Samuel Sprigg


Samuel Sprigg

Samuel Sprigg (c.1783ndash April 21, 1855) served as Governor of the state of Maryland in the United States from 1819 to 1822.

Background

Samuel Sprigg was probably born in Prince George's County, Maryland, although conclusive proof has not been found.cite book
last=Buchholz
first=Henrich Ewald
authorlink=
coauthors=
title=Governors of Maryland from the Revolution to the Year 1908
publisher=Wiliams & Wilkins Company
date=1908
location=Baltimore
pages=pages 91-94
url=http://books.google.com/books/pdf/Governors_of_Maryland__from_the_Revoluti.pdf?id=CPsMAAAAYAAJ&output=pdf&sig=zGwhM1b1mQg-a_4HEdfZGH7zJBs
doi=
id=
isbn=
] His father was Joseph Sprigg and was married several times. He was likely born to his father's third wife, Margaret Elzey Weems between 1781-1783. After his father's death in 1800, he was adopted by his uncle, Osborn Sprigg. He would eventually inherit Osborne's Prince George's County estate of Northampton.cite web
url=http://www.pghistory.org/PG/PG300/sprigg.html
title=Prince George's County: Over 300 years of History - Oden Bowie
publisher=Prince George's County Historical Society
date=1996
accessdaymonth=6 December
accessyear=2007
]

On January 1, 1811, Sprigg married Violetta Lansdale, daughter of Thomas Lancaster Cornelia Von Horne. They eventually had two children.

Political career

Sprigg joined the Republican Party at time when there was a Republican resurgence in the state against the Federalists. He was elected Governor by the Maryland General Assembly on December 13, 1819, running against Charles Goldsborough.

His administration was marked by partisan bitterness between the Republicans and Federalists. Specific issues were State constitutional reform and direct election of the state government (both opposed by the Federalists). Both of these efforts were defeated during Sprigg's administration, but would pass later.

His administration was very concerned with providing infrastructure to the western part of the state, embracing the construction of roads as well as completion of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. Under his administration, the charter of the Potomac Company to complete the canal was canceled due to poor performance and given to a new enterprise, the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company. He served on the Board of Directors for the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company.cite web
url=http://www.nga.org/portal/site/nga/menuitem.29fab9fb4add37305ddcbeeb501010a0/?vgnextoid=061e224971c81010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD&vgnextchannel=e449a0ca9e3f1010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD
title=Governor's Information: Maryland Governor Samuel Sprigg
publisher=National Governors Association
accessdaymonth=6 December
accessyear=2007
]

He was re-elected to the Governorship, first in 1820 and again in 1821.

Sprigg retired from the Governor's office and from politics on December 16, 1822.

Death and legacy

Sprigg died on April 25, 1855 and was buried at St. Barnabas Church in Upper Marlboro, Maryland but was moved to Oak Hill Cemetery in Georgetown.

References


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