Lindau


Lindau

Infobox German Location
type = Stadt
name = Lindau
name_local =
image_coa = Wappen Lindau (Bodensee).png

state = Bavaria
regbzk = Swabia
district = Lindau
population = 24537
population_as_of = 2006-12-31
area = 33.18
elevation = 401
lat_deg = 47 | lat_min = 32 | lat_sec=0 | lat_hem = N
lon_deg = 9 | lon_min = 41 | lon_sec=0 | lon_hem = E
postal_code = 88131
area_code = 08382
licence = LI
mayor = Petra Meier to Bernd-Seidl (CSU)
website = [http://www.lindau.de/ lindau.de]

Lindau is a German town and an island in the eastern part of the Lake Constance, the Bodensee. It is located in the "Bundesland" of Bavaria and is also capital of the district of Lindau. The historic city of Lindau is located on an convert|0.68|km2|sqmi|adj=on island which is connected with the mainland by bridge and railway.

History

The name Lindau was first mentioned by a monk from St. Gallen in a document of 882, stating that Adalbert, count of Raetia, had founded a nunnery on the island. However remains of an early Roman settlement dating back to the 1st century have been found in the district of Aeschach.

In 1180 the St. Stephan's church was founded. In 1224 the Franciscans founded a monastery on the island. In 1274/75 Lindau became an Imperial Free City under King Rudolph I. In 1528, Lindau accepted the Protestant Reformation. The city first followed the Tetrapolitan Confession, and then the Augsburg Confession. After the Thirty Years' War, in 1655 the first "Lindauer Kinderfest" (children's festival) was held in memory of the war time.

After the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire, Lindau lost its status as an Imperial Free City in 1802. The city went to Karl August von Bretzenheim who gave the city and monastery to the Kingdom of Austria in 1804. In 1805 Austria returned the city to Bavaria.

In 1853 the rail causeway was built to the island. In 1856 the city built a new harbour with its characteristic landmark, the lion sculpture, together with Bavaria's only lighthouse.

In 1922 the independent districts of Aeschach, Hoyren and Reutin merged with the town of city. After World War II Lindau fell under French administration. In 1955 Lindau again returned to Bavaria.

Lindau is located near the meeting point of the Austrian, German and Swiss borders. It nestles on the lake under Pfänder mountain. Lindau is popular with sightseers and holidaymakers for its medieval city centre and pleasant location on Lake Constance. Since 1951, the Nobel Laureate Meetings at Lindau [Meeting of Nobel Laureates in Lindau [http://www.lindau-nobel.net/ )] attract many Nobel prize winners to Lindau every year. A congress of medical physics is also held yearly. The casino owned by the state of Bavaria is a further attraction.

Tourist attractions

* Port entrance with Lighthouse and Bavarian Lion
* Church of St. Stephan
* Peterskirche (Church of St. Peter)
* Cathedral "Unserer Lieben Frau" former church of the monastery ’’Maria Himmelfahrt’’
* Maximilianstraße (main shopping street)
* Historic Town Hall
* Promenade on the Aeschach lake side

Economy

In former times an important trading route from Nuremberg to Italy passed through Lindau ; the lake fishery has also played a big role in the economy of the city. In the 19th century Lindau was an important location for textile industries. Today there are a lot of small companies amongst some industrial companies:

* Lindauer DORNIER GmbH (Textile machines)
* Liebherr (Electronics)
* [http://www.metzeler-profiles.com/ Metzeler Automotive Profile Systems]
* [http://www.aximaref.de/ Axima Refrigeration] (former Sulzer-Escher-Wyss, refrigeration and air conditioning plants)
* Lindauer Fruchtgarten (former Lindavia, fruit drinks)
* ADC Automotive Distance Control (Automotive distance controls)
* [http://www.tanner.de/ Tanner AG] (Technical documentations)
* [http://www.infolox.de/ infolox GmbH] (Product catalogues)

Cooperations

Since 1964 Lindau has a cooperation with the French City of Chelles which was initiated by the returned French soldiers after World War II.

Schools

Lindau has two main high schools: Bodensee-Gymnasium and Valentin-Heider-Gymnasium.

Genealogy

Lindau is believed to be the origin of the Lindauer surname of Germany, Switzerland, Alsace-Lorraine, Austria and the Czech Republic.

Sister cities

*flagicon|RUS Serpukhov (Russia)

References

External links

* [http://www.lindau.de Official website]
* [http://www.pictures-germany.com/lindau/ Free Pictures Lindau]
* [http://www.vega.org.uk/video/subseries/7 A Week with Nobel Laureates at Lindau] , free video from the Vega Science Trust]
* [http://www.vega.org.uk/video/series/4 Interviews with Nobel Laureates at Lindau] , free videos from the Vega Science Trust]


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Lindau [2] — Lindau, 1) Rudolf, Diplomat und Schriftsteller, geb. 10. Okt. 1829 in Gardelegen, ging 1860 in diplomatischer Mission der Schweiz nach Japan, um den Handelsvertrag zwischen beiden Ländern vorzubereiten, und wurde nach Abschluß desselben zum… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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  • Lindau [2] — Lindau, Paul, Schriftsteller, geb. 3. Juni 1839 in Magdeburg, in Berlin 1872 81 Redakteur der »Gegenwart« und seit 1877 Herausgeber der Monatsrevue »Nord und Süd«, 1895 99 Intendant des Meininger Hoftheaters, 1900 3 Direktor des Berliner Theaters …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lindau — Lindau, bayer. Stadt auf 2 Inseln im Bodensee, durch eine Eisenbahn mit Augsburg verbunden, hat einen Hafen, 3500 E., sehr lebhaften Verkehr, in der reizenden Umgebung mehre schöne Landhäuser. L. war bereits im 13. Jahrh. Reichsstadt mit… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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