Fallibilism is the philosophical doctrine that all claims of knowledge could, in principle, be mistaken. Some "fallibilists" go further, arguing that absolute certainty about
knowledgeis impossible. As a formal doctrine, it is most strongly associated with Charles Sanders Peirce, John Dewey, and other pragmatists, who use it in their attacks on foundationalism. However, it is arguably already present in the views of some ancient philosophers, including Xenophanes, Socrates, and Plato. Another proponent of fallibilism is Karl Popper, who builds his theory of knowledge, critical rationalism, on fallibilistic presuppositions. Fallibilism is also been employed by Willard Van Orman Quineto, among other things, attack the distinction between analytic and synthetic statements.
scepticism, fallibilism does not imply the need to abandon our knowledge - we needn't have logically conclusive justifications for what we know. Rather, it is an admission that, because empiricalknowledge can be revised by further observation, any of the things we take as knowledge might possibly turn out to be false. Some fallibilists make an exception for things that are axiomatically true (such as mathematical and logical knowledge). Others remain fallibilists about these as well, on the basis that, even if these axiomatic systems are in a sense infallible, we are still capable of error when working with these systems. The critical rationalist Hans Albertargues that it is impossible to prove any truth with certainty, even in logic and mathematics. This argument is called the Münchhausen Trilemma.
Moral fallibilism is a specific subset of the broader epistemological fallibilism outlined above. In the debate between moral subjectivism and moral objectivism, moral fallibilism holds out a third plausible stance: that objectively true
moralstandards exist, but that they cannot be reliably or conclusively determined by humans. This avoids the problems associated with the flexibility of subjectivism by retaining the idea that morality is not a matter of mere opinion, whilst accounting for the conflict between differing objective moralities. Notable proponents of such views are Isaiah Berlin( value pluralism) and Bernard Williams( perspectivism).
*"Charles S. Peirce: Selected Writings", ed. by Philip P. Wiener (Dover, 1980)
*"Charles S. Peirce and the Philosophy of Science", ed. by Edward C. Moore (Alabama, 1993)
*"Traktat über kritische Vernunft", Hans Albert (Tübingen: Mohr, 1968. 5th ed. 1991)
* The Problem of induction
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
fallibilism — Fallibilism is the position that some or all of our beliefs are liable to error and thus lack the maximum epistemic justification of certainty. Most philosophers today recognise fallibilism at least as regards some class of beliefs.… … Christian Philosophy
Fallibilism — doctrine that absolute certainty about knowledge is impossible; or at least that all claims to knowledge could, in principle, be mistaken. As a formal doctrine, it is most strongly associated with Charles Sanders Peirce, who used it in his attack … Mini philosophy glossary
fallibilism — noun /ˈfælɪbɪlɪzəm/ The doctrine that knowledge is never certain, but always hypothetical and susceptible to correction … Wiktionary
fallibilism — The doctrine due to Peirce, that it is not necessary that beliefs be certain, or grounded on certainty. We may justifiably rest content with beliefs in circumstances in which further evidence, forcing us to revise our opinion, may yet come in.… … Philosophy dictionary
fallibilism — the doctrine that empirical knowledge is uncertain Philosophical Isms … Phrontistery dictionary
fallibilism — fal·li·bi·lism … English syllables
fallibilism — … Useful english dictionary
Charles Sanders Peirce — B … Wikipedia
Charles Peirce — Infobox Scientist name = Charles Peirce box width = image size = 200px caption = Charles Peirce birth date = September 10, 1839 birth place = Cambridge, Massachusetts death date = April 19, 1914 death place = residence = citizenship = nationality … Wikipedia
Epistemology — (from Greek επιστήμη episteme , knowledge + λόγος , logos ) or theory of knowledge is a branch of philosophy concerned with the nature and scope (limitations) of knowledge. [Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Volume 3, 1967, Macmillan, Inc.] The term… … Wikipedia