Caretaker government


Caretaker government

In politics, a caretaker government rules temporarily. A caretaker government is often set up following a war until stable democratic rule can be restored, or installed, in which case it is often referred to as a provisional government. In some countries (including Australia and New Zealand) the term is used to describe the government that operates in the interim period between the normal dissolution of parliament for the purpose of holding an election and the formation of a new government after the election results are known. "(See also Caretaker government of Australia.)"

Caretaker governments may also be put in place when a government in a parliamentary system is defeated in a motion of no confidence, or in the case when the house to which the government is responsible is dissolved, to rule the country for an interim period until an election is held and a new government is formed. This type of caretaker government is adopted in Bangladesh where an advisor council led by the former chief judge rules the country for 3 months before an elected government takes over. In systems where coalition governments are frequent a caretaker government may be installed temporarily while negotiations to form a new coalition take place. This usually occurs either immediately after an election in which there is no clear victor or if one coalition government collapses and a new one must be negotiated. [ [http://banglapedia.search.com.bd/HT/C_0041.htm Banglapedia: Caretaker Government] ]

Caretakers

Caretakers, similarly, are individuals who fill seats in government temporarily without ambitions to continue to hold office on their own. This is particularly true with regard to U.S. Senators who are appointed to office by the governor of their state following a vacancy created by the death or resignation of a sitting senator. Sometime governors wish to run for the seat themselves in the next election but do not want to be accused of unfairness by appointing themselves in the interim. Also, sometimes they do not wish to be seen as taking sides within a group of party factions or prejudicing the outcome of a primary election by picking someone who is apt to become an active candidate for the position. At one time, widows of politicians were often selected as caretakers to succeed their late husbands; this custom is rarely exercised today, as it could be viewed by some as nepotism.

In a similar vein, Nelson Rockefeller was said to be a "caretaker" Vice President of the United States (1974–1977). He was nominated for the office by President Gerald Ford, who had succeeded the resigned President Richard Nixon. Rockefeller made it apparent that he had no further presidential ambitions of his own (unlike many Vice Presidents), despite having run for the office three times in the past, and he had no intention of even running for a full term in the vice presidential office. He kept his intention when Ford's running mate in the 1976 presidential election was Senator Bob Dole.

In Canada, the more widely accepted term in this context is "interim", as in interim leader.

List of Caretaker Individuals and Governments

The following is a list of individuals who have been considered caretakers for government offices:

Individuals

Presidents

* José Linhares (Brazil)
* Pascoal Ranieri Mazzilli (Brazil)
* Alain Poher (France, esspecially second term)
* Émile Jonassaint (Haiti)
* Eduardo Rodríguez (Bolivia)
* Eduardo Duhalde (Argentina)

Prime Ministers

* Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington (United Kingdom, second term)
* Vincent Auriol (France)
* Waldemar Pawlak (Poland, first term)
* Malik Meraj Khalid (Pakistan)
* Moeenuddin Ahmad Qureshi (Pakistan)
* Balakh Sher Mazari (Pakistan)
* Malcolm Fraser (Australia)

"Caretaker" United States Senators

* Benjamin A. Smith II (D-MA)
* Harlan Mathews (D-TN)
* Thomas A. Wofford (D-SC)
* Jocelyn Burdick (D-ND)

Governments

*Caretaker government of Bangladesh
*Demissionary cabinet, a Dutch care taker cabinet.

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • caretaker government — UK US noun [countable] [singular caretaker government plural caretaker governments] a temporary government that is in charge of a country until a new government is elected Thesaurus: systems of government and types of government …   Useful english dictionary

  • caretaker government — caretaker ,government noun count a temporary government that is in charge of a country until a new government is elected …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • caretaker government — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms caretaker government : singular caretaker government plural caretaker governments a temporary government that is in charge of a country until a new government is elected …   English dictionary

  • Caretaker Government —    (1958 1960)    A military controlled government that assumed power on October 28, 1958, following the political confusion that resulted from the split of the Anti Fascist People s Freedom League (AFPFL) into Clean and Stable factions earlier… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • caretaker government — (Politics) government that rules temporarily, temporary government (in many cases this type of government is established subsequent to a war until steady democratic rule is restored) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • caretaker government — noun (C) a government that has power only for a short period of time between the end of one government and the start of another …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • Caretaker government of Australia — In Australia the term caretaker government is used to describe the government during a period that starts when the parliament is prorogued by the Governor General prior to a general election, and continues for a short period after the election,… …   Wikipedia

  • Caretaker government of Bangladesh — Infobox Political post post = Chief Adviser body = Bangladesh insignia = Prodhan upodeshta.jpg insigniasize = 75px insigniacaption = Caretaker Government of Bangladesh incumbent = Fakhruddin Ahmed incumbentsince = 13 January 2007 style = Chief… …   Wikipedia

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  • Army backed caretaker Government — is firstly introduced in Bangladesh. But how much it followed to Bangladesh Constitution it is questionable. Bangladeshi peoples were accustomed to see that caretaker government for only 90 days. But this is first time they are facing experience… …   Wikipedia


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