Macaque


Macaque

Taxobox
name = MacaquesMSW3 Groves|pages=161-165]



image_caption = Crab-eating Macaque ("Macaca fascicularis")
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Mammalia
ordo = Primates
familia = Cercopithecidae
subfamilia = Cercopithecinae
genus = "Macaca"
genus_authority = Lacepede, 1799
type_species = "Simia inuus"
type_species_authority = Linnaeus, 1758 = "Simia sylvanus" Linnaeus, 1758
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = See text.
The macaques (pronEng|məˈkæk) constitute a genus ("Macaca", IPA|/məˈkækə/) of Old World monkeys of the subfamily Cercopithecinae.

Aside from humans (genus "Homo"), the macaques are the most widespread primate genus, ranging from northern Africa to Japan. Twenty-two macaque species are currently recognised, and they include some of the monkeys best known to non-zoologists, such as the Rhesus Macaque (as the Rhesus Monkey), "Macaca mulatta", and the Barbary Macaque (as the Barbary Ape), "M. sylvanus", a colony of which lives on the Rock of Gibraltar. Although several species lack tails, and their common names therefore refer to them as apes, these are true monkeys, with no greater relationship to the true apes than any other Old World monkeys.

Several species of macaque are used extensively in animal testing.

In the late 1990s it was discovered that nearly all (about 90%) pet and captive macaques are carriers of the herpes-B virus. This virus is harmless to macaques, but infections of humans, while rare, are potentially fatal. A 2005 University of Toronto study showed that urban performing macaques also carried simian foamy virus, suggesting they could be involved in the species-to-species jump of similar retroviruses to humans. [ [http://www.news.utoronto.ca/bin6/051208-1906.asp University of Toronto - News@UofT - Performing monkeys in Asia carry viruses that could jump species to humans (Dec 8/05) ] ]

Species list

Genus "Macaca"
* "M. sylvanus" group
** Barbary Macaque, "Macaca sylvanus"
* "M. nemestrina" group
** Lion-tailed Macaque, "Macaca silenus"
** Southern Pig-tailed Macaque or Beruk, "Macaca nemestrina"
** Northern Pig-tailed Macaque, "Macaca leonina"
** Pagai Island Macaque, "Macaca pagensis"
** Siberut Macaque, "Macaca siberu"
** Moor Macaque, "Macaca maura"
** Booted Macaque, "Macaca ochreata"
** Tonkean Macaque, "Macaca tonkeana"
** Heck's Macaque, "Macaca hecki"
** Gorontalo Macaque, "Macaca nigriscens"
** Celebes Crested Macaque, "Macaca nigra"
* "M. fascicularis" group
** Crab-eating Macaque, "Macaca fascicularis"
** Stump-tailed Macaque, "Macaca arctoides"
* "M. mulatta" group
** Rhesus Macaque, "Macaca mulatta"
** Formosan Rock Macaque, "Macaca cyclopis"
** Japanese Macaque, "Macaca fuscata"
* "M. sinica" group
** Toque Macaque, "Macaca sinica"
** Bonnet Macaque, "Macaca radiata"
** Assam Macaque, "Macaca assamensis"
** Tibetan Macaque, "Macaca thibetana"
** Arunachal Macaque, "Macaca munzala"

References

External links

* [http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/vol4no1/ostrowsk.htm CDC papers on Herpes B in macaques]
* [http://brainmaps.org/index.php?p=speciesdata&species=macaca-mulatta Macaque Monkey Brain Atlas]
*British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection [http://www.petatv.com/tvpopup/video.asp?video=covance&Player=qt&speed=_med film about macaques in laboratories] , featuring primatologists Dr. Jane Goodall and Dr. Steven Brend
* [http://pin.primate.wisc.edu/factsheets/links/macaca Primate Info Net "Macaca" Factsheets]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • macaque — [ makak ] n. m. • 1680; mecou 1654; port. macaco 1 ♦ Singe d Asie, primate sociable à corps trapu, à museau proéminent et à grandes abajoues. Un macaque femelle. Macaque rhésus. 2 ♦ Fig. et fam. Homme très laid. ⇒ 1. magot. Elle ne va pas épouser …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Macaque — Ma caque , n. [F. See {Macacus}.] (Zo[ o]l.) Any one of several species of short tailed monkeys of the genus {Macaca} (formerly {Macacus}), found in rocky regions of Asia and Africa; as, {Macaca maurus}, the moor macaque of the East Indies. Note …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • macaque — E. Indian monkey, 1757, from Fr. macaque, from Port. macaco monkey, a Bantu word brought from Africa to Brazil (where it was applied 17c. to a type of monkey there). Introduced as a genus name 1840 …   Etymology dictionary

  • macaque — ► NOUN ▪ a medium sized monkey with a long face and cheek pouches for holding food. ORIGIN from Bantu makaku some monkeys …   English terms dictionary

  • macaque — [mə käk′] n. [Fr < Port macaco, monkey] any of a genus (Macaca) of monkeys of Asia, Africa, and the East Indies, with a long or short tail that is not prehensile, including the rhesus monkey and Barbary ape …   English World dictionary

  • Macaque — Pour les arbres ou arbustes appelés « macaque » ou « bois macaque », voir macaque (arbre) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • macaque — /meuh kak , kahk /, n. any monkey of the genus Macaca, chiefly of Asia, characterized by cheek pouches and, usually, a short tail: several species are threatened or endangered. [1690 1700; < F < Pg macaco monkey. See MACACO] * * * I Any of about… …   Universalium

  • macaque — (ma ka k ) s. m. et f. 1°   Genre de singes à tête plate et à queue courte. Un macaque. Une macaque. 2°   Ver macaque, ver maringouin, flugacuru, ou berne, larves, dans l Amérique méridionale, qui sont redoutées à l égal des moustiques ; dites,… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • macaque — noun Etymology: French, from Portuguese macaco, from kaku mangabey, plural makaku, in one or more Bantu languages of Gabon and Congo Date: 1757 any of a genus (Macaca) of chiefly Asian monkeys typically having a sturdy build and including some… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • MACAQUE — s. m. T. d Hist. natur. Genre de singes à tête plate et à queue courte …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)


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