Jafar (Aladdin)

Jafar (Aladdin)

DisneyChar
name = جعفر
Jafar


image caption = Jafar after his wish to become the most powerful sorcerer in the world is granted by Genie.
first appearance = "Aladdin" (1992)
created by = John Musker, Ron Clements

Andreas Deja (animator)
voiced by = Jonathan Freeman (all appearances except "Family Guy")

Jafar (Arabic: جعفر [Ja'far] ) is a fictional character, voiced by Jonathan Freeman, and is featured as the primary antagonist in the Disney film "Aladdin" and its sequel, "The Return of Jafar." He is an evil sorcerer and the former Grand Vizier of the Sultan of Agrabah. He does not appear in "Aladdin and the King of Thieves", but he is mentioned by the Genie, who is seen wearing a mask of Jafar. He is also considered to be the archenemy of Aladdin.

Creation and conception

Jafar's name seems to be derived from a character named Jafar or Giafar ( _ar. جعفر) in tales of the "Arabian Nights", who is the Vizier to the 9th century Abbasid Caliph Harun al-Rashid; this character in turn was based on a real-life Vizier, Ja'far bin Yahya Barmaki. Harun and Giafar were the protagonists of many stories in "Arabian Nights", but Giafar was never presented as a villain. Harun did have the real Ja'far bin Yahya Barmaki beheaded after a dispute arising from allegations that Ja'far had engaged in an affair with the Caliph's sister. The original tale of "Aladdin", a Syrian story not originally attached to the "Arabian Nights", features two characters who correspond to Disney's Jafar. One is an unnamed Vizier who is jealous of Aladdin but does not serve as a real villain; the other is the major antagonist, an evil magician from the Maghreb in North Africa who introduces Aladdin to his magical lamp. Another inspiration to the character is the villain "Jaffar", played by Conrad Veidt in "The Thief of Bagdad", from which "Aladdin" borrows several character ideas and plot elements. The Jafar of Disney's "Aladdin" plays essentially the same part as the character from the 1940s movie, and is drawn with notable similarity to Conrad Veidt's looks. [ [http://www.fosteronfilm.com/fantasy/thiefbagdad.htm Foster on Film - Fantasy: The Thief of Bagdad ] ]

Patrick Stewart was originally offered the role of Jafar, but scheduling conflicts with "" forced him to turn down the role. He has said in interviews that this is his biggest regret in his career, and in the top three of biggest regrets of his life. [cite web |title=IMDb trivia |url=http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0103639/trivia |accessdate=2007-09-04]

Animator Andreas Deja decided to design Jafar in a way he was contrasting to the other characters, with many vertical lines against the curvy designs based on Al Hirschfeld. [cite web|url=http://www-tech.mit.edu/V112/N64/aladdin.64a.html|title=Aladdin animator used subtlety to design strong villain|date=1992-11-20|publisher=The Tech] When Deja first met Jonathan Freeman, he was surprised to see the lack of physical similarity to the character - but also englobed some of Freeman's acting and gesturing into Jafar's animation."Aladdin Platinum Edition", Disc 2: "Diamond in the Rough: The Making of Aladdin."]

Characteristics

Appearance

Jafar is similar in appearance and actions to Maleficent. He is tall and thin, wears a long, twisted goatee, and is almost always depicted in flowing robes of black, dark red and other moody colors, giving him an overtly villainous appearance. When he is granted true magical abilities, upon wishing to become the world's most powerful sorcerer, his outfit's angular qualities become more exaggerated, his turban and his wardrobe's shoulders growing into elongated spikes. His golden, cobra-headed staff is also granted unnatural life, its mouth opening to spit spells. Another drastic change occurs when he literally becomes snake-like, transforming into a cobra with the same black and red color scheme. His appearance further, and most drastically, distorts when he wishes to become an all-powerful genie, after which he transforms into a massive, red-skinned entity with talons, glowing yellow eyes and an immense, muscular physique, giving him a devil-like appearance, a direct contrast to the good Genie's soft, blue appearance. In the direct-to-video sequel, Jafar has the ability to change from this fearsome genie form back into his familiar (and human) sorcerer attire, which is notably less conspicuous. Jafar has a pet parrot named Iago, who normally perches on his shoulders or his staff, and who eventually switches sides in "The Return of Jafar".

