- Trygve Lie
Infobox Secretary-General | name=Trygve Lie
Secretary-General of the United Nations
February 2, 1946
November 10, 1952
death_date=death date and age |1968|12|30|1896|7|16
Church of Norway
Trygve Halvdan Lie (IPAudio|Trygve_lie.ogg|/ˌtɾygʋə 'li:/) (
July 16, 1896– December 30, 1968) was a Norwegian politician. From 1946 to 1952 he was the first elected Secretary-General of the United Nations.
Lie was born in Kristiania on
16 July 1896. His father Martin left the family to work as a carpenter in the United Stateswhile his mother Hulda ran a boarding house.fact|date=March 2008 Lie joined the Labour Party in 1911 and was named as the party's national secretary soon after receiving his law degree from the University of Osloin 1919. He married Hjørdis Jørgensen in 1921; the couple had three daughters, Sissel, Guri, and Mette.
Lie was editor-in-chief for "
Det 20 århundre" ('The 20th Century') from 1919 to 1921. From 1922 to 1935 he was a legal consultant for the "Arbeidernes Faglige Landsorganisasjon" (named Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unionsfrom 1957). He chaired the Norwegian Workers' Confederation of Sportsfro 1931 to 1935.
In local politics he served as a member of the executive committee of Aker municipality council from 1922 to 1931. He was elected to the Norwegian Parliament from
Akershusin 1937. He was appointed Minister of Justice when a Labour Party government was formed by Johan Nygaardsvoldin 1935. Lie was later appointed Minister of Trade (July to October 1939) and Minister of Supplies (October 1939 to 1941).
An early admirer of the
October Revolutionin Russia, Lie once met Vladimir Leninand gave permission for Leon Trotskyto settle in Norway after he was exiled from the Soviet Union. It has been rumored that Lie succumbed to Joseph Stalin's wishes to have Trotsky placed under house arrest, though historians can neither confirm nor fully deny this. Lie later ordered Trotsky to leave Norway when Trotsky violated his promise to refrain from political activity.fact|date=March 2008
In 1940, when Norway was invaded by
Nazi Germany, Lie ordered all Norwegian ships to sail to Allied ports. In 1941 Lie was named as Foreign Minister of the Norwegian government-in-exile, and he remained in this position until 1946.
United Nations career
Lie led the Norwegian delegation to the
United Nationsconference in San Franciscoin 1946 and was a leader in drafting the provisions of the United Nations Security Council. He was the leader of the Norwegian delegation to the United Nations general assembly in 1946. On February 1, 1946, he was elected as the first Secretary General of the United Nations as a result of a compromise between the major powers, having only missed being elected President of the first General Assembly by a small margin. He gets much of the creditwho|date=March 2008 for securing the current site for the United Nations headquarters from John D. Rockefeller, Jr., and establishing the offices there.
As Secretary General, Lie supported the foundations of
Israeland Indonesia. He worked for the withdrawal of Soviet forces in Iranand a ceasefire to fighting in Kashmir. He attracted the ire of the Soviet Union when he helped gather support for the defense of South Koreaafter it was invaded in 1950 and later worked to end the Soviet boycott of UN meetings, though his involvement has only little to do with the eventual return of the Soviet Union to the UN. He was opposed to Spain's entry into the United Nations because of his opposition to the Franco government. He also sought to have the People's Republic of Chinarecognized by the United Nations after the Nationalist government was exiled to Taiwan, arguing that the People's Republic was the only government which could fulfill the membership obligations in full.
He has been criticized for his failures to facilitate negotiation in the
Berlin Blockade, as well as his failure to bring about a more swift end to the Korean War. His critics argue that he was under the influence of a select few in the UN Secretariat. He has also been criticized for his arrogance and stubbornness.
