Battle of Noreia


Battle of Noreia

Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Battle of Noreia
partof=the Cimbrian War


caption=The migrations of the Cimbri and the Teutons
date= 112 BC
place=Noreia, Noricum (Neumarkt, Austria)
result=Cimbrian victory
combatant1=Roman Republic
combatant2=Cimbri,
Teutones
commander1=Gnaeus Papirius Carbo
commander2=?
strength1=
strength2=
casualties1=
casualties2=

The Battle of Noreia in 112 BC, was the opening action of the Cimbrian War fought between the Roman Republic and the migrating Proto-Germanic tribes the Cimbri and the Teutons (Teutones). It ended in defeat, and near disaster, for the Romans.

Prelude

The Cimbri and Teutones left their home lands around the Baltic sea in the Jutland peninsula and Southern Scandinavia. They travelled southeast and encountered the Scordisci with whom they fought. Following their victory over the latter, they arrived at the Danube in Noricum (113 BC) which was home to the Taurisci, allies with Rome. Unable to repel these new invaders, the Taurisci appealed to Rome for assistance. The consul Gnaeus Papirius Carbo responded the following year, leading the legions into Noricum, where he took up a position on the heights near Aquileia [http://italian.classic-literature.co.uk/history-of-rome/04-the-revolution/ebook-page-67.asp 1] .

Battle

Carbo ordered them to vacate the territory of the Taurisci at once. The Cimbri had heard many stories from other tribes about the fearsome power of Rome, and after seeing the size of the Roman army and the strength of its position, they complied. However, Carbo was not going to allow enemies of Rome (nor an opportunity to gain a triumph) to escape. He had sent guides, to escort the Cimbri and Teutones to the frontier, instead they were going to lead them into an ambush the consul had prepared. But somehow, perhaps due to being warned by their scouts or spies or possibly due to the treachery of one of the guides, the Proto-Germanic people, became aware of Carbo's plan and, according to Theodor Mommsen:

:"an engagement took place not far from Noreia in the modern Carinthia, in which the betrayed gained the victory over the betrayer and inflicted on him considerable loss; a storm, which separated the combatants, alone prevented the complete annihilation of the Roman army." [http://italian.classic-literature.co.uk/history-of-rome/04-the-revolution/ebook-page-67.asp 2]

Aftermath

Carbo managed to escape with his life and the remnants of his army (though the Germanic tribesmen had erroneously thought and boasted that they had caught and slain their betrayer). He was disgraced and impeached as consul by the senate, but was not exiled as was customary treatment for defeated and disgraced commanders. Rome prepared for the worst, but instead of invading Italy the Cimbri and Teutones headed west, towards Gaul. There, in 105 BC, at the Battle of Arausio, another, larger, Roman force would not be as fortunate as Carbo's legions.

References

* [http://italian.classic-literature.co.uk/history-of-rome/04-the-revolution/ebook-page-67.asp Theodor Mommsen, "History of Rome", Book IV-"The Revolution" pg 67.]
*R. Ernest Dupuy, and Trevor N. Dupuy, "The Encyclopedia Of Military History: From 3500 B.C. To The Present. (2nd Revised Edition 1986)" pp 90-91.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Noreia — Migrations of the Cimbri and Teutons, including the location of Noreia. Cimbri and Teutons defeats …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Arausio — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Arausio partof=the Cimbrian War caption=The migrations of the Cimbri and the Teutons battle name=Battle of Arausio |date= October 6 105 BC place=Arausio, on the Rhône River France result=Decisive… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of the Teutoburg Forest — Part of the Roman Germanic wars Cenotaph of Marcus Caelius, 1st …   Wikipedia

  • Bataille de Noreia — La migration des Teutons et des Cimbres. Défaites cimbres et teutonnes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Campaign history of the Roman military — This article is part of the series on: Military of ancient Rome (portal) 753 BC – AD 476 Structural history Roman army (unit types and ranks …   Wikipedia

  • Cimbrian War — The migrations of the Cimbri and the Teutons …   Wikipedia

  • List of battles before 601 — List of battles: before 601 601 1400 1401 1800 1801 1900 1901 2000 2001 current See also: List of Roman battles Before 500 BC5th century BC4th century BC*398 BC Siege of Motya Phoenician city Motya sacked. *397 BC Battle of Messene Ionian Greek… …   Wikipedia

  • Roman infantry tactics — refers to the theoretical and historical deployment, formation and maneuvers of the Roman infantry from the start of the Roman Republic to the fall of the Western Roman Empire. The article first presents a short overview of Roman training. Roman… …   Wikipedia

  • Germanic Wars — The Germanic Wars is a name given to a series of Wars between the Romans and various Germanic tribes between 113 BC and 439 A.D. The nature of these wars varied through time between Roman conquest, Germanic uprisings and later Germanic invasions… …   Wikipedia

  • Marian reforms — This article is part of the series on: Military of ancient Rome (portal) 753 BC – AD 476 Structural history Roman army (unit types and ranks …   Wikipedia


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.