Unite (English coin)

Unite (English coin)

The Unite was the second English gold coin with a value of twenty shillings or one pound produced during the reign of King James I. It was named after the legends on the coin indicating the king's intention of uniting his two kingdoms of England and Scotland.cite book |title= Münznamen und ihre Herkunft |last= Klütz |first= Konrad |authorlink= |coauthors= |year=2004 |publisher= moneytrend Verlag|location=Vienna |isbn=3-9501620-3-8 |pages= p. 282 ] Herbert Grueber: "Handbook of the Coins of Great Britain and Ireland in the British Museum", Londra 1899. p. XXXIX [http://books.google.it/books?id=LESLAg3XguwC&pg=PP1&dq=Herbert+grueber+Hanbook&sig=8EvpytrUVWi7vXF3lt-n8Kz0Ny8] (reprint 1970 ISBN 1402110901)] The unite was valued at twenty shillings until 1612 when the increase in the value of gold throughout Europe caused it to be raised to twenty-two shillings. The coin was produced during James I's second coinage (1604-1619), and it was replaced in the third coinage by the Laurel worth twenty shillings. All the coins were produced at the Tower Mint in London.

Several busts of the king were used for this denomination, who is shown looking to the right of the coin and is holding the orb and sceptre; the style of the kings' beard varies during the issue. The legend on the obverse reads IACOBUS D G MA BRI FRA ET HI REX (Iacobus Deo Gratia Magnae Britanniae Franciae et Hiberniae Rex)-- "James by the grace of God King of Great Britain France and Ireland". The reverse shows a crowned shield which shows the arms of the four countries separating the letters IR -- "Iacobus Rex", King James, and the legend FACIAM EOS IN GENTEM UNAM -- "I will make them one nation".

Numerous issues of gold unites valued at twenty shillings were produced at the Tower Mint throughout the reign of King Charles I (1625-1649), both when the mint was under the kings' control and under Parliaments' control. They depict the crowned bust of the king on the obverse, looking left, with the value "XX" appearing behind the kings' head, and the legend CAROLUS D G MAG BR FR ET HI REX -- "Charles by the grace of God King of Great Britain France and Ireland". The reverse shows a crown over a shield bearing the royal arms and the legend FLORENT CONCORDIA REGNA -- "Through concord kingdoms flourish". During the Civil War, provincial mints produced very rare unites to pay the troops, at Chester, Oxford, Bristol, Exeter, Worcester and Shrewsbury -- some of these unites are unique coins.

Gold unites were also issued during the hammered phase of King Charles II (i.e. 1660-62), showing a left-facing bust of the king wearing a laurel and the legend CAROLUS II D G MAG BRIT FRAN ET HIB REX -- there were two issues, the second indicating the value "XX" behind the kings' head. The reverse shows a crown over the shield with the royal arms dividing the letters "CR" and the legend FLORENT CONCORDIA REGNA. The gold unite was replaced by the milled gold Guinea in 1663, and a twenty shilling coin did not reappear until the Sovereign of 1817.


See also

*British coinage

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Triple Unite (English coin) — The Triple Unite, valued at sixty shillings, 60/ or three pounds, was the highest English denomination to be produced in the era of the hammered coinage. It was only produced during the English Civil War, at King Charles I s mints at Oxford… …   Wikipedia

  • Noble (English coin) — Edward III: AV noble. 1354 1355. Pre treaty period, series E, London mint The Noble was the first English gold coin produced in quantity, having been preceded by the Gold penny and the Florin earlier in the reigns of King Henry III and King… …   Wikipedia

  • Laurel (English coin) — The Laurel was the third English gold coin with a value of twenty shillings or one pound produced during the reign of King James I. It was named after the laurel that the king is portrayed as wearing on his head, but it is considerably poorer in… …   Wikipedia

  • Unite — may refer to:Labor unions: *Unite the Union, a British and Irish trade union, formed by the merger of Amicus and T G *Unite Union, a trade union in New Zealand *Unite Union (Australia), a trade union in Australia *UNITE HERE, a labor union in the …   Wikipedia

  • unite — unite1 [yo͞o nīt′] vt. united, uniting [ME unyten < L unitus, pp. of unire, to unite < unus,ONE] 1. to put or bring together so as to make one; combine or join into a whole 2. a) to bring together in common cause, interest, opinion, etc.;… …   English World dictionary

  • One pound (British coin) — This article is about the circulating one pound coin issued since 1983. For earlier coins worth one pound, see Sovereign (British coin), Broad (British coin), Laurel (English coin), and Unite (English coin). One pound United Kingdom Value 1 pound …   Wikipedia

  • Crown of the Rose (coin) — A Crown of the Rose is an extremely rare gold coin of the Kingdom of England introduced in 1526 during the reign of Henry VIII, in an attempt to compete with the French ecu au soleil. The coin was not a success and just a few months later it was… …   Wikipedia

  • List of English monarchs — For the various rulers of the kingdoms within England prior to its formal unification, during the so called Heptarchy, see Bretwalda. For British monarchs since the Union of England and Scotland, see List of British monarchs. For monarchs that… …   Wikipedia

  • Richard III (play) — English actor David Garrick as Richard III just before the battle of Bosworth Field. His sleep having been haunted by the ghosts of those he has murdered, he wakes to the realisation that he is alone in the world and death is imminent. The… …   Wikipedia

  • Europe, history of — Introduction       history of European peoples and cultures from prehistoric times to the present. Europe is a more ambiguous term than most geographic expressions. Its etymology is doubtful, as is the physical extent of the area it designates.… …   Universalium