In 1950, over objections from the Soviet Union, the UN General Assembly voted by 46 votes to 5 to extended Lie's term of office. The vote was a consequence of an impasse in the Security Council in which the US refused to accept any candidate but Lie while the Soviet Union refused to consider Lie due to his involvement in the
Korean War. The Soviet Union subsequently refused to acknowledge Lie as Secretary General and, having been accused by Joseph McCarthyof hiring "disloyal" Americansndash an allegation which he attributed to the pressing need for civil servants following the establishment of the UNndash Lie resigned on November 10, 1952.
After the United Nations
Lie remained active in Norwegian politics after his resignation from the UN. He was the County Governor of Oslo and Akershus, Chairman of the Board of Energy, Minister of Industry, and Minister of Trade and Shipping. He authored a number of books.
Though he never achieved widespread popularity, he earned a reputation as a pragmatic, determined politician.who|date=March 2008
Lie died on
December 30, 1968of a heart attack. He was 72 years old.
* [http://www.un.org/Overview/SG/sg1bio.html Official U.N.S.G.biography]
* [http://www.trygveliegallery.com/ Trygve Lie Gallery] in New York
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Norwegian politician, first
United Nations Secretary-General
DATE OF BIRTH=
July 16, 1896
PLACE OF BIRTH=
DATE OF DEATH=
December 30, 1968
PLACE OF DEATH=
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Trygve Lie — Trygve Halvdan Lie 1º secretario General de Naciones Unidas Predecesor Gladwyn Jebb (Fundador … Wikipedia Español
Trygve Lie — Trygve Halvdan Lie (* 16. Juli 1896 in Grorud; † 30. Dezember 1968 in Geilo) war ein norwegischer Politiker und Rechtsanwalt. Von 1946 bis 1952 war er der erste offiziell ernannte Generalsekretär der Vereinten Nationen. Leben Trygve Lie studierte … Deutsch Wikipedia
Trygve Lie — 1er Secrétaire général des Nations unies Mandat 2 février 1946 10 novembre 1952 Prédécesseur Sir Gladwyn Jebb ( … Wikipédia en Français
Trygve Lie — (16. juli 1896 30. december 1968) var en norsk politiker. Fra 1946 til 1952 var han de Forenede Nationers første generalsekretær … Danske encyklopædi
Trygve Lie — noun Norwegian diplomat who was the first Secretary General of the United Nations (1896 1968) • Syn: ↑Lie, ↑Trygve Halvden Lie • Instance Hypernyms: ↑diplomat, ↑diplomatist … Useful english dictionary
Trygve Lie — Primer Secretario General de las Naciones Unidas. Nacido en Oslo, Noruega, el 16 de julio de 1896, hijo de Martin y Hulda Arnesen Lie. Estudió en la Universidad de Oslo, Ingresó a la vida política en su país a los 15 años cuando se hizo miembro… … Enciclopedia Universal
LIE (T.) — LIE TRYGVE (1896 1968) Secrétaire général de l’O.N.U. de 1946 à 1952. Après des études à l’université de Kristiania (Oslo), Trygve Lie embrasse la carrière juridique et devient un syndicaliste actif en même temps qu’un membre du conseil national… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Lie-Winkel — Lie bezeichnet: einen norwegischen Familiennamen. Bekannte Namenensträger sind Håkon Wium Lie (* 1965), Chief Technology Officer (CTO) bei Opera Håvard Lie (* 1975), norwegischer Skispringer Jonas Lie (1833–1908), norwegischer Dichter Jonas Lie… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Trygve — may refer to: * Trygve Lie (1896 1968), first United Nations Secretary General * Trygve Haavelmo (1911 1999), Norwegian economist, Nobel Prize laureate * Trygve Solaas (1962 ), Famous Norwegian Shipbuilder and LumberJackTrygve may also refer to… … Wikipedia
Trygve — ist ein skandinavischer, männlicher Vorname. Formen Tryggvi, Tryggve Namensträger Trygve Magnus Haavelmo (1911–1999), norwegischer Ökonom und Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften Trygve Lie (1896–1968), norwegischer Politiker und… … Deutsch Wikipedia