Drift fence

Drift fence

Drift fences were used in the Texas Panhandle from 1882 to 1887 to control "cattle drift" -- the winter migration of livestock to warmer territory. Long sections of barbed wire fence were built by ranchers to keep the cattle from moving to the southern part of the state. This fence was disastrous for the animals during the winter of 1886-87. Deep snow covered the grasslands, and the fence prevented the herds from migrating to greener pastures. As a result, the cattle froze to death along the fences. Some 75 percent perished during the winter.

The drift fence in Texas was built to hold back cattle from Oklahoma, Colorado, and Kansas from crossing into the state during blizzards. It was strung along the northern boundary of each ranch. The fence extended for two hundred miles in Texas, with a gate every three miles. As a result of the 1887 blizzard, Texas in 1889 passed a law prohibiting fencing of public property. The fence was hence removed in 1890.[1]

The term is currently used for any long, continuous fence used to control the movement of animals in a particular open area, or to collect animals for research.


  1. ^ Texas State Historical Survey Committee, Historical Marker, 1969, Dumas Travel Station, Dumas, Texas

External references

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Drift Fence — Directed by Otho Lovering Produced by Harold Hurley (producer) William T. Lackey (associate producer) …   Wikipedia

  • drift fence — noun West : a stretch of fence strung by ranchers across the open range for preventing grazing cattle from drifting from their home range * * * drift fence, Western U.S. a fence built to prevent cattle from drifting too far from their home range …   Useful english dictionary

  • drift fence — noun Date: 1907 a stretch of fence on rangeland especially in the western United States for preventing cattle from drifting from their home range …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Drift Falls — Location Horsepasture River, Pisgah National Forest, Blue Ridge Mountains, Transylvania County, North Carolina Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • drift´ing|ly — drift «drihft», verb, noun. –v.t. 1. to carry along by currents of water or air: »The current was drifting our boat onto the rocks. 2. to heap up; pile up: »The wind is so strong it s drifting the snow. 3. to enlarge or shape (a hole) with a… …   Useful english dictionary

  • boundary-layer fence — A device to prevent, or at least delay, the boundary layer separation. Shallow fences are fixed axially across the wing to reduce or check spanwise drift of the boundary layer and its consequent thickening and tendency for separation …   Aviation dictionary

  • Zane Grey — Infobox Writer name = Zane Grey imagesize = 200px caption = Zane Grey holds a koala during a visit to Australia pseudonym = birthdate = birth date|1872|1|31 birthplace = Zanesville, Ohio deathdate = death date and age|1939|10|23|1872|1|31… …   Wikipedia

  • Otho Lovering — Otho Scott Lovering (* 1. Dezember 1890 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; † 25. Oktober 1968 in Santa Monica, Kalifornien) war ein US amerikanischer Cutter. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Filmografie (Auswahl) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Katherine DeMille — Infobox Actor name = Katherine DeMille birthname = Katherine Lester birthdate = birth date|1911|6|29 birthplace = Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada deathdate = death date and age|1995|4|27|1911|6|29 deathplace = Tucson, Arizona spouse = Anthony …   Wikipedia

  • Katherine DeMille — (* 29. Juni 1911 in Vancouver, Kanada; † 27. April 1995 in Tucson, Arizona) war eine US amerikanische Schauspielerin. Leben Katherine DeMille wurde im Alter von neun Jahren Vollwaise. Ihr Vater war im Ersten Weltkrieg gefallen und ihre Mutter… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»