaced by Henry Burritt. Jonas Jones was appointed registrar for Dundas County; he was replaced by James Morris in a by-election. John Rolph was expelled from the assembly in January 1838, accused of conspiring with the rebels; he was replaced by William Salmon. Charles Duncombe left the country following the Upper Canada Rebellion; Roger Rolle Hunter took his place in the legislature. Archibald McLean was appointed to the Court of King's Bench in March 1837 and replaced by Alexander McLean. David Gibson left the country; John William Gamble took his seat in a by-election. Thomas David Morrison left Canada; James Edward Small replaced him in the assembly.


*"Handbook of Upper Canadian Chronology", Frederick H. Armstrong, Toronto : Dundurn Press, 1985. ISBN 0-919670-92-X

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