Israeli legislative election, 1999


Israeli legislative election, 1999

The Elections for the 15th Knesset were held on 17 May 1999 alongside simultaneous elections for Prime Minister.

Context

The elections were held at a time when negotiations with the Palestinians were going badly. Although the Wye River Memorandum had passed the Knesset, it had alienated both the left (who claimed the peace process was moving too slowly) and the right, who were unhappy with territorial concessions. The Likud-Gesher-Tzomet alliance had fallen apart, with more members leaving Likud to set up Herut – The National Movement and the Centre Party.

Netanyahu's government finally gave up the ghost due to difficulties in passing the state budget and in January 1999 passed a bill calling for early elections.

Before the elections, Ehud Barak's Labour Party formed an alliance with Gesher and Meimad called One Israel in the hope that a united front on the centre-left would give them enough seats to form a more stable coalition.

Results

Note that Yisrael Beiteinu gained a seat after the vote-sharing process was completed.

1 One Israel split into Labour-Meimad and Gesher

2 Five members left the Centre Party. Three set up New Way and two created Lev, which immediately merged into Likud. Later, two of the three that set up New Way resigned from the Knesset and were replaced by Centre Party members, whilst the remaining New Way MK joined Labour-Meimad

3 Two MKs left Yisrael BaAliyah to set up the Democratic Choice

4 Three MKs left the United Arab List; two set up the Arab National Party and one created National Unity - National Progressive Alliance

5 Herut broke away from the National Union, which became allied to Yisrael Beiteinu.

6 Ta'al broke away from Balad

Non-qualifiers

The following parties ran for election, but did not pass the electoral threshold of 1.5%:

*Pnina Rosenblum (44,953 - 1.3%)
*Power for Pensioners (37,525 - 1.1%)
*Ale Yarok (34,029 - 1.0%)
*The Third Way (26,290 - 0.7%)
*Green Party (13,292 - 0.4%)
*Tikva (7,366 - 0.2%)
*Casino Party (6,540 0.1%)
*Lev LaOlim - (6,311 - 0.1%)
*Negev Party (4,324 - 0.1%)
*Tzomet (4,128 - 0.1%)
*Natural Law Party (2,924 - 0.1%)
*Progressive Center Party (2,797 0.1%)
*Organization for Democratic Action (2,151 - 0.1%)
*New Arab Party (2,042 - 0.1%)
*Justice for All (1,257 - 0.04%)
*Moreshet Avot (1,164 - 0.04%)

Two parties initially signed up to participate in the election, but withdrew their candidacy before election day:
*Manhigut Yehudit
*Voice of the Environment

The Fifteenth Knesset

After winning the Prime Ministerial elections, Ehud Barak formed the 28th government of Israel on 6 July 1999. His coalition included One Israel, Shas, Meretz, Yisrael BaAliyah, the Centre Party, the National Religious Party and United Torah Judaism, and initially had 16 ministers, though the number later rose to 24. Avraham Burg was appointed as Speaker of the Knesset.

United Torah Judaism left the coaltion in September 1999 after a breach of the Sabbath. The government finally collapsed on 10 December 2000 when Barak resigned in the face of the outbreak of the Second Intifada and the Israeli Arab riots of October. Barak called new elections for the position of Prime Minister, which he lost to Ariel Sharon.

Sharon formed the 29th government on 7 March 2001. He set up a national unity government, including Likud, Labor-Meimad, Shas, the Centre Party, the National Religious Party, United Torah Judaism, Yisrael BaAliyah, and National Union-Yisrael Beiteinu. Sharon's government had 26 ministers, which later rose to 29, necessitating the addition of a small table to the end of the Ministers row in the Knesset.

External links

* [http://www.knesset.gov.il/review/ReviewPage.aspx?kns=15&lng=3 Historical overview of the Fifteenth Knesset] Knesset website en icon
* [http://www.knesset.gov.il/history/eng/eng_hist15_s.htm Election results] Knesset website


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Israeli legislative election, 2009 — 2006 ← 10 February 2009 → Next …   Wikipedia

  • Israeli legislative election, 1977 — 1973 ← 17 May 1977 → 1981 …   Wikipedia

  • Israeli legislative election, 2006 — The Elections for the 17th Knesset were held in Israel on 28 March 2006. The voting resulted in a plurality of seats for the then new Kadima party, followed by the Labour Party, and a major loss for the Likud party.After the election, the… …   Wikipedia

  • Israeli legislative election, 1996 — Elections for the fourteenth Knesset were held in Israel alongside the first ever election for Prime Minister on 29 May, 1996. Voter turnout was 79.3%. Results 1 One Nation broke away from Labour.2 Two MKs from Labour and four from Likud left to… …   Wikipedia

  • Realigning election — (often called a critical election or political realignment) are terms from political science and political history describing a dramatic change in the political system. Scholars frequently apply the term to American elections and occasionally to… …   Wikipedia

  • Timeline of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict — This is an incomplete timeline of notable events in the Israeli Palestinian conflict. TOC tart of Jewish migrationThere had been a continuous Jewish presence in the Holy Land since Biblical times, as well as smaller waves of immigration… …   Wikipedia

  • History of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict — The article discusses the history of the Israeli Palestinian conflict from the end of the nineteenth century to the present day. See also history of Jews and Arabs in the area for the history before the conflict. See also Israeli Palestinian… …   Wikipedia

  • New Democratic Party candidates, 2004 Canadian federal election — The New Democratic Party ran a full slate of candidates in the 2004 federal election, and elected nineteen members to become the fourth largest party in the legislature. Many of the party s candidate have their own biography pages; information… …   Wikipedia

  • History of the Arab–Israeli conflict — The Arab Israeli conflict is a modern phenomenon, which takes its roots back in the end of the 19th century. The conflict became a major international issue with the birth of Israel in 1948. The Arab Israeli conflict has resulted in at least five …   Wikipedia

  • Iranian presidential election, 2009 — 2005 ← 12 June 2009 → 2013 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.