Abilities

Despite his magical aspirations, Jafar is actually incapable of performing any supernatural feats during the majority of "Aladdin". He is shown to be scholarly and learned in arcane lore, his secret chamber filled with strange devices and stacks of tomes, and, as such, he operates more on the level of an alchemist throughout the film’s duration than an actual magician. Instead of casting spells, he relies on previously prepared potions capable of producing magical phenomena, smashing a vial of red liquid onto the floor, for example, in order to create a cloud of smoke to escape from the Sultan's guard. He relies heavily on certain relics in his possession, such as his snake-headed staff which is capable, through its enchanted ruby eyes, of hypnotizing people, although this is destroyed by Aladdin when he reveals Jafar's treachery to the Sultan. A gigantic hourglass which he keeps in his study also serves as a crystal ball for him, granting him the ability to see the outside world. He is also a master of disguise, assuming the appearance of an old beggar man in order to gain Aladdin’s confidence. He operates largely through his underworld connections, such as with the thief, Gazeem, as well as his position of authority within the palace, which places the entire Royal Guard under his command.His inability to perform real magic is primarily what drives Jafar to search for the Genie’s magical lamp, and after achieving it, his second wish is to become the world’s most powerful sorcerer. After he makes this wish, he is noticeably able to perform a radical assortment of spells on a mere whim, such as manipulating physical bodies, levitating objects (as well himself), materializing weaponry from thin air, spitting fire and, most impressively, shapeshifting into an enormous Indian Cobra. He also reverts Aladdin's first wish by the Genie, transforming Abu back into a monkey and revealing his true identity to Jasmine. During this stage, he is never again forced to rely on his talismans, potions, or disguises.

In "The Return of Jafar" he is depicted as being a genie of almost unlimited power, easily defeating Genie with a musical number ("You're Only Second Rate") and imprisoning him in a magical orb, also being immune to all of Genie's spells. Though he seems to be bound by the same rules as the Genie (most notably being unable to kill), Jafar easily finds ways around these limitations, such as transporting the bandit Abis Mal underwater when he wishes for sunken treasure and threatening to let him drown, or tricking Agrabah soldiers into executing Aladdin. Although he is forced to find ways around his inability to kill anyone, Jafar shows very little displeasure towards this weakness. When reminded of this weakness, he merely relies to his victim that "You'd be surprised what you can live through..." His only true weakness is his black lamp, as he, and any other genie, will die if the lamp is destroyed.

He makes one appearance in "Hercules and the Arabian Night", in which he has been sent to the Greek underworld and has lost his status as a genie. Although dead and powerless, Jafar makes a deal with Hades, who resurrects him in exchange for his services. However, he is still able to perform magic with his staff, although it is nowhere near as good as when he was the world's most powerful sorcerer, although he still claimed he is "the greatest sorcerer the world has ever known". Here he is able to summon giant monsters, fire red energy blasts with his staff, and also shapeshifting into the old man from the first "Aladdin" film at will (the form that tricked Aladdin to venture into the Cave of Wonders), and freeze things in blocks of ice. It seems likely that this magic was provided by Hades when he resurrected him.

History

Films

In the first film, Jafar tries to use Genie's powers to take over Agrabah, first wishing to become the sultan, and then the most powerful Sorcerer in the world. After battling Aladdin with his questionable sense of humor, Jafar transforms himself into a giant cobra in an attempt to kill Aladdin, but just as Jafar is squeezing him to death, Aladdin tricks Jafar into using his third and final wish to become an all-powerful genie himself and the strongest entity in the Disney universe. In Western culture, genies are almost always portrayed as being confined to small oil lamps until they are released to do a human's bidding; Jafar is therefore trapped by his own wish for power.

