- Baal (play)
"Baal" was the first full-length play written by the German modernist
playwright Bertolt Brecht.Willett (1967, 22-23).] Set in Berlin's underworld, it concerns a wastrel youth who becomes involved in several sexual affairs and at least one murder. It was written in 1918, when Brecht was a 20-year-old student at Munich University,Willett and Manheim (1970, vii)] in response to the expressionist drama "The Loner" ("Der Einsame") by the soon-to-become-Nazi dramatist Hanns Johst.Thomson (1994, 25)] "Baal" did not receive a theatrical performance until 1923, when it opened on the 8th December at the [http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Altes_Theater_(Leipzig) Altes Theater] in Leipzig(in a production directed by Alwin Kronacher in which Brecht participated for most rehearsals).Sacks (1994, xviii)] Brecht wrote "Baal" prior to developing the dramaturgical techniques of 'epic theatre' that characterize his later work. He wrote a revised version with Elisabeth Hauptmannin 1926for a brief production at Max Reinhardt's Deutsches Theaterin Berlin, where he had worked recently as a dramaturg. It opened on the 14th February for a single matinée performance. It was performed by the Junge Bühne and directed by Brecht and Oskar Homolka(who also played the title role), with set-design by Caspar Neher. [Willett (1967, 22-23) and Sacks (1994, xviii).]
The story traces the decline of a drunken and dissolute poet, Baal, an
anti-herowho rejects the conventions and trappings of polite society. This honors the German " Sturm und Drang" tradition which celebrates the cult of the genius living outside the conventions of society that would later destroy him. "The outcast, the disillusioned tough becomes the hero; he may be criminal, he may be semi-human," argues John Willett, "but in plays like "Baal" he can be romanticized into an inverted idealist, blindly striking out at the society in which he lives."Willett (1967, 68).] Baal roams the countryside, womanizing and brawling. He seduces Johanna, who subsequently drowns herself. He spurns his pregnant mistress Sophie and abandons her. He murders his friend Ekart, becoming a fugitive from the police. Defiantly aloof from the consequences of his actions, Baal is nonetheless brought low by his debauchery, dying alone in a forest hut, hunted and deserted, and leaving in his wake the corpses of deflowered maidens and murdered friends.
:"as per the Bentley/Esslin translation"
*Baal -"a poet"
*Mech -"a publisher & big businessman"
*Mrs. Mech (Emily)
*Dr. Piller -"a critic"
*Johanna -"fiancee of Johannes"
*Ekart -"a composer"
*Louise -"a waitress"
*Mjurk -"owner of a nightspot"
*Maja -"a beggarwoman"
*Teamsters, Farmers, Lumberjacks, "etc".
*About 1911, in Augsburg, Germany and the surrounding region.
In 1982, musician/actor
David Bowieplayed the title role for a BBCtelevision production of "Baal". John WIllett provided the English translation and screenplay. Bowie's recordings of the play's five songs were released as an EP, "David Bowie in Bertolt Brecht's BAAL".
* Sacks, Glendyr. 1994. "A Brecht Calendar." In Thomson and Sacks (1994, xvii-xxvii).
* Thomson, Peter. 1994. "Brecht's Lives". In Thomson and Sacks (1994, 22-39).
* Thomson, Peter and Glendyr Sacks, eds. 1994. "The Cambridge Companion to Brecht". Cambridge Companions to Literature Ser. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521414466.
* Willett, John. 1967. "The Theatre of Bertolt Brecht: A Study from Eight Aspects." Third rev. ed. London: Methuen, 1977. ISBN 041334360X.
* Willett, John and
Ralph Manheim. 1970. "Introduction." In "Collected Plays: One" by Bertolt Brecht. Ed. John Willett and Ralph Manheim. Bertolt Brecht: Plays, Poetry and Prose Ser. London: Methuen. ISBN 0416 03280 X. p.vii-xvii.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Baal (disambiguation) — Baal is a Hebrew word meaning lord or master .Baal may also refer to: * Baal (demon), a Christian demon, loosely identified with the Canaanite god * Baal Peor, a Canaanite deity * Hadad, a Canaanite deity commonly known as Baal or Ba lu * Baal I … Wikipedia
Baal (EP) — Baal Мини альбом Дэвида Боуи … Википедия
Baal — Ba al (pronounced: IPA| [baʕal] ; Hebrew: בעל) (ordinarily spelled Baal in English) is a Northwest Semitic title and honorific meaning master or lord that is used for various gods who were patrons of cities in the Levant, cognate to Assyrian Bēlu … Wikipedia
Baal (EP) — Infobox Album Name = Baal EP Type = EP Artist = David Bowie Released = 13 February 1982 Recorded = Hansa By The Wall, Berlin, September 1981 Length = 11:14 Label = RCA BOW 11 Producer = Tony Visconti, David Bowie Reviews = *Allmusic Rating|4|5… … Wikipedia
Baal (David Bowie) — David Bowie in Bertolt Brecht s Baal Extended Play von David Bowie Veröffentlichung 1982 Label RCA … Deutsch Wikipedia
Baal — by Bertolt Brecht Premiered 1923. In this series of 22 scenes, Brecht depicts the dissolute life of a poet who has named himself for the heathen god of the Old Testament. The Israelites fell periodically into the worship of Baal, though… … Historical dictionary of German Theatre
List of X-Play characters — The video game review television program X Play has had numerous recurring sketch characters that have appeared throughout the show s history; during a preview for the game WWE Day of Reckoning 2 (Episode No. 5093), co hosts Adam Sessler and… … Wikipedia
The Mother (play) — The Mother (German: Die Mutter) is a play by the German modernist playwright Bertolt Brecht. It is based on Maxim Gorky’s 1906 novel of the same name. It was written in collaboration with Hanns Eisler, Slatan Dudow and Günter Weisenborn from… … Wikipedia
Боуи, Дэвид — У этого термина существуют и другие значения, см. Боуи. Дэвид Боуи David Bowie … Википедия
MUSIC — This article is arranged according to the following outline: introduction written sources of direct and circumstantial evidence the material relics and iconography notated sources oral tradition archives and important collections of jewish music… … Encyclopedia of Judaism