Theda Bara


Theda Bara

Infobox actor
bgcolour = silver
name = Theda Bara
othername = The Vamp

|thumb|150px
imagesize = 200px
caption = Theda Bara as Cleopatra in the 1917 film "Cleopatra"
birthname = Theodosia Burr Goodman
birthdate = birth date|1885|7|29|mf=y
location = Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.
deathdate = Death date and age|1955|4|13|1885|7|29
deathplace = Los Angeles, California, U.S.
yearsactive = 1908-1926
spouse = Charles Brabin (1921-1955)
homepage =
academyawards =

Theda Bara was the stage name and later legal name of Theodosia Burr Goodman (July 29, 1885April 13, 1955), an American silent film actress. Movie executives made promotional claims that her stage name was chosen because it is an anagram for "Arab Death." In reality, "Theda" was a childhood nickname for Theodosia. "Bara" apparently was a shortened form of her maternal grandmother's maiden name, Baranger.

Bara was one of the most popular screen actresses of her era, and was one of cinema's earliest sex symbols. Her femme fatale roles earned her the nickname "The Vamp" (short for vampire). The term "vamp" soon became a popular slang term for a sexually predatory woman. Bara, along with the French film actress Musidora, popularized the vamp persona in the early years of silent film and was soon imitated by rival actresses such as Nita Naldi and Pola Negri.

Biography

Birth

Theodosia Burr Goodman was born in 1885 in the Avondale section of Cincinnati, Ohio. Her father was Bernard [http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9905E6DA113AE433A25754C1A9679D946696D6CF] Goodman (1853-1936), a prosperous Jewish tailor born in Poland . Her mother, Pauline Louise de Coppett (1861-1957), was born in Switzerland and was also Jewish. They married in 1882. Theda's brother and sister were Marque (1888-?) and Esther [http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9905E6DA113AE433A25754C1A9679D946696D6CF] (1897-1965), who also became a film actress under the name Lori Bara and married Francis W. Getty of London in 1920.

In 1917 the Goodman family legally changed its surname to "Bara". [cite news |first= |last= |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Theda Makes 'em All Baras. Actress's Family Join Her in Dropping Name of Goodman |url=http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9905E6DA113AE433A25754C1A9679D946696D6CF |quote=Actress's Family Join Her in Dropping Name of Goodman. Theda Bara, actress, and all the members of her family got permission yesterday from ... |work=New York Times |date=November 17, 1917 |accessdate=2008-07-20 ]

Education

She attended Walnut Hills High School from 1899 to 1903 and lived at 823 Hutchins Avenue. After attending the University of Cincinnati for two years, she worked in theater productions mainly but did explore other projects, moving to New York City in 1908. She made her Broadway debut in "The Devil" (1908).

Career

Theda Bara made more than 40 feature films between 1914 and 1926. Complete prints of only six of these films still exist. Most of Bara's films were produced by William Fox, beginning with "A Fool There Was" (1915) and ending with "The Lure of Ambition" (1919). The phenomenal success of "A Fool There Was" gave William Fox the money to found Fox Film Corporation, while the ensuing films helped to make Fox a successful studio.

At the height of her fame, Bara was making $4,000 per week for her film performances. She was one of the most famous movie stars, ranking behind only Charlie Chaplin and Mary Pickford in popularity. [http://oncotton.co.uk/starr/documents/THEDAprogramme&PDF.pdf] Bara's best-known and most popular roles were as "vamp" characters, although she attempted to avoid being typecast by playing more wholesome heroines in films such as "Under Two Flags" and "Her Double Life". She also appeared as Juliet in a version of Shakespeare's "Romeo and Juliet". Although Bara took her craft seriously, she was too successful as an exotic "wanton woman" to develop a more versatile career.

Most of Bara's early films were shot on the East Coast, primarily at the Fox studio in Fort Lee, New Jersey. Bara lived with her mother and siblings in New York City during this time. The rise of Hollywood as the center of the American film industry forced her to relocate to Los Angeles to film the epic "Cleopatra" (1917). This film became one of Bara's biggest hits. No known prints of "Cleopatra" exist today, but numerous photographs of Bara in costume as the Queen of the Nile have survived.

Between 1915 and 1919, Bara was promoted heavily by Fox, and was the studio's biggest star. When the studio lessened their support, her career suffered. Bara, tired of being typecast as a vamp, allowed her five-year contract with Fox to expire. Her final film for Fox was "The Lure of Ambition" (1919). She left Fox and did not make another film until "The Unchastened Woman" (1925) for Chadwick Pictures Corporation. Bara retired after making only one more film, the short comedy "Madame Mystery" (1926), made for Hal Roach, in which she parodied her vamp image.