Jafar is more a present part of the plot than other Disney villains, especially during the era in which he was created, with proportionately more airtime than most other Disney villains. Many scenes featuring Aladdin are mirrored with scenes featuring Jafar, back to back, in which one can see Jafar's interactions with other characters, giving the viewer a more "personal" experience with the villain. His unique characteristics compared to most Disney villains are probably the reason that he lived at the end of his movie, at the same time arguing with Iago ("Get your blasted beak out of my face!" "Oh, shut up, you moron!" "Don't tell "me" to shut up!").

In "The Return of Jafar", the now-genie Jafar is released by Abis Mal, and, after cunningly making Abis-Mal waste his first two wishes, threatens Abis into helping him. His plan included kidnapping (and in some instances, replacing) the royal family and framing Aladdin for the Sultan's "death," which would have caused him to be beheaded, but (with help from a reformed Iago) the heroes manage to escape. When Jafar discovers this, he opens up a fissure into the earth in order to destroy Aladdin and the others. Believing to have won, Jafar is surprised to see Iago genuinely helping the heroes and shoots down his former ally with a fireball as Iago grabs the lamp. A badly injured Iago manages to kick the lamp into the lava, melting the lamp into nothingness. With a scream of anger and fear, Jafar disintegrates in a burst of light and disappears. Although he never appeared in the series made after the movie, Jafar was mentioned a few times, even in episodes involving the evil teenage sorcerer Mozenrath.

"“Hello Aladdin, Remember Me? Just another blast from your past!”" Jafar to Aladdin in Hercules and the Arabian Night"'

Jafar later made one more attempt at revenge in an episode ("Hercules and the Arabian Night") of Disney's "Hercules" , where he is temporarily resurrected by Hercules's arch-enemy, Hades, although he lost his status as an all-powerful immortal genie when he died. The two villains team up to get rid of Aladdin "and" Hercules by having them fight against each other, but their plan fails and Jafar ends up dead again when Hercules snaps his staff in half, He slowly turns back into a ghost, and as he's standing in the river, the souls pull on his clothes and drag him down with them into the river styx. Afterwards he has not at this point made any reappearances in the official "Aladdin" continuity.

As far as Jafar's family goes, he has a fraternal twin sister named Nasira (who never appeared in the movies and series) who tried bringing her brother back to life in the game "Nasira's Revenge". Jafar's sister is very similar both in appearance and actions as Maleficent. She respects Jafar and the sibling bond between them is very strong.

"Kingdom Hearts" series

Jafar's Japanese voice actor in all these games is Akira Takarada. He is voiced by Jonathan Freeman in the English version of the games. Jafar and Maleficent seem to be close friends in Kingdom Hearts.

