Robert Bárány


Robert Bárány

Infobox Scientist
name = Robert Bárány


imagesize =180px
caption = Robert Bárány
birth_date = April 22, 1876
birth_place = Vienna, Austria
death_date = April 8,1936
death_place =
nationality = Austria
field = Medicine
work_institutions = Uppsala University
alma_mater = Vienna University
prizes = Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1914)

Robert Bárány (April 22, 1876 – April 8,1936) was an Hungarian-Jewish physician. For his work on the physiology and pathology of the vestibular apparatus of the ear he received the 1914 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

Bárány was born in Vienna. He attended medical school at Vienna University, graduating in 1900. As a doctor in Vienna, Bárány was syringing fluid into the inner ear of a patient to relieve the patient's dizzy spells. The patient experienced vertigo and nystagmus (involuntary eye movement) when Bárány injected fluid that was too cold. In response, Bárány warmed the fluid for the patient and the patient experienced nystagmus in the opposite direction. Bárány theorized that the endolymph was sinking when it was cool and rising when it was warm, and thus the direction of flow of the endolymph was providing the proprioceptive signal to the vestibular organ. He followed up on this observation with a series of experiments on what he called the caloric reaction. The research resulting from his observations made surgical treatment of vestibular organ diseases possible. Bárány also investigated other aspects of equilibrium control, including the function of the cerebellum.

He served with the Austrian army during World War I as a civilian surgeon and was captured by the Russian Army. When his Nobel Prize was awarded in 1914, Bárány was in a Russian prisoner of war camp. He was released in 1916 following diplomatic negotiations with Russia conducted by Prince Carl of Sweden and the Red Cross. He was then able to attend the Nobel Prize awards ceremony in 1916, where he was awarded his prize. From 1917 until his death he was professor at Uppsala University.

ee also

*Bárány chair
*List of Austrian scientists
*Famous Austrians
*Spatial disorientation
*Instrument flight
*Instrument rating

References

*"Nobel Lectures, Physiology or Medicine 1901-1921", Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1967.

External links

* [http://nobelprize.org/medicine/laureates/1914/barany-bio.html Robert Bárány – Biography] at Nobelprize.org


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Robert Bárány — [ˈroːbɛrt ˈbaːraːɲ] (* 22. April 1876 in Wien, Österreich; † 8. April 1936 in Uppsala, Schweden) war ein Mediziner und Neurobiologe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Barany — Róbert Bárány Róbert Bárány [ˈroːbɛrt ˈbaːraːɲ] (* 22. April 1876 in Wien, Österreich; † 8. April 1936 in Uppsala, Schweden) war ein österreichisch ungarischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Róbert Bárány — [ˈroːbɛrt ˈbaːraːɲ] (* 22. April 1876 in Wien, Österreich; † 8. April 1936 in Uppsala, Schweden) war ein österreichisch ungarischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Barany — Robert Bárány Robert Bárány Robert Bárány (22 avril, 1876 – 8 avril 1936) était un médecin autrichien. Il a reçu en 1914 le prix Nobel de médecine pour son travail en physiologie et pathologie sur l …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Robert Bárány — Naissance 22 avril 1876 Vienne (Autriche) Décès 8 avril 1936 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Robert Bárány — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Robert Barany Robert Bárány (n. Viena, 22 de abril de 1876 † Uppsala, Suecia, 8 de abril de 1936). Médico austríaco. Realiz …   Wikipedia Español

  • Robert Barany — Robert Bárány (n. Viena, 22 de abril de 1876 † Uppsala, Suecia, 8 de abril de 1936). Médico austríaco. Realizó todos sus estudios en Viena hasta graduarse en la facultad de medicina vienesa en 1900. Realizó prácticas de interna …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Robert Barany — noun Austrian physician who developed a rotational method for testing the middle ear (1876 1936) • Syn: ↑Barany • Instance Hypernyms: ↑doctor, ↑doc, ↑physician, ↑MD, ↑Dr., ↑medico …   Useful english dictionary

  • Medizinnobelpreis 1914: Robert Bárány —   Der österreichische Neurophysiologe und Ohrenarzt erhielt den Nobelpreis für seine Arbeiten zur Physiologie und Pathologie des Gleichgewichtsorgans.    Biografie   Robert Bárány, * Wien 22. 4. 1876, ✝ Uppsala (Schweden) 8. 4. 1936; 1900… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • épreuve de Bárány (du nom du médecin autrichien Robert Bárány [1876-1936], Prix Nobel de médecine 1914) — ● épreuve de Bárány (du nom du médecin autrichien Robert Bárány [1876 1936], Prix Nobel de médecine 1914) Épreuve calorique permettant d étudier les organes et les voies de l équilibration (vestibule de l oreille interne et centres nerveux… …   Encyclopédie Universelle


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