- Columbia Graphophone Company
Columbia Records Parent company EMI Founded 1922 Status Catalogue and artist roster transferred to EMI Records, trademark and name sold to Sony Music Entertainment Genre Various Country of origin United Kingdom
The Columbia Graphophone Company was one of the earliest gramophone companies in the United Kingdom. Under EMI, as Columbia Records, it became a very successful label in the 1950s and 1960s. In 1972, it was renamed EMI Records to avoid confusion with the American Columbia Records.
In 1922, Columbia Phonograph, as it was then known, sold its UK subsidiary Columbia Graphophone. However, in 1925 Columbia Graphophone bought its former parent for $2.5 million. In 1926 Odeon Records and Parlophone Records were acquired. On April 21, 1931, the Gramophone Company and the Columbia Graphophone Company merged and formed a new company Electric and Musical Industries (EMI). American anti-trust laws forced EMI to sell its American Columbia operations.
As an EMI label
EMI continued to operate the Columbia record label in the UK until the early 1970s, and everywhere else except for the US, Canada, Mexico, Spain and Japan, until it sold its remaining interest in the Columbia trade mark to Sony Music Entertainment in 1990.
Under EMI, English Columbia's output was mainly licenced recordings from American Columbia until 1951 when American Columbia switched British distribution to Philips Records. English Columbia continued to distribute American Columbia sister labels Okeh and Epic until 1968 when American Columbia's then parent CBS moved distribution of all its labels to the then new CBS Records created from the purchase of Oriole Records (UK) in late 1964. The loss of American Columbia product had forced English Columbia to groom its own talent such as Russ Conway, Acker Bilk, John Barry, Cliff Richard, The Shadows, Helen Shapiro, Frank Ifield, Rolf Harris, Freddie and the Dreamers, The Dave Clark Five, Shirley Bassey, Frankie Vaughan, Des O'Connor, Ken Dodd, The Animals, Herman's Hermits, Gerry and the Pacemakers, The Seekers, Pink Floyd (who have been on both Columbia UK and US), and The Yardbirds. Led by avuncular A&R man Norrie Paramor, the label was arguably the most successful in Britain in the rock era prior to the Beat Boom.
In the mid 1960s, English Columbia added an audiophile imprint called Studio 2 Stereo.
EMI has engaged in litigation with CBS regarding the importing of American records bearing the Columbia imprint into areas where EMI owned the Columbia name.
Phaseout of label by EMI and trade mark transfer
EMI decided to reserve the HMV label for classical repertoire and had transferred HMV's remaining pop acts to Columbia by 1967. EMI replaced the Columbia label with the eponymous EMI Records on January 1973. It sold its remaining interest in the Columbia name in 1990 to Sony Music Entertainment (formerly CBS Records), who already owned Columbia Records in the U.S. and Canada. The formal reassignment of British registered trade marks, including the "magic notes" logo, from EMI took place in 1993.
Today, Sony Music prefer using the "walking eye" logo (previously used by the old CBS Records and based on the Columbia Records logo introduced in the US and Canada in 1955) for the Columbia Records trade mark in the UK and elsewhere. However, the "magic notes" logo is occasionally used, usually to give a 'retro' feel (such as the 2008 MGMT singles that use the "magic notes" on the vinyl labels but the "walking eye" on the covers).
The Columbia name was still on some EMI releases between 1972 and 1990 (such as Baltimora's Tarzan Boy in 1985 as well as Kiki Dee albums) but it had ceased acting as a fully functioning label.
In Australia, EMI continued using the Columbia label throughout the 1970s, but added the EMI Records label in 1973.
Columbia outside the UK
- List of Columbia Graphophone Company artists
- Graphophone, a Bell name & trademark acquired by several US record firms
- List of record labels
- ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=pwoEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA46&dq=okeh+%2B+cbs&hl=en&ei=daUaTZ7gFsrYnAfog7DMDg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10&ved=0CEcQ6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q=okeh%20%2B%20cbs&f=false
- ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=lTCLfV6aQHwC&pg=PA146&dq=%22emi+records%22+%2B+columbia&hl=en&ei=eScpTaXuM8rBnAeOzoCMAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10&ved=0CE0Q6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q=%22emi%20records%22%20%2B%20columbia&f=false
- ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=Rw8EAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA42&dq=%22emi+records%22&hl=en&ei=nyQpTbmuMoSPnwewgoi-AQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5&ved=0CDUQ6AEwBDge#v=onepage&q=%22emi%20records%22&f=false
- ^ Trade marks - UK Intellectual Property Office
- ^ Columbia Records UK
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Columbia Graphophone Company — Die Columbia Graphophone Company war eines der ersten Grammophon Unternehmen des Vereinigten Königreichs. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Frühe Geschichte 2 Columbia als EMI Unterlabel 3 Einstellung des Labels durch EMI und Übertragung der Marke … Deutsch Wikipedia
Graphophone Company — Columbia Records Columbia Records Filiale de Sony Music Entertainment Fondé en 1888 … Wikipédia en Français
1928 International Columbia Graphophone Competition — The 1928 International Columbia Graphophone Competition was a competition part sponsored by the Columbia Record Company in honour of the centenary of the death of Franz Schubert. Its original aim was to encourage composers to produce completions… … Wikipedia
Columbia — ist der Name folgender Orte: British Columbia, Provinz in Kanada District of Columbia, Bundesdistrikt der USA Columbia County (Arkansas), County in Arkansas Columbia (South Carolina) Columbia (Alabama) Columbia (Connecticut) Columbia (Illinois)… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Columbia Records (Begriffsklärung) — Columbia Records steht für: Columbia Records, das US amerikanische Plattenlabel Columbia Records Columbia Graphophone Company, das gleichnamige Columbia Records Label, das Teil von EMI war Columbia Music Entertainment, das Columbia Label in Japan … Deutsch Wikipedia
Columbia Records — This article is about the American record label active worldwide except in Japan. For the Columbia Records label which was a unit of EMI, see Columbia Graphophone Company. For the Columbia Records label in Japan, see Nippon Columbia. Columbia… … Wikipedia
Columbia Records — Firmenlogo Columbia Records Firmenlogo SONY CBS … Deutsch Wikipedia
Columbia (EMI) — Dieser Artikel behandelt das britische Plattenlabel Columbia Records, das ein Teil von EMI war. Für das US amerikanische Columbia Records Label siehe Columbia Records, für das gleichnamige Columbia Records Label in Japan siehe Columbia Music… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Columbia Music Entertainment — Dieser Artikel behandelt das japanische Plattenlabel Columbia Records bzw. Columbia Music Entertainment. Für das US amerikanische Columbia Records Label, siehe Columbia Records. Für das gleichnamige Columbia Records Label, das Teil von EMI war,… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Columbia Music Entertainment — infobox record label image bg = dark blue parent = Columbia Music Entertainment, Inc. founded = 1910 founder = Fredrick W. Horn distributor = Columbia Records (In Japan) Savoy Records (in United States) genre = various country = Japan url = [http … Wikipedia