- Indrajal Comics
Indrajal Comics was a series launched by the publisher of "
The Times of India", Bennet, Coleman & Co in March 1964. The first 32 issues contained Lee Falk's " The Phantom" stories, but thereafter, the title alternated between various King Featurescharacters, including Lee Falk's "Mandrake", Alex Raymond's " Flash Gordon", " Rip Kirby" and Phil Corrigan, Roy Crane's " Buz Sawyer", Allen Saunders' "Mike Nomad" and " Kerry Drake" and Steve Dowling's "Garth". Later it also published Bahadur, an Indian comic hero created by Abid Surti.
In March 1964, the publisher of The Times of India, Bennet, Coleman & Co., launched a new series called Indrajal ComicsFact|date=March 2008. The first 32 issues contained The Phantom stories, but thereafter, the title alternated between various King Features characters, including Mandrake, Flash Gordon, and Buz Sawyer.
Indrajal Comics commenced with a monthly schedule. The first 10 issues devoted 16 pages to The Phantom, so many of the stories were edited to fit this format. Twelve pages were devoted to general knowledge (Gold Key style) and other stuff. The next 19 issues were 20-24 pages. Beginning with issue #29Fact|date=March 2008, Indrajal standardised on the conventional 32 page format. The series switched to fortnightly publication from #35Fact|date=March 2008 on 1 Jan 1967 (released on the 1st and 15th of each month). Mandrake made his first of many appearances in #46 (15 Jul 1967)Fact|date=March 2008.
The cover artwork for the first 50 or so issues of Indrajal Comics was done by B.Govind, with the back cover featuring a pin-up poster. Govind's painted covers are highly regarded amongst Indian Phantom fans, and are on par with those of George Wilson for the Gold Key series and the Avon novels from the USA. The Indrajal Comics were a full-colour production from #8Fact|date=March 2008 onwards, with The Phantom's costume being coloured blue for the first 10 issues in the series, but thereafter the colour was changed to the more traditional purple. Several of the covers (eg. #1, #9, #10 and #13) even dared to show The Phantom's eyesFact|date=March 2008.
Because of The Phantom's close connection to India, the editors made several "politically correct" changes to places and names -- Bengali became Denkali (there are no pygmy people in Bengal, which would have puzzled Indian readers); the Singh Brotherhood were known as "Singa" pirates; and Rama (the murderer of the 20th Phantom) became Ramalu, even though Ramalu is also a common Indian name.
Indrajal goes regional
The first regional version came in Bengali from "January,1966"Fact|date=April 2008and the "Indrajal #23" was #1 in "Bengali". From about 1980, Indrajal began to produce their Phantom comic in at least a dozen Indian dialectsFact|date=March 2008. One of the first was Kannada (called Canarese by the English), spoken in the state of Karnataka, in South India. The first Kannada Phantom was published on 1 May 1980 (see below), commencing with a 3-part version of the daily story Return to Tarakimo (D138) retitled as Return of the Ghost. Amusingly, "The Phantom" was called "Bethala" (pronounced as bay-ta-la) ... or "Ghost" in Kannada. After a few issues, the editors at Indrajal must have realised their mistake and thereafter called him "Fantom" for a while before finally settling on "Phantom".
Indrajal Comics changed to a weekly schedule from #385 (1 Nov 1981) that lasted until 1989. Each issue was individually numbered until 2 Jan 1983 when the editors decided to use a volume and number typical of periodical publications. Hence, #444 was identified as Vol.20 No.1 (see cover above). The front cover design was also changed, with the introduction of the distinctive Indrajal Comics banner.
Starting with #789 on 20 Aug 1989 (Vol 26 No 33)Fact|date=March 2008, the series briefly returned to a fortnightly schedule with 36 pages each, before the publishers decided to cancel the series in their 27th year of production. The last issue was #805 on 16 Apr 1990 (Vol 27 No 8:Dara:"The Jaws of Treachery")Fact|date=March 2008.A total of 803 Indrajal Comics were published, excluding #123 and #124 which were not printed due to industrial strike action. More than half of these issues contained Phantom stories.
For some strange reason, Ray Moore's work was never popular in India. Only a few of the stories in which Moore was assisted by Wilson McCoy, were ever published in the Indrajal Comics. Ray Moore classics such as "The Singh Brotherhood" were never heard of by the majority of Indian Phantom fansFact|date=March 2008. Instead, the editors relied heavily on Wilson McCoy and Sy Barry stories, in addition to most of the stories from the American Phantom comics produced by Gold Key / King / Charlton. Indrajal also published one story created by Team Fantomen in Sweden (Vultures Over Vacul from Nr.18/1976 was reprinted in #341-342)Fact|date=March 2008.
* [http://mandrake-comics.blogspot.com Mandrake Comics] -An entire site dedicated to the Legendary magician - Mandrake .A great site indeed for all Mandrake fans.
* [http://www.deepwoods.org/ The Deep Woods] - fan site with very complete reference section; also the closest thing to an official Frew site - (not updating anymore since April 2007)
* [http://members.aol.com/TGoldberg/phantom.txt A Phantom FAQ] - includes list and short bios of the 24 known Phantoms
* [http://www.deepwoods.cjb.net/ The 21st Phantom's Deep Woods] - fan site about the Phantom, with an Indian perspective, featuring information about the Phantom, Indian comics, Indian links, etc. It also has a popular Daily Comic Strip section where you can view the Phantom daily and Sunday newspaper strips as well as Mandrake strips online.
* [http://bangalla.cjb.net/ THE HOME OF PHANTOM] - A fan site for phantom and has a good collection of pictures.
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