- Bangweulu Wetlands ecosystem
The Bangweulu Wetlands
ecosystemcovers a large area exhibiting great biodiversitywhich is under environmental stressand in need of conservation.Halls, A.J. (ed.), 1997. "Wetlands, Biodiversity and the Ramsar Convention: The Role of the Convention on Wetlands in the Conservation and Wise Use of Biodiversity". Ramsar Convention Bureau, Gland, Switzerland] It comprises the Bangweulu Swamps and associated grassy floodplainin northern Zambia, surrounding most of Lake Bangweuluexcept to the west.
The wetlands are known for wildlife including the near-endemic
black lechwe, tsessebe, reedbuck, oribi, sitatunga, elephant, African buffalo, crocodile, hippopotamus, and many kinds of birds such as pelican, spoonbill, flamingo, shoebill, wattled crane, saddle-billed stork, spur-winged goose, sacred ibis, glossy ibis, black-crowned night heron, white-fronted bee-eater, swamp flycatcher, rosy-throated longclaw, Fuelleborn's longclaw, Denham’s bustard and numerous waterfowland many other birds.http://www.kasanka.com Kasanka Trust: Bangweulu Floodplains accessed 31 January 2007] They are one of the few breeding grounds of the shoebill, a large stork-related bird classified as an endangered species which is vulnerable because it nests on the ground and only has two offspring per year.
The environmental stress is caused by human settlement and hunting (especially of the black lechwe), fishing, and cattle-grazing. Some of the chiefs of the area have attempted to regulate fishing and hunting, but many in the Bangweulu basin are affected by poverty and do not have viable alternatives to support themselves. Some former miners thrown out of work by the restructuring of the Copperbelt mines relocated to the area in the hope of supporting their families by exploiting the area's resources.http://www.times.co.zm/news Times of Zambia, accessed 31 January 2007]
The wetlands today do not include a viable wildlife reserve. The
Isangano National Parkin the north-east is defunct, having no management or protection.http://www.zambiatourism.com/travel/nationalparks/arbparks.htm Zambia National Tourism Bureau, accessed 31 January 2007] The Kasanka National Parkabout 50 km south of the wetland has a site called Shoebill Island Camp within the wetland and thus has a role in monitoring and protecting it, and in 2007 was the closest protected area.http://www.africanconservation.org/zambia.html African Conservation Organization, accessed 31 January 2007]
* [http://www.zambiatourism.com/travel/nationalparks/banswamp.htm Zambia National Tourist Bureau: "The Bangweulu Floodplain"]
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