- Topic outline of biochemistry
:"For a more comprehensive list, see the
List of biochemistry topics." Biochemistryis the study of the chemical processes and transformations in living organisms, including the structureand function of cellular components, such as proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, and other biomolecules.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and introduction to biochemistry:
Essence of biochemistry
Biochemistry is the science deals with chemical composition and its reactions, happening in the living cells of organisms, such as mammals, vertebrates, plants and all living organisms.
Branches of biochemistry
Biochemistry has few branches how ever it touches almost any other Bio science matter and it came out of the Organic chemistry:=Main branches are=
Animal BiochemistryPlant BiochemistryMolecular BiologyCell BiologyMethabolizemImmunologyGeneticsenzimatic biology=Other branches are= BiotechnologyBioluminescenceMolecular ChemistryEnzymatic ChemistryBiogeneticsGenetic engineeringPharmaceuticals
History of biochemistry
: "Main article:
History of biochemistry"
Basic biochemistry concepts
*Major categories of bio-compounds:
Carbohydrates : sugar-- disaccharide-- polysaccharide-- starch-- glycogen
Lipids : fatty acid-- fats -- essential oils -- oils -- waxes -- cholesterol
Nucleic acids : DNA-- RNA-- mRNA-- tRNA-- rRNA-- codon-- adenosine-- cytosine-- guanine-- thymine-- uracil
amino acid-- glycine-- arginine-- lysine
peptide-- primary structure-- secondary structure-- tertiary structure-- conformation-- protein folding
molecular bond-- covalent bond-- ionic bond-- hydrogen bond-- ester-- ethyl
molecular charge-- hydrophilic-- hydrophobic-- polar
pH-- acid-- alkaline-- base
**oxidation -- reduction --
flagellin-- peptidoglycan-- myelin-- actin-- myosin
chitin-- keratin-- collagen-- silk
cellulose-- lignin-- cell wall
Enzymes and enzyme activity:
enzyme kinetics-- enzyme inhibition
proteolysis-- ubiquitin-- proteasome
Membranes : fluid mosaic model-- diffusion-- osmosis
phospholipids -- glycolipid-- glycocalyx-- antigen-- isoprene
ion channel-- proton pump-- electron transport-- ion gradient-- antiporter-- symporter-- quinone-- riboflavin
*Energy pathways :
chlorophyll-- carotenoids -- xanthophyll-- cytochrome-- phycobilin-- bacteriorhodopsin-- hemoglobin-- myoglobin-- absorption spectrum-- action spectrum-- fluorescence
Photosynthesis: light reaction-- dark reaction
Acetyl-CoA-- lactic acid
Cellular respiration: Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) -- NADH-- pyruvate-- oxalate-- citrate
hormones : auxin
signal transduction-- growth factor-- transcription factor-- protein kinase-- SH3 domain
tumor-- oncogene-- tumor suppressor gene
Integrin-- transmembrane receptor-- ion channel
electrophoresis-- chromatography-- mass spectrometry-- x-ray diffraction-- Southern blot-- fractionation-- Gram stain
Leaders in biochemistry
: "Main article:
List of biochemistry topics"
* [http://www.biochemweb.org/ The Virtual Library of Biochemistry and Cell Biology]
* [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/bv.fcgi?call=bv.View..ShowTOC&rid=stryer.TOC&depth=2 Biochemistry, 5th ed.] Full text of Berg, Tymoczko, and Stryer, courtesy of NCBI.
* [http://www.web.virginia.edu/Heidi/home.htm Biochemistry, 2nd ed.] Full text of Garrett and Grisham.
* [http://www.biotecnologia.co.cr/ Costa Rican Biotechnology Society]
* [http://www.biochem.mpg.de/valet/cellbio.html Cell Biochemistry]
* [http://acsinfo.acs.org/journals/bichaw/ Biochemistry (the scientific jounal)] .
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