RS-82 rocket


RS-82 rocket

RS-82 and RS-132 (Reaktivny Snaryad; Russian: Реактивный Снаряд; rocket-powered cannon shell) were unguided rockets used by Soviet military aircraft in World War II.

Development

Design work on RS-82 and RS-132 rockets began in the early 1930s, by a team led by Georgy Langemak, and including Vladimir Artemiev, Boris Petropavlovsky, Yuriy Pobedonostsev, and others. The 82 mm (3.2 in) and 132 mm (5.2 in) diameters were chosen because the standard smokeless gunpowder charge used at the time was 24 mm (0.94 in) in diameter and seven of these charges fit into an 82 mm cylinder. First test-firing was done in November 1929. In 1937, aerodynamically-efficient RO-82 rail launchers were designed for mounting these weapons on the aircraft. During the Great Purge in 1937, Langemak was imprisoned, tortured, tried on what are commonly viewed as trumped-up charges and then executed.Fact|date=February 2007

Operational history

First-ever use of aircraft-launched unguided rockets in combat took place August 20, 1939, during the Battle of Khalkhin Gol. Five Polikarpov I-16 fighters launched RS-82 rockets against a flight of Japanese fighters, shooting down 2. Six Tupolev SB bombers also used RS-132 for ground attack during the Winter War. RS-82 and RS-132 officially entered service in 1940.

Like most unguided rockets, RS suffered from poor accuracy. Early testing demonstrated that, when fired from 500 m (1,640 ft), a mere 1.1% of 186 fired RS-82 hit a single tank and only 3.7% hit a column of tanks. RS-132 accuracy was even worse with no hits scored in 134 firings during one test. Combat accuracy was even worse since the rockets were typically fired from even greater distances. To further complicate the matters, RS-82 required a direct hit to disable light German armor with near-misses causing no damage. RS-132 could defeat medium German armor with a direct hit but caused almost no damage to light or medium armor with a near-miss. Best results were usually attained when firing in salvos against large ground targets.

Almost every Soviet military aircraft of World War II was known to carry RS-82 and RS-132, often using field-made launchers. Some Ilyushin Il-2 were field-modified to carry up to 24 rockets although the added drag and the weight made this arrangement impractical.

RS-derived M-8 and M-13 rockets were used by the famous Katyusha rocket artillery

Variants

* RS-82 and RS-132 - high-explosive warhead
* BRS-82 and BRS-132 - armor-piercing warhead
* ROFS-132 - fragmentation warhead
* M-8 - improved RS-82 with a much larger warhead (0.64 kg (1.4 lb) of explosives) and rocket motor for BM-8 Katyusha
* M-13 - improved RS-132 with a much larger warhead (4.9 kg (10.8 lb) of explosives) and rocket motor for BM-13 Katyusha, could also be carried by Ilyushin Il-2

pecifications (RS-82)

* Body diameter: 82 mm (3.2 in)
* Wingspan: 200 mm (8 in)
* Length: 600 mm (24 in)
* Weight: 6.8 kg (15 lb)
* Explosive weight: 0.36 kg (0.8 lb)
* Fragmentation radius: 7 m (23 ft)
* Maximum speed: 340 m/s (1,115 ft/s)
* Range: 6.2 km (3.9 mi)
* Spread: 16 angular mil

pecifications (RS-132)

* Body diameter: 132 mm (5.2 in)
* Wingspan: 300 mm (11 in)
* Length: 845 mm (33 in)
* Weight: 23.0 kg (50 lb)
* Explosive weight: 0.9 kg (2 lb)
* Fragmentation radius: 10 m (33 ft)
* Maximum speed: 350 m/s (1,150 ft/s)
* Range: 7.1 km (4.4 mi)
* Spread: 16 angular mil

References

* http://www.airwar.ru/weapon/anur/rs82-132.html
* http://www.new-factoria.ru/missile/wobb/bm13/bm13.shtml

ee also

*RP-3 - British 3 inch rocket, known as "60lb"

Related content

Related lists: List of aircraft weapons


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rocket Racing League — Type Private Industry Air racing · Sports · Entertainment Aerospace engineering Founded 2005 Headquarters New York, Bost …   Wikipedia

  • Rocket propellant — is mass that is stored, usually in some form of propellant tank, prior to being used as the propulsive mass that is ejected from a rocket engine in the form of a fluid jet to produce thrust.Chemical rocket propellants are most commonly used,… …   Wikipedia

  • Rocket (Buscapé) — is the protagonist and narrator in the movie Cidade de Deus (City of God). His nickname also means Firecracker. He was portrayed in the movie by Alexandre Rodrigues while his younger self is played by Luis Otávio.ChildhoodRocket s real name is… …   Wikipedia

  • Rocket (Galactik Football) — Rocket is a main protagonist in the animated series, Galactik Football. He captains the Snow Kids and plays as mid fielder. He is a quiet, shy and serious young man who takes his position as captain extremely seriously. He is the 4th to get the… …   Wikipedia

  • Rocket Power — From left to right: Otto, Reggie, Sam, Twister Format Comedy Created by Klasky Csupo …   Wikipedia

  • Rocket (disambiguation) — Rocket refers to a vehicle, missile, or aircraft that creates thrust by expelling burned fuel as exhaust at a high rate.It can also refer to a rocket engine.Rocket may also refer to:;In media: *Rocket (comics), a DC Comics character * The Rocket… …   Wikipedia

  • Rocket artillery — is a type of artillery equipped with rocket launchers instead of conventional guns or mortars. Types of rocket artillery pieces include multiple rocket launchers. HistoryPre modern historyThe use of rockets as some form of artillery dates back to …   Wikipedia

  • Rocket to Russia — Studioalbum von Ramones Veröffentlichung 4. November 1977 Label Sire Records SR 6 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rocket jump — (англ. «прыжок от ракеты», рокет джамп)  популярный вид трюка в шутерах от первого лица, при котором игрок стреляет из ракетницы (Rocket Launcher) или другого «взрывного» оружия себе под ноги с одновременным прыжком. При этом, теряя… …   Википедия

  • Rocket de Montreal — Rocket de Montréal Gründung 1999 Auflösung 2003 Geschichte Rocket de Montréal 1999 – 2003 P.E.I. Rocket seit 2003 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rocket Robin Hood — known in French as Robin Fusée , is a Canadian animated television series produced by Krantz Films, Inc. from 1966 to 1969. It takes the characters and conflicts associated with the classic legend of Robin Hood and sets it in a futuristic, outer …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.