- Stalag XI-B
Stalag XI-B was a
German Army POW campnear Fallingbostelin Lower Saxony, north-western Germany.
* Originally a work camp at the west end of the huge German Army training grounds Bergen, it was transformed into a POW camp at the end of 1939, to serve as a base for prisoners working in "
* In July 1941 over 10,000
Sovietarmy officers were imprisoned here. Thousands of them died in the winter of 1941/42 as a result of a typhoid fever epidemic.
* Later prisoners of many other nationalities were incarcerated here.
* On 11 October 1944 475 women fighters of the
Warsaw Uprisingwere transported to Fallingbostel. 90 officers and 9 orderlies were transferred to sub-camp Bergen-Belsen, then later transferred to Oflag IX-Cin Molsdorf. The balance were later transferred to Stalag VI-Cin Oberlangen.
* In December 1944 members of the
US Army42nd Division, Co. B and G, 232 Infantry Regiment captured during the Battle of the Bulgewere brought to Stlag XI-B.
* On April 16, 1945 the camp was liberated by the
British 8th Army.
Close to 1,000 smaller
Arbeitslager, called "Arbeitskommandos" were operated by this stalag, including:
* Eibia GmbH, Bomlitz - production of explosives and
gunpowder. Under the Third Geneva Conventionthe use of POWs for this type of work was prohibited. However the German Army used Soviet prisoners because for them they disregarded this prohibition.
* Army Ammunition Factory, Muna
List of German WWII POW camps
* [http://www.relikte.com/ Prisoner-of-war camps in Germany] in German
* [http://www.polishresistance-ak.org/12%20Article.htm Women prisoners]
* [http://www.wv-amexpow.org/POW%20bios%20w%20pics.htm WV-AmExPOW.org]
* [http://www.nzetc.org/tm/scholarly/WH2-1Epi-fig-WH2-1Epi-h007a.html Sketch of Kommando Barracks attached to Stalag XIB (from New Zealand official history)]
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