Theda Bara is most famous for having a higher percentage of lost films than any other actor/actress with a Hollywood star on the Walk of Fame. A 1937 fire at Fox's nitrate film storage vaults in New Jersey destroyed most of that studio's silent films. Out of her 40 films, 3 remain completely intact. "Cleopatra" (almost completely lost, 40 seconds remain), "Du Barry", "Carmen", "Salome", and "Camille" are among the lost. Fortunately, "A Fool There Was" is preserved in a complete print. "Madame Mystery" is preserved in a 9.5mm print which runs 21 minutes, which may be an abridged version for home viewing. [ [http://www.SilentEra.com Silent Era : The silent film website ] ]

She is also one of the most famous completely silent stars. Charlie Chaplin and Mary Pickford, although mostly silent, were filmed in sound, and none of their sound films have been lost. Bara was never filmed in sound, lost or otherwise.

ex symbol

Bara is often cited as the first sex symbol [ [http://www.classicimages.com/1996/july/theda.html Classic Images - Vol. 250 - April 1996 Issue ] ] of that era, and in a number of her films appeared in risqué transparent costumes that left little to the imagination. [ [http://www.bombshells.com/gallery/bara/theda_gallery.php Theda Bara Photo Gallery - Bombshells.Com ] ] Such outfits were banned from Hollywood films after the Production Code started in 1930, and then was more strongly enforced in 1934.

Bara was photographed in several sittings in skimpy Oriental-themed costumes. It was popular at that time to promote an actress as mysterious and elusive, with an exotic background. The studios promoted Bara with a massive publicity campaign, billing her as the Egyptian-born daughter of a French actress and an Italian sculptor. They claimed she had spent her early years in the Sahara Desert under the shadow of the Sphinx, then moved to France to become a stage actress. (In fact, Bara had never even been to Egypt or France.) They called her the "Serpent of the Nile" and encouraged Bara to discuss mysticism and the occult in interviews.

At the height of Bara's fame, her vamp image was notorious enough to be referred to in popular songs of the day. A line in "Red-Hot Hannah" said "I know things that Theda Bara's just startin' to learn - make my dresses from asbestos, I'm liable to burn...." The song, "Rebecca Came Back From Mecca", contains the lyrics "She's as bold as Theda Bara; Theda's bare but Becky's bare-er", The song "If I had a man like Valentino" contains the chorus lyric, "Theda Bara sure would die; she would never roll another eye".

Marriage and retirement

Bara married British-born American film director Charles Brabin (1883-1957) in 1921. Her film career soon began to slow down, finally ending with the comedy "Madame Mystery" made for Hal Roach in 1926. The following year, Bara made a successful but much maligned appearance on Broadway in "The Blue Flame".

Though she subsequently expressed interest in returning to the stage or screen, her husband did not consider it proper for his wife to have a career. She did make at least three interview appearances on radio from Hollywood: on the June 8, 1936 broadcast of "Lux Radio Theater"; as a guest on NBC's "For Men Only" on March 7, 1939; and on CBS, November 8, 1939.

Bara spent the remainder of her life as a hostess in Hollywood and New York, in comfort and relative wealth. Producer Buddy DeSylva and Columbia Pictures expressed interest in 1949 in making a movie biography of her life, to star Betty Hutton, but the project never materialized. [Thomas F. Brady, "De Sylva Working on Movie of Bara", "New York Times", January 21, 1949, p. 25. Hedda Hopper (column), "The Washington Post", August 21, 1949, p. L1. Hedda Hopper (column), "The Washington Post", October 23, 1949, p. L1. Thomas F. Brady, "Betty Hutton Set for 2 Metro Films", "New York Times", December 2, 1949, p. 36.]

Death

The actress died of stomach cancer in 1955 in Los Angeles, California, and was interred as Theda Bara Brabin in the Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery in Glendale, California. Her death certificate incorrectly listed her birthday as "July 22, 1892".

Legacy

Theda Bara has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame and in 1994, she was honored with her image on a United States postage stamp designed by caricaturist Al Hirschfeld. In June 1996, two biographies appeared, Ron Genini's "Theda Bara: A Biography" (McFarland) and Eve Golden's "Vamp" (Emprise). In October 2005 TimeLine Films of Culver City premiered a film biography, "Theda Bara: The Woman With the Hungry Eyes". A film by British video artist Georgina Starr titled "Theda" based around Bara's lost films premiered in London in November 2006. [ [http://www.georginastarr.com/ Georgina Starr ] ]

The Fort Lee Film Commission dedicated Main Street and Linwood Avenue in Fort Lee, New Jersey, as "Theda Bara Way" in May of 2006 to honor Bara, who made many of her films at the Fox Studio on Linwood and Main.

