- Kingdom of Mann and the Isles
Infobox Former Country
native_name = "Suðreyjar ok Norðreyjar"
conventional_long_name =Kingdom of Mann and the Isles
common_name = Mann and the Isles
region = Western Europe
country = Scotland and the Isle of Man
year_start = 1079
year_end = 1266
p1 = Norse kingdoms
s1 = Kingdom of Scotland
flag_s1 = Lionrampant.svg
image_map_caption = Location of the Kingdom of Mann and the Isles at the end of the eleventh century
common_languages = Norse
Castletown, Isle of Man
government_type = Monarchy
title_leader = King
leader1 = Godred IV Crovan
year_leader1 = 1079–1095
Magnus III of the Isle of Man
year_leader2 = 1252–1265
Battle of Skyhill
Treaty of Perth
event1 = Scottish takeover
date_event1 = 1266
The Kingdom had two parts,
Sodor( _no. "Suðr-eyjar"), or the South Isles (the Hebridesand Mann), and Norðr ( _no. "Norðr-eyjar"), or the North Isles (the Orkneysand Shetland).
In 1164 it was split into the
Kingdom of the Hebridesand the Kingdom of Mann.
Even today, the Bishop of the Isle of Man is the
Bishop of Sodor and Man.
The kingdom was formed by
Godred Crovanwhen he seized the Isle of Man from other Vikings, probably from Dublin in 1079. In the first two attempts at capturing the island Godred was defeated, it was only with his third try that he was victorious at the Battle of Skyhillnear Ramsey. Previously, the islands had been taken between c.700–900 AD, during the Viking invasions of the British Isles. Up until the arrival of Godred the islands had been administered by the Norse Kingdoms of Dublinand Orkney.
The Kingdom covered the islands of the northern
Irish Seaand off the west coast of mainland Scotland. Specifically, this is:
Isle of Manand its surrounding islands
Islands of the Clyde
The later Kingdom of Mann was centred around the Isle of Man but also contained the Outer Hebrides, the Inner Hebrides forming the Kingdom of the Hebrides. The
Earldom of Orkneywas the furthest extent of the Manx kingdom, which included parts of the Scottish mainland such as Sutherland, Caithnessand Inverness. The Kingdom was highly influential in remote western parts of Scotlandand eastern parts of Ireland, such as Furness, Whithorn, Argylland Galloway. At certain times the Kingdom became a domain to the Kings of Dublinand Kings of Jorvik.
The kingdom's end
The two kingdoms were granted to Scotland in
1266, at the Treaty of Perth.
Isle of Manwas later taken by England, and is now a self-governing Crown dependency.
Hebridesand the Clyde Islands remain part of Scotland.
King of Mann and the Isles
Earldom of Orkney
Earl of Orkney
Diocese of Sodor and Man
History of the Outer Hebrides
* [http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/parishes/diocese/diocese.htm The Diocese of Sodor and Man. History. Map]
* [http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/fulltext/dh1893/ch02.htm Diocesan History - CHAPTER II SCANDINAVIAN PERIOD (? 850 — 1275)]
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