- BBC Weather
BBC Weather is the
BBC's department in charge of preparing and broadcasting weather forecasts and is now part of BBC News. The Broadcast Meteorologists are employed by the Met Office. The current longest serving presenter of BBCweather is Michael Fish, who appeared for 30 years between 1974 and 2004.
The first BBC
weather forecastwas a shipping forecastbroadcast on the radio on behalf of the Met Officeon 14 November, 1922, and the first daily weather forecast was broadcast 26 March, 1923.
In 1936, the BBC experimented with the world's first televised
weather maps, which was brought into practice in 1949 after World War II. The map filled the entire screen, with an off-screen narrator commenting on the next day's weather.
Advancement of technology
11 January 1954, the first in-vision weather forecast was broadcast, presented by George Cowling. In an in-vision the narrator stands in front of the map. At that point, the maps were drawn by hand in the London Weather Centre, before being couriered across London. The forecasts were presented by the same person who had composed them, and had relatively low accuracy.
In 1962, the installation of a
fax machineand an electronic computerin the Met Office led to more accurate and quicker forecasting. Satellite photographywas available from 1964, but was of a poor quality and was given on paper, with the coastline etched in felt-tip pen. This didn't change until 1973 with the installation of a new computer, increasing processing power of the Weather Centre greatly, leading to forecasts twice as accurate as earlier ones.
As computational capability improved, so did graphics technology. Early hand-drawn maps gave way to magnetic symbols, which in turn gave way to
bluescreen(CSO) computer-generated imagerytechnology, each of which allowed the presenter greater control over the information displayed.
Early magnetic symbols tended to adhere poorly to the maps, and occasional spelling errors (such as the presenter writing 'GOF' instead of 'FOG') marred some broadcasts, but allowed the presenter to show how weather would change over time. The symbols were designed to be 'self-explicit', allowing the viewer to understand the map without a key or legend.
These were phased out in 1985 for computer graphics, although the basic design of symbols was kept the same. These forecasts were widely-acclaimed for their simplicity, winning an award from the
Royal Television Society.
Great Storm of 1987 Controversy
Possibly the most famous of the forecasters is the now retired
Michael Fish. Famous for his informal manner and eccentric dress sense (he once wore a blue and green blazer emblazoned with all the weather symbols), he was a viewer favourite despite an unfortunate comment before The Great Storm of 1987.
During a weather forecast some hours before the storm, Michael Fish started his forecast with the now infamous line "Earlier on today, apparently, a woman rang the BBC and said she heard there was a hurricane on the way. Well, if you're watching, don't worry, there isn't". Although he was actually referring to a Florida hurricane (Floyd), and went on to forecast stormy conditions over the South of England, the statement has gone down in popular culture as one of the worst mistakes made so publicly.
2 October 2000BBC Weather underwent a more significant change. Whilst there was not much change to the existing weather symbols new symbols giving information Pollen and Sun levels were introduced. A new more detailed map of Britain was used based on satellite data.
16 May 2005saw the end of the weather symbols on television after 29 years and 9 months on air. They were replaced by a controversial format as the forecast underwent another redesign, with the flat map replaced by a 3D globe, and weather conditions shown by coloured areas. Cloud coveris indicated by the brightness of the map, while rainand snoware indicated by animated blue and white areas respectively.
The graphics are provided by Weatherscape XT, which was developed by the commercial arm of the New Zealand
Metservice. [cite news
title = BBC Launches New Weather Format Using NZ Technology
language = English
date = 2005-05-14
url = http://www.metservice.com/default/index.php?alias=newsreleases&pr=484
accessdate = 2008-06-02]
The move polarised opinion; some saw it as more accurate and modern, while others disliked the brown colour chosen for the landmass and the presumed high cost of the graphics. Poor angling of the map, in order to show the curvature of the Earth, led to
Scotlandappearing little larger than Devon, and Shetlandbeing almost invisible while exaggerating Londonand the South East. This led to many Scottish commentators claiming the BBC was guilty of a London bias. As a result, the map was realigned, and the moving tour of the UK was lengthened.
The new look won a prestigious Silver Award at the [http://www.promax.tv/awards.asp Promax/BDA] Awards in 2006. Criticism has been ongoing however, with some viewers complaining about the colour scheme, and of a lack of detail beyond 36 hours.
There have been continuous developments since May 2005. In 2006, a rippling effect was introduced to define seas and oceans.
The [http://www.bbc.co.uk/weather/ BBC Weather website] provides outlook weather forecasts for UK and international locations using animated symbols and a format similar in design to that used for the televised broadcasts.
The website also runs frequent special features about seasonal sports,
white Christmas, nature and meteorological science. It also has world weather, UK outlook and weather news.
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