Jafar debuted as one of the members of Maleficent's inner circle. Here, he plans to use the Heartless and take over Agrabah. Eventually, Jafar kidnaps Princess Jasmine, one of the seven Princesses of Heart. Aladdin tries to save her by using a wish, but Iago then steals the lamp and gives it to Jafar. Jafar tries to kill Sora by sending the Pot Centipede Heartless after him while he makes his way to the Cave of Wonders. He uses his magic to control the Cave of Wonders Guardian. Inside the Cave of Wonders, Jafar makes his first wish to show Agrabah's Keyhole. [Jafar: My first wish, Genie! Show me the Keyhole! cite video game| title = Kingdom Hearts| developer = Square| publisher = Square Electronic Arts| date= 2002-11-15 |platform= PlayStation 2] Then, at Jafar's boss fight, he makes his second wish to make Genie crush Sora and the gang. Genie then reluctantly fights alongside Jafar against Sora and friends. [Jafar: Genie! My second wish. Crush them! / Aladdin: Genie, no! / Genie: Sorry, Al. The one with the lamp calls the shots. I don’t have a choice. cite video game| title = Kingdom Hearts| developer = Square| publisher = Square Electronic Arts| date= 2002-11-15 |platform= PlayStation 2] During this fight, Jafar typically stands on one of the stone blocks located around the area and attacks from above with a continuous beam of fire and a large ice storm in the center area of the room, occasionally drifting down for a more personal assault with his staff. After he is damaged enough in these confrontations, he turns into a ball of light and floats away, then resumes human form to continue the cycle again. In addition, when hit with Gravity magic, Jafar forms a protective shield around himself. After a brief moment of peace, Jafar makes his third wish to become a powerful genie and sinks into an underground lava filled chamber in which his boss fight takes place, throwing large spheres of lava at the party, and firing beams of magic from his eyes. His only vulnerable point is his lamp (carried by Iago), and following his defeat, Sora pulls him back into his lamp, but discovers too late that Jasmine is gone, having been taken away by Riku. After his defeat, Hades (meeting with Maleficent, Captain Hook, and Riku) comments that Jafar would have succeeded if Riku had assisted. Maleficent, however, explains that Jafar was beyond help and was consumed by his own hatred. She also warns Hades not to follow the same path. [Hades: That smarmy Vizier could’ve had `em — if someone had stuck around to give him a hand. / Riku: Hey, I did my part. I brought the princess, didn’t I? / Maleficent: Jafar was beyond help, consumed by his own hatred. One should beware of letting it burn too fiercely. cite video game| title = Kingdom Hearts| developer = Square| publisher = Square Electronic Arts| date= 2002-11-15 |platform= PlayStation 2] In the "Kingdom Hearts" manga, Jafar is somewhat afraid or intimidated by Maleficent, [Jafar: Excellent, Genie! With your powers, we can rule the world together! / Genie: Gimme a break, "master." / Maleficent: Jafar, are you thinking of setting out on your own? / Jafar: ("visibly startled") Maleficent! I was only kidding... / Maleficent: Try me. I can easily find a replacement. / Jafar: ... Comic book reference | Cartoonist = Shiro Amano | Title = Kingdom Hearts | Volume = 2 | Date = 2006-01-10 | Publisher = Tokyopop | ID = ISBN 1-59816-218-7 ] but quickly disregards her once he transforms into a genie. [Jafar: "Forget" Maleficent. With these powers, "I" can rule the universe!! Comic book reference | Cartoonist = Shiro Amano | Title = Kingdom Hearts | Volume = 2 | Date = 2006-01-10 | Publisher = Tokyopop | ID = ISBN 1-59816-218-7 ]

Jafar appears in ' with the Heartless to take over a facsimile of Agrabah created from Sora's memories. In order to get the lamp, he tricks Aladdin to get the lamp so he could make Jasmine marry him. [Aladdin: Well, there's this girl. Her name is Jasmine. She's princess of Agrabah. And...that's the problem. It's hard for a guy like me to get a chance to see her. That's how this all started. Jafar, the royal Vizier, said he would help me meet Jasmine. cite video game| title = Kingdom Hearts| developer = Square| publisher = Square Electronic Arts| date= 2002-11-15 |platform= PlayStation 2] Jafar's first wish is to obtain Jasmine in hopes of becoming King of Agrabah. [Jafar: If I marry Princess Jasmine, nothing can stop me from becoming king of Agrabah! You're nothing more than a pawn in my game, street rat! Genie! My first wish! Deliver Jasmine to me! cite video game| title = Kingdom Hearts| developer = Square| publisher = Square Electronic Arts| date= 2002-11-15 |platform= PlayStation 2] Elsewhere, he makes his second wish to make Genie protect him from a sneak attack, which was actually planned by Aladdin to have Jafar waste the wish. [Jafar: What's this? Has Aladdin given up on his precious Jasmine already? Well, I'm not going to waste a wish on the likes of you three. I'll deal with you myself! / Sora: Aladdin! Now! ("Aladdin appears") / Jafar: What? You! Genie, seize him! ("Aladdin charges toward Jafar, only to have Genie appear in front of him.") / Genie: Al, forgive me! ("Genie knocks Aladdin away") / Aladdin: Oof... You fell for it, Jafar! / Jafar: What do you mean? / Sora: He means that you just blew your second wish! Only one left! cite video game| title = Kingdom Hearts| developer = Square| publisher = Square Electronic Arts| date= 2002-11-15 |platform= PlayStation 2] Jafar's third and final wish is to become a genie. [Jafar:"' Well, well. The cunning of a rat. But, unfortunately, you can't see beyond the cheese. Your little ploy changes nothing! I can crush you once and for all AND make Jasmine my own! Genie! My last wish! Transform me into an all-powerful genie! cite video game| title = Kingdom Hearts| developer = Square| publisher = Square Electronic Arts| date= 2002-11-15 |platform= PlayStation 2] He teleports the gang to a room filled with lava and attacks by throwing magma rocks, shooting lasers and pounding his fists. He is unique in that he is the only boss that cannot be directly attacked; the player must attack Iago, who carries the lamp, when the platforms rise to an appropriate height. In the end, Jafar is defeated. In Riku's perspective, he appears as a boss that has to be defeated.