Theda Bara's image has been the symbol of the Chicago International Film Festival. A stark, black and white close up of her eyes set as repeated frames in a strip of film serves as the logo for the nonprofit festival. Only a handful of Theda Bara films still exist: "The Stain" (1914), "A Fool There Was" (1915), "East Lynne" (1916), "The Unchastened Woman" (1925), and two short comedies she made for Hal Roach in the mid-1920s. [ [http://imdb.com/title/tt0005339/trivia A Fool There Was (1915) - Trivia ] ]

Filmography

References

Further reading

* "The First Female Stars: Women of the Silent Era" by David W. Menefee. Albany: Bear Manor Media, 2007. ISBN 0-275-98259-9.
*
*cite book | author=Ronald Genini | title=Theda Bara: A Biography of the Silent Screen Vamp, with a Filmography | publisher=McFarland | year=1996 | id=ISBN 0-7864-0202-4
*"Famous Juliets." By Jerome Hart, in "Motion Picture Classic", March, 1923.
*"A Million and One Nights." By Terry Ramsaye. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1926.

External links

*imdb name|id=0000847|name=Theda Bara
*amg name|2:3781
*findagrave|1993
* [http://thedabara.net A Theda Bara Tribute] Biography, gallery, filmography, audio clip.
* [http://forgetthetalkies.blogspot.com/2008/07/complete-filmography-theda-bara.html Complete Theda Bara Filmography]
* [http://www.classicimages.com/1996/july/theda.html Excerpt from Golden's biography "Vamp"]
* [http://www.csse.monash.edu.au/~pringle/silent/ssotm/May96/ Biography at monash.edu.au]
* [http://silentladies.com/PBara.html Theda Bara photo galleries at SilentLadies.com]
* [http://www.geocities.com/~genini/ThedaBara.html Fan page]
* [http://forgetthetalkies.blogspot.com/2008/09/silents-talk-theda-bara.html Theda Bara speaking at Lux Radio Theater] (interviewed by W.S. Van Dyke).

Persondata
NAME= Bara, Theda
ALTERNATIVE NAMES= Goodman, Theodosia Burr
SHORT DESCRIPTION= Silent film actress
DATE OF BIRTH= July 29, 1885
PLACE OF BIRTH= Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.
DATE OF DEATH= April 13, 1955
PLACE OF DEATH= Los Angeles, California, U.S.


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Theda Bara — en Cleopatra Nombre real Theodosia Burr Goodman Nacimiento 29 de julio de 1885 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Theda Bara — (* 29. Juli 1885 in Cincinnati, Ohio als Theodosia Burr Goodman; † 7. April 1955 in Los Angeles, Kalifornien), war eine US amerikanische Schauspielerin. Sie war das erste Sexsymbol des Stummfilms. Biografie Nach dem Besuch der University of… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Theda Bara — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bara. Theda Bara …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Theda Bara — Theodosia Burr Goodman (29 de julio de 1885 en Cincinnati, Ohio 7 de abril de 1955 en Los Ángeles, California), actriz estadounidense …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Theda Bara — Theodosia Goodman …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • BARA, THEDA — (Theodosia Goodman; 1885–1955), U.S. film actress. Born in Cincinnati, Ohio, Theda Bara was noted for her femme fatale roles. William Fox recognized her potential   and cast her in A Fool There Was (1915) under the name by which she came to be… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bara — ist der Name von Personen: Céline Bara (* 1978), französische Pornodarstellerin und produzentin Charlotte Bara (1901–1986; eigentlich Bachrach), deutsche Ausdruckstänzerin Benjamin Bara (* 1989), deutscher Schauspieler Joseph Bara (1779 1793),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Bara, Theda — orig. Theodosia Goodman born July 20, 1885?, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S. died April 7, 1955, Los Angeles, Calif. U.S. film actress. She had a brief stage career before going to Hollywood. Her first major picture, A Fool There Was (1915), was… …   Universalium

  • Bara — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Bara est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Al Barâ ibn Mâlik (? 640), compagnon du prophète de l islam Mahomet ; Hiérosme de… …   Wikipédia en Français


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