In "Kingdom Hearts II", Jafar's lamp is found by the Peddler, making him a target for Pete, who intends to make Jafar into a Heartless under his control. [Pete: Nice try, bird brain. Just wait till Jafar's free! He's gonna make one beauty of a Heartless! cite video game| title = Kingdom Hearts| developer = Square| publisher = Square Electronic Arts| date= 2002-11-15 |platform= PlayStation 2] But Sora and gang manage to take the lamp and seal it in hope Jafar would never reappear. But that is not to be when the Peddler discovers the lamp's hiding place and releases Jafar. After forcing Iago to keep Sora occupied with a magical clone of himself, Jafar kidnaps Jasmine. But Sora, Donald, Goofy, Aladdin and Iago escape the ruins and appear at the Palace to save Jasmine, with Iago taking the fireball that Jafar aimed at Aladdin. Jafar then takes to the skies in another attempt to destroy Agrabah, having Sora pursue him into the sky on Carpet, where Jafar used his genie-powers to manipulate reality against him. However, Sora destroys him, his mystical body damaged enough to explode, and Jafar's lamp is no more.

Appearances in other media

Jafar also appears at the Walt Disney Parks and Resorts as a meetable character.

In the Disney's Hollywood Studios version of Fantasmic! Nighttime Show Spectacular, Jafar is one of the villains The Queen evokes to fight Mickey Mouse and ruin his imagination. Like the movie, Jafar turns into a giant Cobra. When Mickey finds a lamp, he rubs it assuming it'll help, but Jafar instead changes into a Genie. Jafar then responds by calling Hades and Chernabog to help the rest of the villains. Mickey eventually destroys him with the rest of the villains after killing the dragon version of Maleficent.

Jafar appears with Ursula the Sea Witch, Oogie Boogie and Maleficent in Walt Disney World's Magic Kingdom halloween-themed fireworks program "HalloWishes" at Mickey's Not-So-Scary Halloween Party.

Jafar is featured in several episodes of "Disney's House of Mouse". He also appears briefly in "", and acts as the leader of the Disney villains in "Mickey's House of Villains".

Jafar also briefly appears in a cutaway gag in the "Family Guy" episode "Lois Kills Stewie" in a fictional film mentioned by Stewie called "Aladdin 4: Jafar May Need Glasses", referencing the sub-par nature of straight to video Disney films. However, Jonathan Freeman did not reprise his voice and it was done without his usual sinister tone. Also he has a slightly larger appearance and his cape is missing.

Although not directly referred to, there are similarities between Jafar's defeat in "Aladdin" and the defeat of the villain Freakshow in the "Danny Phantom" special "Reality Trip", as in both cases the hero- Aladdin in Jafar's case and Danny Phantom for Freakshow- defeated a nigh-omnipotent villain by tricking him into transforming into a more powerful entity that nevertheless possessed a crucial weakness the hero could exploit (In Freakshow's case, just as Jafar was confined to a lamp after turning himself into a genie, Freakshow turned himself into a ghost and was thus captured by the ghost-catching Fenton Thermos).

ee also

*"Aladdin" (film)
*"The Return of Jafar"
*"Hercules and the Arabian Night"

References

External links


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См. также в других словарях:

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  • Aladdin (film, 1992) — Aladdin Données clés Réalisation John Musker Ron Clements …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Aladdin (Disney) — Aladdin Personnage Disney Nom original Aladdin Espèce humain Sexe masculin Conjoint(e)/Fiancé(e) Jasmine Parents Cassim 1re apparition …   Wikipédia en Français

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